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Psalms 26:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [[[A Psalm] of David.]] Judge me, O Jehovah, for I have walked in mine integrity: I have trusted also in Jehovah without wavering.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [[[A Psalm] of David.]] Judge me, O LORD; for I have walked in mine integrity: I have trusted also in the LORD; [therefore] I shall not slide.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [[[A Psalm] of David.]] Vindicate me, O LORD, for I have walked in my integrity, And I have trusted in the LORD without wavering.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [[[A Psalm] of David.]] Judge me, O LORD; for I have walked in my integrity: I have trusted also in the LORD; [therefore] I shall not slide.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— [[[A Psalm] of David.]] Judge me, O Jehovah, for I have walked in mine integrity, and I have confided in Jehovah: I shall not slip.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [[David's.]] Do me justice, O Yahweh, For, I, in my blamelessness, have walked, and, in Yahweh, have I trusted, I will not waver.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— By David. Judge me, O Jehovah, for I in mine integrity have walked, And in Jehovah I have trusted, I slide not.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Unto the end, a psalm for David. Judge me, O Lord, for I have walked in my innocence: and I have put my trust in the Lord, and shall not be weakened.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— [[A [Psalme] of Dauid.]] Iudge me, O LORD, for I haue walked in mine integritie: I haue trusted also in the LORD: [therfore] I shall not slide.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [[[A Psalm] of David.]] Judge me, O Lord; for I have walked in my innocence: and hoping in the Lord I shall not be moved.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [[[A Psalm] of Dawid.]] Judge me, O Yahweh; for I have walked in mine integrity: I have trusted also in Yahweh; [therefore] I shall not slide.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[[[A Psalm] of Dwi דָּוִד.]] 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
Judge 8199
{8199} Prime
שָׁפַט
shaphat
{shaw-fat'}
A primitive root; to judge, that is, pronounce sentence (for or against); by implication to vindicate or punish; by extension to govern; passively to litigate (literally or figuratively).
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
me, O Yhw יָהוֶה; 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
I x589
(0589) Complement
אֲנִי
'aniy
{an-ee'}
Contracted from H0595; I.
have walked 1980
{1980} Prime
הָלַךְ
halak
{haw-lak'}
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
in mine integrity: 8537
{8537} Prime
תֹּם
tom
{tome}
From H8552; completeness; figuratively prosperity; usually (morally) innocence.
I have trusted 982
{0982} Prime
בָּטַח
batach
{baw-takh'}
A primitive root; properly to hie for refuge (but not so precipitately as H2620); figuratively to trust, be confident or sure.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
also in Yhw יָהוֶה; 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
[therefore] I shall not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
slide. 4571
{4571} Prime
מָעַד
ma`ad
{maw-ad'}
A primitive root; to waver.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 26:1

_ _ Psalms 26:1-12. After appealing to God’s judgment on his avowed integrity and innocence of the charges laid by his enemies, the Psalmist professes delight in God’s worship, and prays for exemption from the fate of the wicked, expressing assurance of God’s favor.

_ _ Judge — decide on my case; the appeal of innocence.

_ _ in mine integrity — freedom from blemish (compare Psalms 25:21). His confidence of perseverance results from trust in God’s sustaining grace.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 26:1-5

_ _ It is probable that David penned this psalm when he was persecuted by Saul and his party, who, to give some colour to their unjust rage, represented him as a very bad man, and falsely accused him of many high crimes and misdemeanors, dressed him up in the skins of wild beasts that they might bait him. Innocency itself is no fence to the name, though it is to the bosom, against the darts of calumny. Herein he was a type of Christ, who was made a reproach of men, and foretold to his followers that they also must have all manner of evil said against them falsely. Now see what David does in this case.

_ _ I. He appeals to God's righteous sentence (Psalms 26:1): “Judge me, O God! be thou Judge between me and my accusers, between the persecutor and the poor prisoner; bring me off with honour, and put those to shame that falsely accuse me.” Saul, who was himself supreme judge in Israel, was his adversary, so that in a controversy with him he could appeal to no other then to God himself. As to his offences against God, he prays, Lord, enter not into judgment with me (Psalms 143:2), remember not my transgressions (Psalms 25:7), in which he appeals to God's mercy; but, as to his offences against Saul, he appeals to God's justice and begs of him to judge for him, as Psalms 43:1. Or thus: he cannot justify himself against the charge of sin; he owns his iniquity is great and he is undone if God, in his infinite mercy, do not forgive him; but he can justify himself against the charge of hypocrisy, and has reason to hope that, according to the tenour of the covenant of grace, he is one of those that may expect to find favour with God. Thus holy Job often owns he has sinned and yet he holds fast his integrity. Note, It is a comfort to those who are falsely accused that there is a righteous God, who, sooner or later, will clear up their innocency, and a comfort to all who are sincere in religion that God himself is a witness to their sincerity.

_ _ II. He submits to his unerring search (Psalms 26:2): Examine me, O Lord! and prove me, as gold is proved, whether it be standard. God knows every man's true character, for he knows the thoughts and intents of the heart, as sees through every disguise. David prays, Lord, examine me, which intimates that he was well pleased that God did know him and truly desirous that he would discover him to himself and discover him to all the world. So sincere was he in his devotion to his God and his loyalty to his prince (in both which he was suspected to be a pretender) that he wished he had a window in his bosom, that whoever would might look into his heart.

_ _ III. He solemnly protests his sincerity (Psalms 26:1): “I have walked in my integrity; my conversation had agreed with my profession, and one part of it has been of a piece with another.” It is vain to boast of our integrity unless we can make it out that by the grace of God we have walked in our integrity, and that our conversation in the world has been in simplicity and godly sincerity. He produces here several proofs of his integrity, which encouraged him to trust in the Lord as his righteous Judge, who would patronise and plead his righteous cause, with an assurance that he should come off with reputation (therefore I shall not slide), and that those should not prevail who consulted to cast him down from his excellency, to shake his faith, blemish his name, and prevent his coming to the crown, Psalms 62:4. Those that are sincere in religion may trust in God that they shall not slide, that is, that they shall not apostasize from their religion.

_ _ 1. He had a constant regard to God and to his grace, Psalms 26:3. (1.) He aimed at God's good favour as his end and chief good: Thy loving-kindness is before my eyes. This will be a good evidence of our sincerity, if what we do in religion we do from a principle of love to God, and good thoughts of him as the best of beings and the best of friends and benefactors, and from a grateful sense of God's goodness to us in particular, which we have had the experience of all our days. If we set God's loving-kindness before us as our pattern, to which we endeavour to conform ourselves, being followers of him that is good, in his goodness (1 Peter 3:13), — if we set it before us as our great engagement and encouragement to our duty, and are afraid of doing any thing to forfeit God's favour and in care by all means to keep ourselves in his love, — this will not only be a good evidence of our integrity, but will have a great influence upon our perseverance in it. (2.) He governed himself by the word of God as his rule: “I have walked in thy truth, that is, according to thy law, for thy law is truth.” Note, Those only may expect the benefit of God's loving-kindness that live up to his truths, and his laws that are grounded upon them. Some understand it of his conforming himself to God's example in truth and faithfulness, as well as in goodness and loving-kindness. Those certainly walk well that are followers of God as dear children.

_ _ 2. He had no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, nor with the workers of those works, Psalms 26:4, Psalms 26:5. By this it appeared he was truly loyal to his prince that he never associated with those that were disaffected to his government, with any of those sons of Belial that despised him, 1 Samuel 10:27. He was in none of their cabals, nor joined with them in any of their intrigues; he cursed not the king, no, not in his heart. And this also was an evidence of his faithfulness to his God, that he never associated with those who he had any reason to think were disaffected to religion, or were open enemies, or false friends, to its interests. Note, Great care to avoid bad company is both a good evidence of our integrity and a good means to preserve us in it. Now observe here, (1.) That this part of his protestation looks both backward upon the care he had hitherto taken in this matter, and forward upon the care he would still take: “I have not sat with them, and I will not go in with them.” Note, Our good practices hitherto are then evidence of our integrity when they are accompanied with resolutions, in God's strength, to persevere in them to the end, and not to draw back; and our good resolutions for the future we may then take the comfort of when they are the continuation of our good practices hitherto. (2.) That David shunned the company, not only of wicked persons, but of vain persons, that were wholly addicted to mirth and gaiety and had nothing solid or serious in them. The company of such may perhaps be the more pernicious of the two to a good man because he will not be so ready to stand upon his guard against the contagion of vanity as against that of downright wickedness. (3.) That the company of dissemblers is as dangerous company as any, and as much to be shunned, in prudence as well as piety. Evil-doers pretend friendship to those whom they would decoy into their snares, but they dissemble. When they speak fair, believe them not. (4.) Though sometimes he could not avoid being in the company of bad people, yet he would not go in with them, he would not choose such for his companions nor seek an opportunity of acquaintance and converse with them. He might fall in with them, but he would not, by appointment and assignation, go in with them. Or, if he happened to be with them, he would not sit with them, he would not continue with them; he would be in their company no longer than his business made it necessary: he would not concur with them, not say as they said, nor do as they did, as those that sit in the seat of the scornful, Psalms 1:1. He would not sit in counsel with them upon ways and means to do mischief, nor sit in judgment with them to condemn the generation of the righteous. (5.) We must not only in our practice avoid bad company, but in our principles and affections we must have an aversion to it. David here says, not only “I have shunned it,” but, “I have hated it,Psalms 139:21. (6.) The congregation of evil-doers, the club, the confederacy of them, is in a special manner hateful to good people. I have hated ecclesiam malignantiumthe church of the malignant; so the vulgar Latin reads its. As good men, in concert, make one another better, and are enabled to do so much the more good, so bad men, in combination, make one another worse, and do so much the more mischief. In all this David was a type of Christ, who, though he received sinners and ate with them, to instruct them and do them good, yet, otherwise, was holy, harmless, undefiled, and separate from sinners, particularly from the Pharisees, those dissemblers. He was also an example to Christians, when they join themselves to Christ, to save themselves from this untoward generation, Acts 2:40.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 26:1

Trusted — I have committed my cause and affairs to thee.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 26:1

"[A Psalm] of David." Judge me, (a) O LORD; for I have walked in mine integrity: I have trusted also in the LORD; [therefore] I shall not slide.

(a) He flees to God to be the judge of his just cause, seeing there is no equity among men.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Judge:

Psalms 7:8 The LORD shall judge the people: judge me, O LORD, according to my righteousness, and according to mine integrity [that is] in me.
Psalms 35:24 Judge me, O LORD my God, according to thy righteousness; and let them not rejoice over me.
Psalms 43:1 Judge me, O God, and plead my cause against an ungodly nation: O deliver me from the deceitful and unjust man.
Psalms 54:1 [[To the chief Musician on Neginoth, Maschil, [A Psalm] of David, when the Ziphims came and said to Saul, Doth not David hide himself with us?]] Save me, O God, by thy name, and judge me by thy strength.
1 Samuel 24:15 The LORD therefore be judge, and judge between me and thee, and see, and plead my cause, and deliver me out of thine hand.
*marg.
1 Corinthians 4:3-6 But with me it is a very small thing that I should be judged of you, or of man's judgment: yea, I judge not mine own self. ... And these things, brethren, I have in a figure transferred to myself and [to] Apollos for your sakes; that ye might learn in us not to think [of men] above that which is written, that no one of you be puffed up for one against another.

for:

Psalms 26:11 But as for me, I will walk in mine integrity: redeem me, and be merciful unto me.
Psalms 15:2 He that walketh uprightly, and worketh righteousness, and speaketh the truth in his heart.
Psalms 25:21 Let integrity and uprightness preserve me; for I wait on thee.
2 Kings 20:3 I beseech thee, O LORD, remember now how I have walked before thee in truth and with a perfect heart, and have done [that which is] good in thy sight. And Hezekiah wept sore.
Proverbs 20:7 The just [man] walketh in his integrity: his children [are] blessed after him.
2 Corinthians 1:12 For our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our conscience, that in simplicity and godly sincerity, not with fleshly wisdom, but by the grace of God, we have had our conversation in the world, and more abundantly to you-ward.

trusted:

Psalms 4:5 Offer the sacrifices of righteousness, and put your trust in the LORD.
Psalms 25:2 O my God, I trust in thee: let me not be ashamed, let not mine enemies triumph over me.
Psalms 28:7 The LORD [is] my strength and my shield; my heart trusted in him, and I am helped: therefore my heart greatly rejoiceth; and with my song will I praise him.
Psalms 31:14 But I trusted in thee, O LORD: I said, Thou [art] my God.
Proverbs 29:25 The fear of man bringeth a snare: but whoso putteth his trust in the LORD shall be safe.

I shall:

Psalms 21:7 For the king trusteth in the LORD, and through the mercy of the most High he shall not be moved.
Psalms 37:31 The law of his God [is] in his heart; none of his steps shall slide.
Psalms 62:2 He only [is] my rock and my salvation; [he is] my defence; I shall not be greatly moved.
Psalms 62:6 He only [is] my rock and my salvation: [he is] my defence; I shall not be moved.
Psalms 94:18 When I said, My foot slippeth; thy mercy, O LORD, held me up.
Psalms 121:3 He will not suffer thy foot to be moved: he that keepeth thee will not slumber.
Psalms 121:7-8 The LORD shall preserve thee from all evil: he shall preserve thy soul. ... The LORD shall preserve thy going out and thy coming in from this time forth, and even for evermore.
1 Samuel 2:9 He will keep the feet of his saints, and the wicked shall be silent in darkness; for by strength shall no man prevail.
1 Peter 1:5 Who are kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.
2 Peter 1:10 Wherefore the rather, brethren, give diligence to make your calling and election sure: for if ye do these things, ye shall never fall:
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1S 2:9; 24:15. 2K 20:3. Ps 4:5; 7:8; 15:2; 21:7; 25:2, 21; 26:11; 28:7; 31:14; 35:24; 37:31; 43:1; 54:1; 62:2, 6; 94:18; 121:3, 7. Pv 20:7; 29:25. 1Co 4:3. 2Co 1:12. 1P 1:5. 2P 1:10.

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