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Psalms 24:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— He that hath clean hands, and a pure heart; Who hath not lifted up his soul unto falsehood, And hath not sworn deceitfully.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— He that hath clean hands, and a pure heart; who hath not lifted up his soul unto vanity, nor sworn deceitfully.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— He who has clean hands and a pure heart, Who has not lifted up his soul to falsehood And has not sworn deceitfully.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— He that hath clean hands, and a pure heart; who hath not lifted up his soul to vanity, nor sworn deceitfully.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— He that hath blameless hands and a pure heart; who lifteth not up his soul unto vanity, nor sweareth deceitfully:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The clean of hands, and pure of heart,—who hath not uplifted, to falsehood, his soul, nor sworn deceitfully,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The clean of hands, and pure of heart, Who hath not lifted up to vanity his soul, Nor hath sworn to deceit.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The innocent in hands, and clean of heart, who hath not taken his soul in vain, nor sworn deceitfully to his neighbour.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— He that hath cleane hands, and a pure heart; who hath not lift vp his soule vnto vanitie, nor sworne deceitfully.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— He that is innocent in his hands and pure in his heart; who has not lifted up his soul to vanity, nor sworn deceitfully to his neighbour.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— He that hath clean hands, and a pure heart; who hath not lifted up his soul unto vanity, nor sworn deceitfully.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
He that hath clean 5355
{5355} Prime
נָקִי
naqiy
{naw-kee'}
From H5352; innocent.
hands, 3709
{3709} Prime
כַּף
kaph
{kaf}
From H3721; the hollow hand or palm (so of the paw of an animal, of the sole, and even of the bowl of a dish or sling, the handle of a bolt, the leaves of a palm tree); figuratively power.
and a pure 1249
{1249} Prime
בַּר
bar
{bar}
From H1305 (in its various senses); beloved; also pure, empty.
heart; 3824
{3824} Prime
לֵבָב
lebab
{lay-bawb'}
From H3823; the heart (as the most interior organ); used also like H3820.
who x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
hath not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
lifted up 5375
{5375} Prime
נָשָׂא
nasa'
{naw-saw'}
A primitive root; to lift, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, absolutely and relatively.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
his soul 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
unto vanity, 7723
{7723} Prime
שָׁוְא
shav'
{shawv}
From the same as H7722 in the sense of desolating; evil (as destructive), literally (ruin) or morally (especially guile); figuratively idolatry (as false, subjectively), uselessness (as deceptive, objectively; also adverbially in vain).
nor x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
sworn 7650
{7650} Prime
שָׁבַע
shaba`
{shaw-bah'}
A primitive root; properly to be complete, but used only as a denominative from H7651; to seven oneself, that is, swear (as if by repeating a declaration seven times).
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
deceitfully. 4820
{4820} Prime
מִרְמָה
mirmah
{meer-maw'}
From H7411 in the sense of deceiving; fraud.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 24:3-4.


Psalms 24:4

_ _ lifted up his soul — is to set the affections (Psalms 25:1) on an object; here,

_ _ vanity — or, any false thing, of which swearing falsely, or to falsehood, is a specification.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 24:3-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 24:4

He — Whose actions and conversation are holy and unblameable. Pure heart — Careful to approve itself to God, as well as to men; ordering a man's very thoughts and affections according to God's word. Vanity — Who doth not value or desire the vain things of this life, such as honours, riches, pleasures; but makes God his portion.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
He that:
etc. Heb. the clean of hands,
Psalms 18:20 The LORD rewarded me according to my righteousness; according to the cleanness of my hands hath he recompensed me.
Psalms 26:6 I will wash mine hands in innocency: so will I compass thine altar, O LORD:
Job 9:30 If I wash myself with snow water, and make my hands never so clean;
Job 17:9 The righteous also shall hold on his way, and he that hath clean hands shall be stronger and stronger.
Isaiah 1:15-16 And when ye spread forth your hands, I will hide mine eyes from you: yea, when ye make many prayers, I will not hear: your hands are full of blood. ... Wash you, make you clean; put away the evil of your doings from before mine eyes; cease to do evil;
Isaiah 33:15-16 He that walketh righteously, and speaketh uprightly; he that despiseth the gain of oppressions, that shaketh his hands from holding of bribes, that stoppeth his ears from hearing of blood, and shutteth his eyes from seeing evil; ... He shall dwell on high: his place of defence [shall be] the munitions of rocks: bread shall be given him; his waters [shall be] sure.
1 Timothy 2:8 I will therefore that men pray every where, lifting up holy hands, without wrath and doubting.
James 4:8 Draw nigh to God, and he will draw nigh to you. Cleanse [your] hands, [ye] sinners; and purify [your] hearts, [ye] double minded.

pure:

Psalms 51:10 Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me.
Psalms 73:1 [[A Psalm of Asaph.]] Truly God [is] good to Israel, [even] to such as are of a clean heart.
Genesis 6:5 And GOD saw that the wickedness of man [was] great in the earth, and [that] every imagination of the thoughts of his heart [was] only evil continually.
Proverbs 20:9 Who can say, I have made my heart clean, I am pure from my sin?
Jeremiah 4:14 O Jerusalem, wash thine heart from wickedness, that thou mayest be saved. How long shall thy vain thoughts lodge within thee?
Matthew 5:8 Blessed [are] the pure in heart: for they shall see God.
Acts 15:9 And put no difference between us and them, purifying their hearts by faith.
2 Corinthians 7:1 Having therefore these promises, dearly beloved, let us cleanse ourselves from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, perfecting holiness in the fear of God.
Revelation 21:1-4 And I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the first earth were passed away; and there was no more sea. ... And God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes; and there shall be no more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither shall there be any more pain: for the former things are passed away.
Revelation 21:27 And there shall in no wise enter into it any thing that defileth, neither [whatsoever] worketh abomination, or [maketh] a lie: but they which are written in the Lamb's book of life.
Revelation 22:14-15 Blessed [are] they that do his commandments, that they may have right to the tree of life, and may enter in through the gates into the city. ... For without [are] dogs, and sorcerers, and whoremongers, and murderers, and idolaters, and whosoever loveth and maketh a lie.

lifted:

Psalms 25:1 [[[A Psalm] of David.]] Unto thee, O LORD, do I lift up my soul.
Psalms 143:8 Cause me to hear thy lovingkindness in the morning; for in thee do I trust: cause me to know the way wherein I should walk; for I lift up my soul unto thee.
Deuteronomy 4:19 And lest thou lift up thine eyes unto heaven, and when thou seest the sun, and the moon, and the stars, [even] all the host of heaven, shouldest be driven to worship them, and serve them, which the LORD thy God hath divided unto all nations under the whole heaven.
Ezekiel 18:6 [And] hath not eaten upon the mountains, neither hath lifted up his eyes to the idols of the house of Israel, neither hath defiled his neighbour's wife, neither hath come near to a menstruous woman,
Ezekiel 18:15 [That] hath not eaten upon the mountains, neither hath lifted up his eyes to the idols of the house of Israel, hath not defiled his neighbour's wife,
Acts 14:15 And saying, Sirs, why do ye these things? We also are men of like passions with you, and preach unto you that ye should turn from these vanities unto the living God, which made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and all things that are therein:

sworn:

Psalms 15:4 In whose eyes a vile person is contemned; but he honoureth them that fear the LORD. [He that] sweareth to [his own] hurt, and changeth not.
Jeremiah 5:2 And though they say, The LORD liveth; surely they swear falsely.
Jeremiah 7:9-10 Will ye steal, murder, and commit adultery, and swear falsely, and burn incense unto Baal, and walk after other gods whom ye know not; ... And come and stand before me in this house, which is called by my name, and say, We are delivered to do all these abominations?
Zechariah 5:3-4 Then said he unto me, This [is] the curse that goeth forth over the face of the whole earth: for every one that stealeth shall be cut off [as] on this side according to it; and every one that sweareth shall be cut off [as] on that side according to it. ... I will bring it forth, saith the LORD of hosts, and it shall enter into the house of the thief, and into the house of him that sweareth falsely by my name: and it shall remain in the midst of his house, and shall consume it with the timber thereof and the stones thereof.
Malachi 3:5 And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers, and against false swearers, and against those that oppress the hireling in [his] wages, the widow, and the fatherless, and that turn aside the stranger [from his right], and fear not me, saith the LORD of hosts.
1 Timothy 1:10 For whoremongers, for them that defile themselves with mankind, for menstealers, for liars, for perjured persons, and if there be any other thing that is contrary to sound doctrine;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 6:5. Dt 4:19. Jb 9:30; 17:9. Ps 15:4; 18:20; 25:1; 26:6; 51:10; 73:1; 143:8. Pv 20:9. Is 1:15; 33:15. Jr 4:14; 5:2; 7:9. Ezk 18:6, 15. Zc 5:3. Mal 3:5. Mt 5:8. Ac 14:15; 15:9. 2Co 7:1. 1Ti 1:10; 2:8. Jm 4:8. Rv 21:1, 27; 22:14.

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