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Psalms 31:13 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For I have heard the defaming of many, Terror on every side: While they took counsel together against me, They devised to take away my life.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For I have heard the slander of many: fear [was] on every side: while they took counsel together against me, they devised to take away my life.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For I have heard the slander of many, Terror is on every side; While they took counsel together against me, They schemed to take away my life.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For I have heard the slander of many: fear [was] on every side: while they took counsel together against me, they devised to take away my life.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For I have heard the slander of many—terror on every side—when they take counsel together against me: they plot to take away my life.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For I have heard the whispering of many—A terror round about! When they have sat in conclave together against me, to take away my life, have they intrigued.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— For I have heard an evil account of many, Fear [is] round about. In their being united against me, To take my life they have devised,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For I have heard the blame of many that dwell round about. While they assembled together against me, they consulted to take away my life.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For I haue heard the slaunder of many, feare was on euery side: while they tooke counsell together against me, they deuised to take away my life.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For I heard the slander of many that dwelt round about: when they were gathered together against me, they took counsel to take my life.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For I have heard the slander of many: fear [was] on every side: while they took counsel together against me, they devised to take away my life.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
I have heard 8085
{8085} Prime
שָׁמַע
shama`
{shaw-mah'}
A primitive root; to hear intelligently (often with implication of attention, obedience, etc.; causatively to tell, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
the slander 1681
{1681} Prime
דִּבָּה
dibbah
{dib-baw'}
From H1680 (in the sense of furtive motion); slander.
of many: 7227
{7227} Prime
רַב
rab
{rab}
By contraction from H7231; abundant (in quantity, size, age, number, rank, quality).
fear 4032
{4032} Prime
מָגוֹר
magowr
{maw-gore'}
From H1481 in the sense of fearing; a fright (objectively or subjectively).
[was] on every side: 5439
{5439} Prime
סָבִיב
cabiyb
{saw-beeb'}
From H5437; (as noun) a circle, neighbor, or environs; but chiefly (as adverb, with or without preposition) around.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
while they took counsel 3245
{3245} Prime
יָסַד
yacad
{yaw-sad'}
A primitive root; to set (literally or figuratively); intensively to found; reflexively to sit down together, that is, settle, consult.
z8736
<8736> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 240
together 3162
{3162} Prime
יַחַד
yachad
{yakh'-ad}
From H3161; properly a unit, that is, (adverbially) unitedly.
against x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
me, they devised 2161
{2161} Prime
זָמַם
zamam
{zaw-mam'}
A primitive root; to plan, usually in a bad sense.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
to take away 3947
{3947} Prime
לָקַח
laqach
{law-kakh'}
A primitive root; to take (in the widest variety of applications).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
my life. 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 31:13

_ _ For — introduces further reasons for his prayer, the unjust, deliberate, and murderous purposes of his foes.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 31:9-18.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 31:13

Fear — Just cause of fear.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 31:13

For I have heard the slander of (i) many: fear [was] on every side: while they took counsel together against me, they devised to take away my life.

(i) They who were in authority condemned me as a wicked doer.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I have:

Psalms 55:10 Day and night they go about it upon the walls thereof: mischief also and sorrow [are] in the midst of it.
Psalms 101:5 Whoso privily slandereth his neighbour, him will I cut off: him that hath an high look and a proud heart will not I suffer.
1 Samuel 22:8-10 That all of you have conspired against me, and [there is] none that sheweth me that my son hath made a league with the son of Jesse, and [there is] none of you that is sorry for me, or sheweth unto me that my son hath stirred up my servant against me, to lie in wait, as at this day? ... And he enquired of the LORD for him, and gave him victuals, and gave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine.
1 Samuel 24:9 And David said to Saul, Wherefore hearest thou men's words, saying, Behold, David seeketh thy hurt?
Jeremiah 20:10 For I heard the defaming of many, fear on every side. Report, [say they], and we will report it. All my familiars watched for my halting, [saying], Peradventure he will be enticed, and we shall prevail against him, and we shall take our revenge on him.
Luke 23:1-2 And the whole multitude of them arose, and led him unto Pilate. ... And they began to accuse him, saying, We found this [fellow] perverting the nation, and forbidding to give tribute to Caesar, saying that he himself is Christ a King.
Luke 23:5 And they were the more fierce, saying, He stirreth up the people, teaching throughout all Jewry, beginning from Galilee to this place.

fear:

Psalms 56:1-3 [[To the chief Musician upon Jonathelemrechokim, Michtam of David, when the Philistines took him in Gath.]] Be merciful unto me, O God: for man would swallow me up; he fighting daily oppresseth me. ... What time I am afraid, I will trust in thee.
Psalms 57:4 My soul [is] among lions: [and] I lie [even among] them that are set on fire, [even] the sons of men, whose teeth [are] spears and arrows, and their tongue a sharp sword.
Jeremiah 6:25 Go not forth into the field, nor walk by the way; for the sword of the enemy [and] fear [is] on every side.
Jeremiah 20:3-4 And it came to pass on the morrow, that Pashur brought forth Jeremiah out of the stocks. Then said Jeremiah unto him, The LORD hath not called thy name Pashur, but Magormissabib. ... For thus saith the LORD, Behold, I will make thee a terror to thyself, and to all thy friends: and they shall fall by the sword of their enemies, and thine eyes shall behold [it]: and I will give all Judah into the hand of the king of Babylon, and he shall carry them captive into Babylon, and shall slay them with the sword.
*marg.
Lamentations 2:22 Thou hast called as in a solemn day my terrors round about, so that in the day of the LORD'S anger none escaped nor remained: those that I have swaddled and brought up hath mine enemy consumed.

while:

1 Samuel 19:10-17 And Saul sought to smite David even to the wall with the javelin; but he slipped away out of Saul's presence, and he smote the javelin into the wall: and David fled, and escaped that night. ... And Saul said unto Michal, Why hast thou deceived me so, and sent away mine enemy, that he is escaped? And Michal answered Saul, He said unto me, Let me go; why should I kill thee?
1 Samuel 20:33 And Saul cast a javelin at him to smite him: whereby Jonathan knew that it was determined of his father to slay David.
1 Samuel 23:19-20 Then came up the Ziphites to Saul to Gibeah, saying, Doth not David hide himself with us in strong holds in the wood, in the hill of Hachilah, which [is] on the south of Jeshimon? ... Now therefore, O king, come down according to all the desire of thy soul to come down; and our part [shall be] to deliver him into the king's hand.
2 Samuel 17:1-4 Moreover Ahithophel said unto Absalom, Let me now choose out twelve thousand men, and I will arise and pursue after David this night: ... And the saying pleased Absalom well, and all the elders of Israel.
Jeremiah 11:19 But I [was] like a lamb [or] an ox [that] is brought to the slaughter; and I knew not that they had devised devices against me, [saying], Let us destroy the tree with the fruit thereof, and let us cut him off from the land of the living, that his name may be no more remembered.
Matthew 26:3-4 Then assembled together the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders of the people, unto the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas, ... And consulted that they might take Jesus by subtilty, and kill [him].
Matthew 26:59 Now the chief priests, and elders, and all the council, sought false witness against Jesus, to put him to death;
Matthew 27:1 When the morning was come, all the chief priests and elders of the people took counsel against Jesus to put him to death:
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 19:10; 20:33; 22:8; 23:19; 24:9. 2S 17:1. Ps 55:10; 56:1; 57:4; 101:5. Jr 6:25; 11:19; 20:3, 10. Lm 2:22. Mt 26:3, 59; 27:1. Lk 23:1, 5.

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