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Psalms 23:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies: Thou hast anointed my head with oil; My cup runneth over.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies: thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies; You have anointed my head with oil; My cup overflows.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of my enemies: thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies; thou hast anointed my head with oil; my cup runneth over.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Thou spreadest before me a table, in face of mine adversaries, Thou hast anointed, with oil, my head, My cup, hath run over.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Thou arrangest before me a table, Over-against my adversaries, Thou hast anointed with oil my head, My cup is full!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thou hast prepared a table before me against them that afflict me. Thou hast anointed my head with oil; and my chalice which inebreateth me, how goodly is it!
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Thou preparest a table before me, in the presence of mine enemies: thou anointest my head with oyle, my cuppe runneth ouer.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Thou has prepared a table before me in presence of them that afflict me: thou hast thoroughly anointed my head with oil; and thy cup cheers me like the best [wine].
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies: thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Thou preparest 6186
{6186} Prime
עָרַךְ
`arak
{aw-rak'}
A primitive root; to set in a row, that is, arrange, put in order (in a very wide variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
a table 7979
{7979} Prime
שֻׁלְחָן
shulchan
{shool-khawn'}
From H7971; a table (as spread out); by implication a meal.
before 6440
{6440} Prime
פָּנִים
paniym
{paw-neem'}
Plural (but always used as a singular) of an unused noun (פָּנֶה paneh, {paw-neh'}; from H6437); the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.).
me in the presence x5048
(5048) Complement
נֶגֶד
neged
{neh'-ghed}
From H5046; a front, that is, part opposite; specifically a counterpart, or mate; usually (adverbially, especially with preposition) over against or before.
of mine enemies: 6887
{6887} Prime
צָרַר
tsarar
{tsaw-rar'}
A primitive root; to cramp, literally or figuratively, transitively or intransitively.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
thou anointest 1878
{1878} Prime
דָּשַׁן
dashen
{daw-shane'}
A primitive root; to be fat; transitively to fatten (or regard as fat); specifically to anoint; figuratively to satisfy; denominatively (from H1880) to remove (fat) ashes (of sacrifices).
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
my head 7218
{7218} Prime
רֹאשׁ
ro'sh
{roshe}
From an unused root apparently meaning to shake; the head (as most easily shaken), whether literally or figuratively (in many applications, of place, time, rank, etc.).
with oil; 8081
{8081} Prime
שֶׁמֶן
shemen
{sheh'-men}
From H8080; grease, especially liquid (as from the olive, often perfumed); figuratively richness.
my cup 3563
{3563} Prime
כּוֹס
kowc
{koce}
From an unused root meaning to hold together; a cup (as a container), often figuratively a lot (as if a potion); also some unclean bird, probably an owl (perhaps from the cup like cavity of its eye).
runneth over. 7310
{7310} Prime
רְוָיָה
r@vayah
{rev-aw-yaw'}
From H7301; satisfaction.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 23:5-6

_ _ Another figure expresses God’s provided care.

_ _ a table — or, “food,” anointing

_ _ oil — the symbol of gladness, and the overflowing

_ _ cup — which represents abundance — are prepared for the child of God, who may feast in spite of his enemies, confident that this favor will ever attend him. This beautiful Psalm most admirably sets before us, in its chief figure, that of a shepherd, the gentle, kind, and sure care extended to God’s people, who, as a shepherd, both rules and feeds them. The closing verse shows that the blessings mentioned are spiritual.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 23:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 23:5

A table — Thou furnishest me with plenty of provisions and comforts. Oil — With aromatic ointments, which were then used at great feasts; thy comforts delight my soul. Runneth over — Thou hast given me a plentiful portions, signified by the cup, given to the guests by the master of the feast.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 23:5

Thou preparest a (e) table before me in the presence of mine enemies: thou (f) anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over.

(e) Even though his enemies sought to destroy him, yet God delivers him, and deals most liberally with him in spite of them.

(f) As was the manner of great feasts.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
preparest:

Psalms 22:26 The meek shall eat and be satisfied: they shall praise the LORD that seek him: your heart shall live for ever.
Psalms 22:29 All [they that be] fat upon earth shall eat and worship: all they that go down to the dust shall bow before him: and none can keep alive his own soul.
Psalms 31:19-20 [Oh] how great [is] thy goodness, which thou hast laid up for them that fear thee; [which] thou hast wrought for them that trust in thee before the sons of men! ... Thou shalt hide them in the secret of thy presence from the pride of man: thou shalt keep them secretly in a pavilion from the strife of tongues.
Psalms 104:15 And wine [that] maketh glad the heart of man, [and] oil to make [his] face to shine, and bread [which] strengtheneth man's heart.
Job 36:16 Even so would he have removed thee out of the strait [into] a broad place, where [there is] no straitness; and that which should be set on thy table [should be] full of fatness.
Isaiah 25:6 And in this mountain shall the LORD of hosts make unto all people a feast of fat things, a feast of wines on the lees, of fat things full of marrow, of wines on the lees well refined.
John 6:53-56 Then Jesus said unto them, Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man, and drink his blood, ye have no life in you. ... He that eateth my flesh, and drinketh my blood, dwelleth in me, and I in him.
John 10:9-10 I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture. ... The thief cometh not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come that they might have life, and that they might have [it] more abundantly.
John 16:22 And ye now therefore have sorrow: but I will see you again, and your heart shall rejoice, and your joy no man taketh from you.

thou anointest:
Heb. makest fat,
Psalms 45:7 Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.
Psalms 92:10 But my horn shalt thou exalt like [the horn of] an unicorn: I shall be anointed with fresh oil.
Amos 6:6 That drink wine in bowls, and anoint themselves with the chief ointments: but they are not grieved for the affliction of Joseph.
Matthew 6:17 But thou, when thou fastest, anoint thine head, and wash thy face;
2 Corinthians 1:21 Now he which stablisheth us with you in Christ, and hath anointed us, [is] God;
1 John 2:20 But ye have an unction from the Holy One, and ye know all things.
1 John 2:27 But the anointing which ye have received of him abideth in you, and ye need not that any man teach you: but as the same anointing teacheth you of all things, and is truth, and is no lie, and even as it hath taught you, ye shall abide in him.

my cup:

Psalms 16:5 The LORD [is] the portion of mine inheritance and of my cup: thou maintainest my lot.
Psalms 116:13 I will take the cup of salvation, and call upon the name of the LORD.
1 Corinthians 10:16 The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ?
Ephesians 3:20 Now unto him that is able to do exceeding abundantly above all that we ask or think, according to the power that worketh in us,
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 36:16. Ps 16:5; 22:26, 29; 31:19; 45:7; 92:10; 104:15; 116:13. Is 25:6. Am 6:6. Mt 6:17. Jn 6:53; 10:9; 16:22. 1Co 10:16. 2Co 1:21. Ep 3:20. 1Jn 2:20, 27.

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