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Psalms 34:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— They looked unto him, and were radiant; And their faces shall never be confounded.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— They looked unto him, and were lightened: and their faces were not ashamed.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— They looked to Him and were radiant, And their faces will never be ashamed.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— They looked to him, and were lightened: and their faces were not ashamed.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— They looked unto him, and were enlightened, and their faces were not confounded.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— They looked unto him and were radiant, And, as for their faces, let them not be abashed.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— They looked expectingly unto Him, And they became bright, And their faces are not ashamed.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Come ye to him and be enlightened: and your faces shall not be confounded.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— They looked vnto him, and were lightned: and their faces were not ashamed.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Draw near to him, and be enlightened: and your faces shall not [by any means] be ashamed.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— They looked unto him, and were lightened: and their faces were not ashamed.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
They looked 5027
{5027} Prime
נָבַט
nabat
{naw-bat'}
A primitive root; to scan, that is, look intently at; by implication to regard with pleasure, favor or care.
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
him, and were lightened: 5102
{5102} Prime
נָהַר
nahar
{naw-har'}
A primitive root; to sparkle, that is, (figuratively) be cheerful; hence (from the sheen of a running stream) to flow, that is, (figuratively) assemble.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
and their faces 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
were not x408
(0408) Complement
אַל
'al
{al}
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
ashamed. 2659
{2659} Prime
חַפֵר
chapher
{khaw-fare'}
A primitive root (perhaps rather the same as H2658 through the idea of detection): to blush; figuratively to be ashamed, disappointed; causatively to shame, reproach.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 34:5-7

_ _ God’s favor to the pious generally, and to himself specially, is celebrated.

_ _ looked — with desire for help.

_ _ lightened — or, “brightened,” expressing joy, opposed to the downcast features of those who are ashamed or disappointed (Psalms 25:2, Psalms 25:3).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 34:1-10.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 34:5

Lightened — Comforted and encouraged. Ashamed — They were not disappointed of their hope.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 34:5

They (d) looked unto him, and were lightened: and their faces were not ashamed.

(d) They will be bold to flee to you for help, when they see your mercies toward me.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
They:

Psalms 123:1-2 [[A Song of degrees.]] Unto thee lift I up mine eyes, O thou that dwellest in the heavens. ... Behold, as the eyes of servants [look] unto the hand of their masters, [and] as the eyes of a maiden unto the hand of her mistress; so our eyes [wait] upon the LORD our God, until that he have mercy upon us.
Isaiah 45:22 Look unto me, and be ye saved, all the ends of the earth: for I [am] God, and [there is] none else.
Hebrews 12:2 Looking unto Jesus the author and finisher of [our] faith; who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God.

and were:

Psalms 13:3 Consider [and] hear me, O LORD my God: lighten mine eyes, lest I sleep the [sleep of] death;
Psalms 18:28 For thou wilt light my candle: the LORD my God will enlighten my darkness.
Psalms 97:11 Light is sown for the righteous, and gladness for the upright in heart.
Esther 8:16 The Jews had light, and gladness, and joy, and honour.

lightened:
or, flowed unto him

their:

Psalms 83:16 Fill their faces with shame; that they may seek thy name, O LORD.
2 Samuel 19:5 And Joab came into the house to the king, and said, Thou hast shamed this day the faces of all thy servants, which this day have saved thy life, and the lives of thy sons and of thy daughters, and the lives of thy wives, and the lives of thy concubines;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2S 19:5. Es 8:16. Ps 13:3; 18:28; 83:16; 97:11; 123:1. Is 45:22. He 12:2.

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