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Psalms 34:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— What man is he that desireth life, And loveth [many] days, that he may see good?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— What man [is he that] desireth life, [and] loveth [many] days, that he may see good?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Who is the man who desires life And loves [length of] days that he may see good?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— What man [is he that] desireth life, [and] loveth [many] days, that he may see good?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— What man is he that desireth life, [and] loveth days, that he may see good?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Who is the man that desireth life, Loving days, that he may see good?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Who [is] the man that is desiring life? Loving days to see good?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Who is the man that desireth life: who liveth to see good days?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— What man is hee that desireth life; [and] loueth [many] dayes, that he may see good?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— What man is there that desires life, loving to see good days?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— What man [is he that] desireth life, [and] loveth [many] days, that he may see good?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
What x4310
(4310) Complement
מִי
miy
{me}
An interrogitive pronoun of persons, as H4100 is of things, who? (occasionally, by a peculiar idiom, of things); also (indefinitely) whoever; often used in oblique construction with prefix or suffix.
man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
[is he that] desireth 2655
{2655} Prime
חָפֵץ
chaphets
{khaw-fates'}
From H2654; pleased with.
life, 2416
{2416} Prime
חַי
chay
{khah'-ee}
From H2421; alive; hence raw (flesh); fresh (plant, water, year), strong; also (as noun, especially in the feminine singular and masculine plural) life (or living thing), whether literally or figuratively.
[and] loveth 157
{0157} Prime
אָהַב
'ahab
{aw-hab'}
A primitive root; to have affection for (sexually or otherwise).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
[many] days, 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
that he may see 7200
{7200} Prime
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
good? 2896
{2896} Prime
טוֹב
towb
{tobe}
From H2895; good (as an adjective) in the widest sense; used likewise as a noun, both in the masculine and the feminine, the singular and the plural (good, a good or good thing, a good man or woman; the good, goods or good things, good men or women), also as an adverb (well).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 34:12

_ _ What man — Whoever desires the blessings of piety, let him attend.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 34:11-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 34:12

Life — A long and happy life, begun in this world and continued for ever in the next. Good — In which he may enjoy good, prosperity or happiness.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 34:12

What man [is he that] desireth life, [and] loveth [many] days, that he may (i) see good?

(i) Seeing all men naturally desire happiness, he wonders why they cast themselves willingly into misery.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
What:

Psalms 21:4 He asked life of thee, [and] thou gavest [it] him, [even] length of days for ever and ever.
Psalms 91:16 With long life will I satisfy him, and shew him my salvation.
Deuteronomy 6:2 That thou mightest fear the LORD thy God, to keep all his statutes and his commandments, which I command thee, thou, and thy son, and thy son's son, all the days of thy life; and that thy days may be prolonged.
Deuteronomy 30:20 That thou mayest love the LORD thy God, [and] that thou mayest obey his voice, and that thou mayest cleave unto him: for he [is] thy life, and the length of thy days: that thou mayest dwell in the land which the LORD sware unto thy fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give them.
1 Peter 3:10-11 For he that will love life, and see good days, let him refrain his tongue from evil, and his lips that they speak no guile: ... Let him eschew evil, and do good; let him seek peace, and ensue it.

that he:

Psalms 4:6 [There be] many that say, Who will shew us [any] good? LORD, lift thou up the light of thy countenance upon us.
Job 7:7 O remember that my life [is] wind: mine eye shall no more see good.
Ecclesiastes 2:3 I sought in mine heart to give myself unto wine, yet acquainting mine heart with wisdom; and to lay hold on folly, till I might see what [was] that good for the sons of men, which they should do under the heaven all the days of their life.
Ecclesiastes 12:13 Let us hear the conclusion of the whole matter: Fear God, and keep his commandments: for this [is] the whole [duty] of man.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 6:2; 30:20. Jb 7:7. Ps 4:6; 21:4; 91:16. Ec 2:3; 12:13. 1P 3:10.

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