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Psalms 22:15 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— My strength is dried up like a potsherd; And my tongue cleaveth to my jaws; And thou hast brought me into the dust of death.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— My strength is dried up like a potsherd; and my tongue cleaveth to my jaws; and thou hast brought me into the dust of death.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— My strength is dried up like a potsherd, And my tongue cleaves to my jaws; And You lay me in the dust of death.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— My strength is dried up like a potsherd; and my tongue cleaveth to my jaws; and thou hast brought me into the dust of death.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— My strength is dried up like a potsherd, and my tongue cleaveth to my palate; and thou hast laid me in the dust of death.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Dried as a potsherd, is my strength, And, my tongue, is made to cleave to my gums, And, in the dust of death, wilt thou lay me.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Dried up as an earthen vessel is my power, And my tongue is cleaving to my jaws.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— My strength is dried up like a potsherd, and my tongue hath cleaved to my jaws: and thou hast brought me down into the dust of death.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— My strength is dried vp like a potsheard: and my tongue cleaueth to my iawes; and thou hast brought me into the dust of death.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— My strength is dried up, like a potsherd; and my tongue is glued to my throat; and thou hast brought me down to the dust of death.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— My strength is dried up like a potsherd; and my tongue cleaveth to my jaws; and thou hast brought me into the dust of death.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
My strength 3581
{3581} Prime
כֹּחַ
koach
{ko'-akh}
From an unused root meaning to be firm; vigor, literally (force, in a good or a bad sense) or figuratively (capacity, means, produce); also (from its hardiness) a large lizard.
is dried up 3001
{3001} Prime
יָבֵשׁ
yabesh
{yaw-bashe'}
A primitive root; to be ashamed, confused or disappointed; also (as failing) to dry up (as water) or wither (as herbage).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
like a potsherd; 2789
{2789} Prime
חֶרֶשׂ
cheres
{kheh'-res}
A collateral form mediating between H2775 and H2791; a piece of pottery.
and my tongue 3956
{3956} Prime
לָשׁוֹן
lashown
{law-shone'}
From H3960; the tongue (of man or animals), used literally (as the instrument of licking, eating, or speech), and figuratively (speech, an ingot, a fork of flame, a cove of water).
cleaveth 1692
{1692} Prime
דָּבַק
dabaq
{daw-bak'}
A primitive root; properly to impinge, that is, cling or adhere; figuratively to catch by pursuit.
z8716
<8716> Grammar
Stem - Hophal (See H8825)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 113
to my jaws; 4455
{4455} Prime
מַלְקוֹחַ
malqowach
{mal-ko'-akh}
From H3947; transitively (in dual) the jaws (as taking food); intransitively spoil (and captives), (as taken).
and thou hast brought 8239
{8239} Prime
שָׁפַת
shaphath
{shaw-fath'}
A primitive root; to locate, that is, (generally) hang on or (figuratively) establish, reduce.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
me into the dust 6083
{6083} Prime
עָפָר
`aphar
{aw-fawr'}
From H6080; dust (as powdered or gray); hence clay, earth, mud.
of death. 4194
{4194} Prime
מָוֶת
maveth
{maw'-veth}
From H4191; death (natural or violent); concretely the dead, their place or state (hades); figuratively pestilence, ruin.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 22:14-15.


Psalms 22:15

_ _ the dust of death — of course, denotes the grave. We need not try to find the exact counterpart of each item of the description in the particulars of our Savior's sufferings. Figurative language resembles pictures of historical scenes, presenting substantial truth, under illustrations, which, though not essential to the facts, are not inconsistent with them. Were any portion of Christ’s terrible sufferings specially designed, it was doubtless that of the garden of Gethsemane.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 22:11-21.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 22:15

Dried — I have in a manner no more moisture left in me, than is in a dry potsherd. Cleaveth — Through excessive thirst and drought. Death — Thy providence, delivering me into the power of mine enemies, and by thy terrors in my soul.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 22:15

My strength is dried up like a potsherd; and my tongue cleaveth to my jaws; and thou (i) hast brought me into the dust of death.

(i) You permitted me to be without all hope of life.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
strength:

Psalms 32:3-4 When I kept silence, my bones waxed old through my roaring all the day long. ... For day and night thy hand was heavy upon me: my moisture is turned into the drought of summer. Selah.
Proverbs 17:22 A merry heart doeth good [like] a medicine: but a broken spirit drieth the bones.

tongue:

Psalms 69:3 I am weary of my crying: my throat is dried: mine eyes fail while I wait for my God.
Psalms 69:21 They gave me also gall for my meat; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.
Job 29:10 The nobles held their peace, and their tongue cleaved to the roof of their mouth.
Lamentations 4:4 The tongue of the sucking child cleaveth to the roof of his mouth for thirst: the young children ask bread, [and] no man breaketh [it] unto them.
John 19:28 After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst.

into the:

Psalms 30:9 What profit [is there] in my blood, when I go down to the pit? Shall the dust praise thee? shall it declare thy truth?
Psalms 104:29 Thou hidest thy face, they are troubled: thou takest away their breath, they die, and return to their dust.
Genesis 3:19 In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for dust thou [art], and unto dust shalt thou return.
Genesis 18:27 And Abraham answered and said, Behold now, I have taken upon me to speak unto the Lord, which [am but] dust and ashes:
Job 7:21 And why dost thou not pardon my transgression, and take away mine iniquity? for now shall I sleep in the dust; and thou shalt seek me in the morning, but I [shall] not [be].
Job 10:9 Remember, I beseech thee, that thou hast made me as the clay; and wilt thou bring me into dust again?
Job 34:15 All flesh shall perish together, and man shall turn again unto dust.
Isaiah 53:12 Therefore will I divide him [a portion] with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.
Daniel 12:2 And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to shame [and] everlasting contempt.
Matthew 27:50 Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded up the ghost.
1 Corinthians 15:3 For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 3:19; 18:27. Jb 7:21; 10:9; 29:10; 34:15. Ps 30:9; 32:3; 69:3, 21; 104:29. Pv 17:22. Is 53:12. Lm 4:4. Dn 12:2. Mt 27:50. Jn 19:28. 1Co 15:3.

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