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Psalms 33:16 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— There is no king saved by the multitude of a host: A mighty man is not delivered by great strength.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— There is no king saved by the multitude of an host: a mighty man is not delivered by much strength.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The king is not saved by a mighty army; A warrior is not delivered by great strength.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— There is no king saved by the multitude of a host: a mighty man is not delivered by much strength.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The king is not saved by the multitude of [his] forces; a mighty man is not delivered by much strength.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Not a king, can be saved by greatness of force, nor, hero, deliver himself by greatness of strength:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The king is not saved by the multitude of a force. A mighty man is not delivered, By abundance of power.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The king is not saved by a great army: nor shall the giant be saved by his own great strength.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— There is no king saued by the multitude of an hoste: a mightie man is not deliuered by much strength.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— A king is not saved by reason of a great host; and a giant shall not be delivered by the greatness of his strength.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— There is no king saved by the multitude of an host: a mighty man is not delivered by much strength.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
There is no x369
(0369) Complement
אַיִן
'ayin
{ah'-yin}
As if from a primitive root meaning to be nothing or not exist; a non-entity; generally used as a negative particle.
king 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
saved 3467
{3467} Prime
יָשַׁע
yasha`
{yaw-shah'}
A primitive root; properly to be open, wide or free, that is, (by implication) to be safe; causatively to free or succor.
z8737
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
by the multitude 7230
{7230} Prime
רֹב
rob
{robe}
From H7231; abundance (in any respect).
of an host: 2428
{2428} Prime
חַיִל
chayil
{khah'-yil}
From H2342; probably a force, whether of men, means or other resources; an army, wealth, virtue, valor, strength.
a mighty man 1368
{1368} Prime
גִּבּוֹר
gibbowr
{ghib-bore'}
Intensive from the same as H1397; powerful; by implication warrior, tyrant.
is not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
delivered 5337
{5337} Prime
נָצַל
natsal
{naw-tsal'}
A primitive root; to snatch away, whether in a good or a bad sense.
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
by much 7230
{7230} Prime
רֹב
rob
{robe}
From H7231; abundance (in any respect).
strength. 3581
{3581} Prime
כֹּחַ
koach
{ko'-akh}
From an unused root meaning to be firm; vigor, literally (force, in a good or a bad sense) or figuratively (capacity, means, produce); also (from its hardiness) a large lizard.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 33:12-19.


Psalms 33:16-17

_ _ Men’s usual reliances in their greatest exigencies are, in themselves, useless.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 33:12-22.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 33:16

No king — He instances in these, as the most uncontrollable persons in the world, and most confident of themselves. By which he strongly proves his general proposition, of God's powerful providence over all men. By an host — But only by God's providence, who disposes of victory and success, as he pleases, and that frequently to the weakest side.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 33:16

There is no (l) king saved by the multitude of an host: a mighty man is not delivered by much strength.

(l) If kings and the mighty of the world cannot be saved by worldly means, but only by God's providence, what do others have to trust in, who have not similar means?

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
no king:

Psalms 44:3 For they got not the land in possession by their own sword, neither did their own arm save them: but thy right hand, and thine arm, and the light of thy countenance, because thou hadst a favour unto them.
Psalms 44:6-7 For I will not trust in my bow, neither shall my sword save me. ... But thou hast saved us from our enemies, and hast put them to shame that hated us.
Exodus 14:17-18 And I, behold, I will harden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they shall follow them: and I will get me honour upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen. ... And the Egyptians shall know that I [am] the LORD, when I have gotten me honour upon Pharaoh, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen.
Exodus 14:28 And the waters returned, and covered the chariots, and the horsemen, [and] all the host of Pharaoh that came into the sea after them; there remained not so much as one of them.
Joshua 11:4-8 And they went out, they and all their hosts with them, much people, even as the sand that [is] upon the sea shore in multitude, with horses and chariots very many. ... And the LORD delivered them into the hand of Israel, who smote them, and chased them unto great Zidon, and unto Misrephothmaim, and unto the valley of Mizpeh eastward; and they smote them, until they left them none remaining.
Judges 7:2 And the LORD said unto Gideon, The people that [are] with thee [are] too many for me to give the Midianites into their hands, lest Israel vaunt themselves against me, saying, Mine own hand hath saved me.
Judges 7:12-25 And the Midianites and the Amalekites and all the children of the east lay along in the valley like grasshoppers for multitude; and their camels [were] without number, as the sand by the sea side for multitude. ... And they took two princes of the Midianites, Oreb and Zeeb; and they slew Oreb upon the rock Oreb, and Zeeb they slew at the winepress of Zeeb, and pursued Midian, and brought the heads of Oreb and Zeeb to Gideon on the other side Jordan.
1 Samuel 14:8-16 Then said Jonathan, Behold, we will pass over unto [these] men, and we will discover ourselves unto them. ... And the watchmen of Saul in Gibeah of Benjamin looked; and, behold, the multitude melted away, and they went on beating down [one another].
1 Kings 20:10 And Benhadad sent unto him, and said, The gods do so unto me, and more also, if the dust of Samaria shall suffice for handfuls for all the people that follow me.
1 Kings 20:27-29 And the children of Israel were numbered, and were all present, and went against them: and the children of Israel pitched before them like two little flocks of kids; but the Syrians filled the country. ... And they pitched one over against the other seven days. And [so] it was, that in the seventh day the battle was joined: and the children of Israel slew of the Syrians an hundred thousand footmen in one day.
2 Chronicles 14:9-13 And there came out against them Zerah the Ethiopian with an host of a thousand thousand, and three hundred chariots; and came unto Mareshah. ... And Asa and the people that [were] with him pursued them unto Gerar: and the Ethiopians were overthrown, that they could not recover themselves; for they were destroyed before the LORD, and before his host; and they carried away very much spoil.
2 Chronicles 20:12 O our God, wilt thou not judge them? for we have no might against this great company that cometh against us; neither know we what to do: but our eyes [are] upon thee.
2 Chronicles 20:23 For the children of Ammon and Moab stood up against the inhabitants of mount Seir, utterly to slay and destroy [them]: and when they had made an end of the inhabitants of Seir, every one helped to destroy another.
2 Chronicles 32:8-9 With him [is] an arm of flesh; but with us [is] the LORD our God to help us, and to fight our battles. And the people rested themselves upon the words of Hezekiah king of Judah. ... After this did Sennacherib king of Assyria send his servants to Jerusalem, (but he [himself laid siege] against Lachish, and all his power with him,) unto Hezekiah king of Judah, and unto all Judah that [were] at Jerusalem, saying,
2 Chronicles 32:21 And the LORD sent an angel, which cut off all the mighty men of valour, and the leaders and captains in the camp of the king of Assyria. So he returned with shame of face to his own land. And when he was come into the house of his god, they that came forth of his own bowels slew him there with the sword.

mighty:

Joshua 14:12 Now therefore give me this mountain, whereof the LORD spake in that day; for thou heardest in that day how the Anakims [were] there, and [that] the cities [were] great [and] fenced: if so be the LORD [will be] with me, then I shall be able to drive them out, as the LORD said.
1 Samuel 17:4 And there went out a champion out of the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, of Gath, whose height [was] six cubits and a span.
1 Samuel 17:45-49 Then said David to the Philistine, Thou comest to me with a sword, and with a spear, and with a shield: but I come to thee in the name of the LORD of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom thou hast defied. ... And David put his hand in his bag, and took thence a stone, and slang [it], and smote the Philistine in his forehead, that the stone sunk into his forehead; and he fell upon his face to the earth.
2 Samuel 21:16-22 And Ishbibenob, which [was] of the sons of the giant, the weight of whose spear [weighed] three hundred [shekels] of brass in weight, he being girded with a new [sword], thought to have slain David. ... These four were born to the giant in Gath, and fell by the hand of David, and by the hand of his servants.
Jeremiah 9:23 Thus saith the LORD, Let not the wise [man] glory in his wisdom, neither let the mighty [man] glory in his might, let not the rich [man] glory in his riches:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 14:17, 28. Jsh 11:4; 14:12. Jg 7:2, 12. 1S 14:8; 17:4, 45. 2S 21:16. 1K 20:10, 27. 2Ch 14:9; 20:12, 23; 32:8, 21. Ps 44:3, 6. Jr 9:23.

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