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Psalms 30:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [[A Psalm; a Song at the Dedication of the House. [A Psalm] of David.]] I will extol thee, O Jehovah; for thou hast raised me up, And hast not made my foes to rejoice over me.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [[A Psalm [and] Song [at] the dedication of the house of David.]] I will extol thee, O LORD; for thou hast lifted me up, and hast not made my foes to rejoice over me.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [[A Psalm; a Song at the Dedication of the House. [A Psalm] of David.]] I will extol You, O LORD, for You have lifted me up, And have not let my enemies rejoice over me.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [[A Psalm [and] Song, [at] the dedication of the house of David.]] I will extol thee, O LORD; for thou hast lifted me up, and hast not made my foes to rejoice over me.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— [[A Psalm of David: dedication-song of the house.]] I will extol thee, Jehovah; for thou hast delivered me, and hast not made mine enemies to rejoice over me.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [[A Melody. A Song for the Dedication of the House. David's.]] I will extol thee, O Yahweh, for thou hast drawn me up,—and not suffered my foes to rejoice over me.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A Psalm.—A song of the dedication of the house of David. I exalt Thee, O Jehovah, For Thou hast drawn me up, and hast not let mine enemies rejoice over me.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— A psalm of a canticle, at the dedication of David's house. I will extol thee, O Lord, for thou hast upheld me: and hast not made my enemies to rejoice over me.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— [[A Psalme, [and] song [at] the dedication of the house of Dauid.]] I wil extol thee, O LORD, for thou hast lifted me vp; and hast not made my foes to reioyce ouer me.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [[For the end, a Psalm and Song at the dedication of the house of David.]] I will exalt thee, O Lord; for thou hast lifted me up, and not caused mine enemies to rejoice over me.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [[A Psalm [and] Song [at] the dedication of the house of Dawid.]] I will extol thee, O Yahweh; for thou hast lifted me up, and hast not made my foes to rejoice over me.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[[A Psalm 4210
{4210} Prime
מִזְמוֹר
mizmowr
{miz-more'}
From H2167; properly instrumental music; by implication a poem set to notes.
[and] Song 7892
{7892} Prime
שִׁיר
shiyr
{sheer}
The second form being feminine; from H7891; a song; abstractly singing.
[at] the dedication 2598
{2598} Prime
חֲנֻכָּה
chanukkah
{khan-ook-kaw'}
From H2596; initiation, that is, consecration.
of the house 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
of Dwi דָּוִד.]] 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
I will extol 7311
{7311} Prime
רוּם
ruwm
{room}
A primitive root; to be high actively to rise or raise (in various applications, literally or figuratively).
z8787
<8787> Grammar
Stem - Polel (See H8847)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 72
thee, O Yhw יָהוֶה; 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
thou hast lifted me up, 1802
{1802} Prime
דָּלָה
dalah
{daw-law'}
A primitive root (compare H1809); properly to dangle, that is, to let down a bucket (for drawing out water); figuratively to deliver.
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
and hast not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
made my foes 341
{0341} Prime
אֹיֵב
'oyeb
{o-yabe'}
Active participle of H0340; hating; an adversary.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
to rejoice 8055
{8055} Prime
שָׂמַח
samach
{saw-makh'}
A primitive root; probably to brighten up, that is, (figuratively) be (causatively make) blithe or gleesome.
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
over me.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 30:1

_ _ Psalms 30:1-12. Literally, “A Psalm-Song” — a composition to be sung with musical instruments, or without them — or, “Song of the dedication,” etc. specifying the particular character of the Psalm. Some suppose that of David should be connected with the name of the composition, and not with “house”; and refer for the occasion to the selection of a site for the temple (1 Chronicles 21:26-30; 1 Chronicles 22:1). But “house” is never used absolutely for the temple, and “dedication” does not well apply to such an occasion. Though the phrase in the Hebrew, “dedication of the house of David,” is an unusual form, yet it is equally unusual to disconnect the name of the author and the composition. As a “dedication of David’s house” (as provided, Deuteronomy 20:5), the scope of the Psalm well corresponds with the state of repose and meditation on his past trials suited to such an occasion (2 Samuel 5:11; 2 Samuel 7:2). For beginning with a celebration of God’s delivering favor, in which he invites others to join, he relates his prayer in distress, and God’s gracious and prompt answer.

_ _ lifted me up — as one is drawn from a well (Psalms 40:2).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 30:1-5

_ _ It was the laudable practice of the pious Jews, and, though not expressly appointed, yet allowed and accepted, when they had built a new house, to dedicate it to God, Deuteronomy 20:5. David did so when his house was built, and he took possession of it (2 Samuel 5:11); for royal palaces do as much need God's protection, and are as much bound to be at his service, as ordinary houses. Note, The houses we dwell in should, at our first entrance upon them, be dedicated to God, as little sanctuaries. We must solemnly commit ourselves, our families, and all our family affairs, to God's guidance and care, must pray for his presence and blessing, must devote ourselves and all ours to his glory, and must resolve both that we put away iniquity far from our tabernacles and that we and our houses will serve the Lord both in the duties of family worship and in all instances of gospel obedience. Some conjecture that this psalm was sung at the re-dedication of David's house, after he had been driven out of it by Absalom, who had defiled it with his incest, and that it is a thanksgiving for the crushing of that dangerous rebellion. In these verses,

_ _ I. David does himself give God thanks for the great deliverances he had wrought for him (Psalms 30:1): “I will extol thee, O Lord! I will exalt thy name, will praise thee as one high and lifted up, I will do what I can to advance the interest of thy kingdom among men. I will extol thee, for thou hast lifted me up, not only up out of the pit in which I was sinking, but up to the throne of Israel.” He raiseth up the poor out of the dust. In consideration of the great things God has done to exalt us, both by his providence and by his grace, we are bound, in gratitude, to do all we can to extol his name, though the most we can do is but little. Three thing magnify David's deliverance: — 1. That it was the defeat of his enemies. They were not suffered to triumph over him, as they would have done (though it is a barbarous thing) if he had died of this sickness or perished in this distress: see Psalms 41:11. 2. That it was an answer to his prayers (Psalms 30:2): I cried unto thee. All the expressions of the sense we have of our troubles should be directed to God, and every cry be a cry to him; and giving way, in this manner, to our grief, will ease a burdened spirit. “I cried to thee, and thou hast not only heard me, but healed me, healed the distempered body, healed the disturbed and disquieted mind, healed the disordered distracted affairs of the kingdom.” This is what God glories in, I am the Lord that healeth thee (Exodus 15:26), and we must give him the glory of it. 3. That it was the saving of his life; for he was brought to the last extremity, dropping into the grave, and ready to go down into the pit, and yet rescued and kept alive, Psalms 30:3. The more imminent our dangers have been, the more eminent our deliverances have been, the more comfortable are they to ourselves and the more illustrious proofs of the power and goodness of God. A life from the dead ought to be spent in extolling the God of our life.

_ _ II. He calls upon others to join with him in praise, not only for the particular favours God has bestowed upon him, but for the general tokens of his good-will to all his saints (Psalms 30:4): Sing unto the Lord, O you saints of his! All that are truly saints he owns for his. There is a remnant of such in this world, and from them it is expected that they sing unto him; for they are created and sanctified, made and made saints, that they may be to him for a name and a praise. His saints in heaven sing to him; why should not those on earth be doing the same work, as well as they can, in concert with them? 1. They believe him to be a God of unspotted purity; and therefore let them sing to him; “Let them give thanks at the remembrance of his holiness; let them praise his holy name, for holiness is his memorial throughout all generations.” God is a holy God; his holiness is his glory; that is the attribute which the holy angels, in their praises, fasten most upon, Isaiah 6:3; Revelation 4:8. We ought to be much in the mention and remembrance of God's holiness. It is a matter of joy to the saints that God is a holy God; for then they hope he will make them holy, more holy. None of all God's perfections carries in it more terror to the wicked, nor more comfort to the godly, than his holiness. It is a good sign that we are in some measure partakers of his holiness if we can heartily rejoice and give thanks at the remembrance of it. 2. They have experienced him to be a God gracious and merciful; and therefore let them sing to him. (1.) We have found his frowns very short. Though we have deserved that they should be everlasting, and that he should be angry with us till he had consumed us, and should never be reconciled, yet his anger endureth but for a moment, Psalms 30:5. When we offend him he is angry; but, as he is slow to anger and not soon provoked, so when he is angry, upon our repentance and humiliation his anger is soon turned away and he is willing to be at peace with us. If he hide his face from his own children, and suspend the wonted tokens of his favour, it is but in a little wrath, and for a small moment; but he will gather them with everlasting kindness, Isaiah 54:7, Isaiah 54:8. If weeping endureth for a night, and it be a wearisome night, yet as sure as the light of the morning returns after the darkness of the night, so sure will joy and comfort return in a short time, in due time, to the people of God; for the covenant of grace is as firm as the covenant of the day. This word has often been fulfilled to us in the letter. Weeping has endured for a night, but the grief has been soon over and the grievance gone. Observe, As long as God's anger continues so long the saints' weeping continues; but, if that be but for a moment, the affliction is but for a moment, and when the light of God's countenance is restored the affliction is easily pronounced light and momentary. (2.) We have found his smiles very sweet; In his favour is life, that is, all good. The return of his favour to an afflicted soul is as life from the dead; nothing can be more reviving. Our happiness is bound up in God's favour; if we have that, we have enough, whatever else we want. It is the life of the soul, it is spiritual life, the earnest of life eternal.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 30:1

"A Psalm [and] Song [at] the dedication of the (a) house of David." I will extol thee, O LORD; (b) for thou hast lifted me up, and hast not made my foes to rejoice over me.

(a) After Absalom had polluted it with most filthy fornication.

(b) He condemns them for great ingratitude who do not praise God for his benefits.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
at the:

Deuteronomy 20:5 And the officers shall speak unto the people, saying, What man [is there] that hath built a new house, and hath not dedicated it? let him go and return to his house, lest he die in the battle, and another man dedicate it.
2 Samuel 5:11 And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees, and carpenters, and masons: and they built David an house.
2 Samuel 6:20 Then David returned to bless his household. And Michal the daughter of Saul came out to meet David, and said, How glorious was the king of Israel to day, who uncovered himself to day in the eyes of the handmaids of his servants, as one of the vain fellows shamelessly uncovereth himself!
2 Samuel 7:2 That the king said unto Nathan the prophet, See now, I dwell in an house of cedar, but the ark of God dwelleth within curtains.
2 Samuel 20:3 And David came to his house at Jerusalem; and the king took the ten women [his] concubines, whom he had left to keep the house, and put them in ward, and fed them, but went not in unto them. So they were shut up unto the day of their death, living in widowhood.

extol:

Psalms 34:3-4 O magnify the LORD with me, and let us exalt his name together. ... I sought the LORD, and he heard me, and delivered me from all my fears.
Psalms 66:17 I cried unto him with my mouth, and he was extolled with my tongue.
Psalms 145:1 [[David's [Psalm] of praise.]] I will extol thee, my God, O king; and I will bless thy name for ever and ever.
Daniel 4:37 Now I Nebuchadnezzar praise and extol and honour the King of heaven, all whose works [are] truth, and his ways judgment: and those that walk in pride he is able to abase.

for:

Psalms 27:6 And now shall mine head be lifted up above mine enemies round about me: therefore will I offer in his tabernacle sacrifices of joy; I will sing, yea, I will sing praises unto the LORD.
Psalms 28:9 Save thy people, and bless thine inheritance: feed them also, and lift them up for ever.

hast not:

Psalms 13:4 Lest mine enemy say, I have prevailed against him; [and] those that trouble me rejoice when I am moved.
Psalms 25:2 O my God, I trust in thee: let me not be ashamed, let not mine enemies triumph over me.
Psalms 35:19 Let not them that are mine enemies wrongfully rejoice over me: [neither] let them wink with the eye that hate me without a cause.
Psalms 35:24-25 Judge me, O LORD my God, according to thy righteousness; and let them not rejoice over me. ... Let them not say in their hearts, Ah, so would we have it: let them not say, We have swallowed him up.
Psalms 41:11 By this I know that thou favourest me, because mine enemy doth not triumph over me.
Psalms 79:4 We are become a reproach to our neighbours, a scorn and derision to them that are round about us.
Psalms 79:10 Wherefore should the heathen say, Where [is] their God? let him be known among the heathen in our sight [by] the revenging of the blood of thy servants [which is] shed.
Psalms 89:41-46 All that pass by the way spoil him: he is a reproach to his neighbours. ... How long, LORD? wilt thou hide thyself for ever? shall thy wrath burn like fire?
Psalms 140:8 Grant not, O LORD, the desires of the wicked: further not his wicked device; [lest] they exalt themselves. Selah.
Lamentations 2:15 All that pass by clap [their] hands at thee; they hiss and wag their head at the daughter of Jerusalem, [saying, Is] this the city that [men] call The perfection of beauty, The joy of the whole earth?
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