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Psalms 23:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— He maketh me to lie down in green pastures; He leadeth me beside still waters.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— He makes me lie down in green pastures; He leads me beside quiet waters.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— He maketh me to lie down in green pastures; he leadeth me beside still waters.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— In pastures of tender grass, he maketh me lie down, Unto restful waters, he leadeth me;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— In pastures of tender grass He causeth me to lie down, By quiet waters He doth lead me.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He hath set me in a place of pasture. He hath brought me up, on the water of refreshment:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— He maketh me to lie downe in greene pastures: he leadeth mee beside the still waters.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— In a place of green grass, there he has made me dwell: he has nourished me by the water of rest.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— He maketh me to lie down in green pastures: he leadeth me beside the still waters.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
He maketh me to lie down 7257
{7257} Prime
A primitive root; to crouch (on all four legs folded, like a recumbent animal); by implication to recline, repose, brood, lurk, imbed.
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
in green 1877
{1877} Prime
From H1876; a sprout; by analogy grass.
pastures: 4999
{4999} Prime
From H4998; a home; figuratively a pasture.
he leadeth 5095
{5095} Prime
A primitive root; properly to run with a sparkle, that is, flow; hence (transitively) to conduct, and (by inference) to protect, sustain.
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
me beside x5921
(5921) Complement
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the still 4496
{4496} Prime
Feminine of H4495; repose or (adverbially) peacefully; figuratively consolation (specifically matrimony); hence (concretely) an abode.
waters. 4325
{4325} Prime
Dual of a primitive noun (but used in a singular sense); water; figuratively juice; by euphemism urine, semen.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 23:2

_ _ green pastures — or, “pastures of tender grass,” are mentioned, not in respect to food, but as places of cool and refreshing rest.

_ _ the still waters — are, literally, “waters of “stillness,” whose quiet flow invites to repose. They are contrasted with boisterous streams on the one hand, and stagnant, offensive pools on the other.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 23:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 23:2

Lie down — To repose myself at noon, as the manner was in those hot countries. Green — Where there is both delight and plenty of provisions.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Isaiah 30:23 Then shall he give the rain of thy seed, that thou shalt sow the ground withal; and bread of the increase of the earth, and it shall be fat and plenteous: in that day shall thy cattle feed in large pastures.
Ezekiel 34:13-14 And I will bring them out from the people, and gather them from the countries, and will bring them to their own land, and feed them upon the mountains of Israel by the rivers, and in all the inhabited places of the country. ... I will feed them in a good pasture, and upon the high mountains of Israel shall their fold be: there shall they lie in a good fold, and [in] a fat pasture shall they feed upon the mountains of Israel.

green pastures:
Heb. pastures of tender grass


Psalms 46:4 [There is] a river, the streams whereof shall make glad the city of God, the holy [place] of the tabernacles of the most High.
Isaiah 49:9-10 That thou mayest say to the prisoners, Go forth; to them that [are] in darkness, Shew yourselves. They shall feed in the ways, and their pastures [shall be] in all high places. ... They shall not hunger nor thirst; neither shall the heat nor sun smite them: for he that hath mercy on them shall lead them, even by the springs of water shall he guide them.
Revelation 7:17 For the Lamb which is in the midst of the throne shall feed them, and shall lead them unto living fountains of waters: and God shall wipe away all tears from their eyes.
Revelation 21:6 And he said unto me, It is done. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end. I will give unto him that is athirst of the fountain of the water of life freely.
Revelation 22:1 And he shewed me a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne of God and of the Lamb.
Revelation 22:17 And the Spirit and the bride say, Come. And let him that heareth say, Come. And let him that is athirst come. And whosoever will, let him take the water of life freely.

still waters:
Heb. waters of quietness,
Job 34:29 When he giveth quietness, who then can make trouble? and when he hideth [his] face, who then can behold him? whether [it be done] against a nation, or against a man only:
Isaiah 8:6 Forasmuch as this people refuseth the waters of Shiloah that go softly, and rejoice in Rezin and Remaliah's son;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 34:29. Ps 46:4. Is 8:6; 30:23; 49:9. Ezk 34:13. Rv 7:17; 21:6; 22:1, 17.

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