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Psalms 31:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [[For the Chief Musician. A Psalm of David.]] In thee, O Jehovah, do I take refuge; Let me never be put to shame: Deliver me in thy righteousness.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.]] In thee, O LORD, do I put my trust; let me never be ashamed: deliver me in thy righteousness.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [[For the choir director. A Psalm of David.]] In You, O LORD, I have taken refuge; Let me never be ashamed; In Your righteousness deliver me.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.]] In thee, O LORD, do I put my trust; let me never be ashamed: deliver me in thy righteousness.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— [[To the chief Musician. A Psalm of David.]] In thee, Jehovah, do I trust; let me never be ashamed: deliver me in thy righteousness.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [[To the Chief Musician. A Melody of David.]] In thee, O Yahweh, have I sought refuge, Let me not be ashamed to times age-abiding, In thy righteousness, deliver me:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— To the Overseer.—A Psalm of David. In Thee, O Jehovah, I have trusted, Let me not be ashamed to the age, In Thy righteousness deliver me.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Unto the end, a psalm for David, in an ecstasy. In thee, O Lord, have I hoped, let me never be confounded: deliver me in thy justice.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— [[To the chiefe Musician, A Psalme of Dauid.]] In thee, O LORD, doe I put my trust, let me neuer be ashamed: deliuer me in thy righteousnesse.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [[For the end, a Psalm of David, [an utterance] of extreme fear.]] O Lord, I have hoped in thee; let me never be ashamed: deliver me in thy righteousness and rescue me.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of Dawid.]] In thee, O Yahweh, do I put my trust; let me never be ashamed: deliver me in thy righteousness.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[[To the chief Musician, 5329
{5329} Prime
נָצַח
natsach
{naw-tsakh'}
A primitive root; properly to glitter from afar, that is, to be eminent (as a superintendent, especially of the Temple services and its music); also (as denominative from H5331), to be permanent.
z8764
<8764> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 685
A Psalm 4210
{4210} Prime
מִזְמוֹר
mizmowr
{miz-more'}
From H2167; properly instrumental music; by implication a poem set to notes.
of Dwi דָּוִד.]] 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
In thee, O Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
do I put my trust; 2620
{2620} Prime
חָסַה
chacah
{khaw-saw'}
A primitive root; to flee for protection (compare H0982); figuratively to confide in.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
let me never 408
{0408} Prime
אַל
'al
{al}
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
5769
{5769} Prime
עוֹלָם
`owlam
{o-lawm'}
From H5956; properly concealed, that is, the vanishing point; generally time out of mind (past or future), that is, (practically) eternity; frequentative adverbially (especially with prepositional prefix) always.
be ashamed: 954
{0954} Prime
בּושׁ
buwsh
{boosh}
A primitive root; properly to pale, that is, by implication to be ashamed; also (by implication) to be disappointed, or delayed.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
deliver 6403
{6403} Prime
פָּלַט
palat
{paw-lat'}
A primitive root; to slip out, that is, escape; causatively to deliver.
z8761
<8761> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 446
me in thy righteousness. 6666
{6666} Prime
צְדָקָה
ts@daqah
{tsed-aw-kaw'}
From H6663; rightness (abstractly), subjectively (rectitude), objectively (justice), morally (virtue) or figuratively (prosperity).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 31:1

_ _ Psalms 31:1-24. The prayer of a believer in time of deep distress. In the first part, cries for help are mingled with expressions of confidence. Then the detail of griefs engrosses his attention, till, in the assurance of strong but submissive faith, he rises to the language of unmingled joyful trust and exhorts others to like love and confidence towards God.

_ _ Expresses the general tone of feeling of the Psalm.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 31:1-8

_ _ Faith and prayer must go together. He that believes, let his pray — I believe, therefore I have spoken: and he that prays, let him believe, for the prayer of faith is the prevailing prayer. We have both here.

_ _ I. David, in distress, is very earnest with God in prayer for succour and relief. This eases a burdened spirit, fetches in promised mercies, and wonderfully supports and comforts the soul in the expectation of them. He prays, 1. That God would deliver him (Psalms 31:1), that his life might be preserved from the malice of his enemies, and that an end might be put to their persecutions of him, that God, not only in his mercy, but in righteousness, would deliver him, as a righteous Judge betwixt him and his unrighteous persecutors, that he would bow down his ear to his petitions, to his appeals, and deliver him, Psalms 31:2. It is condescension in God to take cognizance of the case of the greatest and best of men; he humbles himself to do it. The psalmist prays also that he would deliver him speedily, lest, if the deliverance were long deferred, his faith should fail. 2. That if he did not immediately deliver him out of his troubles, yet he would protect and shelter him in his troubles; “Be thou my strong rock, immovable, impregnable, as a fastness framed by nature, and my house of defence, a fortress framed by art, and all to save me.” Thus we may pray that God's providence would secure to us our lives and comforts, and that by his grace we may be enabled to think ourselves safe in him, Proverbs 18:10. 3. That his case having much in it of difficulty, both in respect of duty and in respect of prudence, he might be under the divine guidance: “Lord, lead me and guide me (Psalms 31:3), so order my steps, so order my spirit, that I may never do any thing unlawful and unjustifiable — against my conscience, nor unwise and indiscreet — against my interest.” Those that resolve to follow God's direction may in faith pray for it. 4. That his enemies being very crafty, as well as very spiteful, God would frustrate and baffle their designs against him (Psalms 31:4): “Pull me out of the net that they have laid privily for me, and keep me from the sin, the trouble, the death, they aim to entrap me in.”

_ _ II. In this prayer he gives glory to God by a repeated profession of his confidence in him and dependence on him. This encouraged his prayers and qualified him for the mercies he prayed for (Psalms 31:1): “In thee, O Lord! do I put my trust, and not in myself, or any sufficiency of my own, or in any creature; let me never be ashamed, let me not be disappointed of any of that good which thou hast promised me and which therefore I have promised myself in thee.” 1. He had chosen God for his protector, and God had, by his promise, undertaken to be so (Psalms 31:3): “Thou art my rock and my fortress, by thy covenant with me and my believing consent to that covenant; therefore be my strong rock,Psalms 31:2. Those that have in sincerity avouched the Lord for theirs may expect the benefit of his being so; for God's relations to us carry with them both name and thing. Thou art my strength, Psalms 31:4. If God be our strength, we may hope that he will both put his strength in us and put forth his strength for us. 2. He gave up his soul in a special manner to him (Psalms 31:5): Into thy hands I commit my spirit. (1.) If David here looks upon himself as a dying man, by these words he resigns his departing soul to God who gave it, and to whom, at death, the spirit returns. “Men can but kill the body, but I trust in God to redeem my soul from the power of the grave,Psalms 49:15. He is willing to die if God will have it so; but let my soul fall into the hands of the Lord, for his mercies are great. With these words our Lord Jesus yielded up the ghost upon the cross, and made his soul an offering, a free-will offering for sin, voluntarily laying down his life a ransom. By Stephen's example we are taught in, our dying moment, to eye Christ at God's right hand, and to commit our spirits to him: Lord Jesus, receive my spirit. But, 2. David is here to be looked upon as a man in distress and trouble. And, [1.] His great care is about his soul, his spirit, his better part. Note, Our outward afflictions should increase our concern for our souls. Many think that while they are perplexed about their worldly affairs, and Providence multiplies their cares about them, they may be excused if they neglect their souls; whereas the greater hazard our lives and secular interests lie at the more we are concerned to look to our souls, that, though the outward man perish, the inward man may suffer no damage (2 Corinthians 4:16), and that we may keep possession of our souls when we can keep possession of nothing else, Luke 21:19. [2.] He thinks the best he can do for the soul is to commit it into the hand of God, and lodge that great trust with him. He had prayed (Psalms 31:4) to be plucked out of the net of outward trouble, but, as not insisting upon that (God's will be done), he immediately lets fall that petition, and commits the spirit, the inward man, into God's hand. “Lord, however it goes with me, as to my body, let it go well with my soul.” Note, It is the wisdom and duty of every one of us solemnly to commit our spirits into the hands of God, to be sanctified by his grace, devoted to his honour, employed in his service, and fitted for his kingdom. That which encourages us to commit our spirits into the hand of God is that he has not only created, but redeemed, them; the particular redemptions of the Old Testament church and the Old Testament saints were typical of our redemption by Jesus Christ, Genesis 48:16. The redemption of the soul is so precious that it must have ceased for ever if Christ had not undertaken it; but, by redeeming our souls, he has not only acquired an additional right and title to them, which obliges us to commit them to him as his own, but has shown the extraordinary kindness and concern he has for them, which encourages us to commit them to him, to be preserved to his heavenly kingdom (2 Timothy 1:12): “Thou hast redeemed me, O Lord God of truth! redeem me according to a promise which thou wilt be true to.”

_ _ III. He disclaimed all confederacy with those that made an arm of flesh their confidence (Psalms 31:6): I have hated those that regard lying vanities — idolaters (to some), who expect aid from false gods, which are vanity and a lie — astrologers, and those that give heed to them, so others. David abhorred the use of enchantments and divinations; he consulted not, nor even took notice of, the flight of birds or entrails of beasts, good omens or bad omens; they are lying vanities, and he not only did not regard them himself, but hated the wickedness of those that did. He trusted in God only, and not in any creature. His interest in the court or country, his retreats or strongholds, even Goliath's sword itself — these were lying vanities, which he could not depend upon, but trusted in the Lord only. See Psalms 40:4; Jeremiah 17:5.

_ _ IV. He comforted himself with his hope in God, and made himself, not only easy, but cheerful, with it, Psalms 31:7. Having relied on God's mercy, he will be glad and rejoice in it; and those know not how to value their hope in God who cannot find joy enough in that hope to counterbalance their grievances and silence their griefs.

_ _ V. He encouraged himself in this hope with the experiences he had had of late, and formerly, of God's goodness to him, which he mentions to the glory of God; he that has delivered doth and will. 1. God had taken notice of his afflictions and all the circumstances of them: “Thou hast considered my trouble, with wisdom to suit relief to it, with condescension and compassion regarding the low estate of they servant.” 2. He had observed the temper of his spirit and the workings of his heart under his afflictions: “Thou hast known my soul in adversities, with a tender concern and care for it.” God's eye is upon our souls when we are in trouble, to see whether they be humbled for sin, submissive to the will of God, and bettered by the affliction. If the soul, when cast down under affliction, has been lifted up to him in true devotion, he knows it. 3. He had rescued him out of the hands of Saul when he had him safe enough in Keilah (1 Samuel 23:7): “Thou hast not shut me up into the hand of the enemy, but set me at liberty, in a large room, where I may shift for my own safety,” Psalms 31:8. Christ's using those words (Psalms 31:5) upon the cross may warrant us to apply all this to Christ, who trusted in his Father and was supported and delivered by him, and (because he humbled himself) highly exalted, which it is proper to think of when we sing these verses, as also therein to acknowledge the experience we have had of God's gracious presence with us in our troubles and to encourage ourselves to trust in him for the future.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 31:1

Ashamed — Of my confidence in thy promise. Deliver me — According to thy faithfulness and goodness.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 31:1

"To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David." In thee, O LORD, do I put my trust; let me never be ashamed: deliver me in thy (a) righteousness.

(a) For then God declares himself just, when he preserves his as he has promised.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
am 2943, bc 1061

thee:

Psalms 22:4-5 Our fathers trusted in thee: they trusted, and thou didst deliver them. ... They cried unto thee, and were delivered: they trusted in thee, and were not confounded.
Psalms 25:2 O my God, I trust in thee: let me not be ashamed, let not mine enemies triumph over me.
Psalms 71:1-2 In thee, O LORD, do I put my trust: let me never be put to confusion. ... Deliver me in thy righteousness, and cause me to escape: incline thine ear unto me, and save me.
Isaiah 49:23 And kings shall be thy nursing fathers, and their queens thy nursing mothers: they shall bow down to thee with [their] face toward the earth, and lick up the dust of thy feet; and thou shalt know that I [am] the LORD: for they shall not be ashamed that wait for me.
Romans 5:5 And hope maketh not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given unto us.
Romans 10:11 For the scripture saith, Whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed.

deliver:

Psalms 7:8-9 The LORD shall judge the people: judge me, O LORD, according to my righteousness, and according to mine integrity [that is] in me. ... Oh let the wickedness of the wicked come to an end; but establish the just: for the righteous God trieth the hearts and reins.
Psalms 43:1 Judge me, O God, and plead my cause against an ungodly nation: O deliver me from the deceitful and unjust man.
Psalms 143:1 [[A Psalm of David.]] Hear my prayer, O LORD, give ear to my supplications: in thy faithfulness answer me, [and] in thy righteousness.
Psalms 143:11-12 Quicken me, O LORD, for thy name's sake: for thy righteousness' sake bring my soul out of trouble. ... And of thy mercy cut off mine enemies, and destroy all them that afflict my soul: for I [am] thy servant.
Daniel 9:16 O Lord, according to all thy righteousness, I beseech thee, let thine anger and thy fury be turned away from thy city Jerusalem, thy holy mountain: because for our sins, and for the iniquities of our fathers, Jerusalem and thy people [are become] a reproach to all [that are] about us.
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Ps 7:8; 22:4; 25:2; 43:1; 71:1; 143:1, 11. Is 49:23. Dn 9:16. Ro 5:5; 10:11.

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