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Psalms 2:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The kings of the earth set themselves, And the rulers take counsel together, Against Jehovah, and against his anointed, [saying],
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD, and against his anointed, [saying],
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The kings of the earth take their stand And the rulers take counsel together Against the LORD and against His Anointed, saying,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD, and against his anointed, [saying],
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The kings of the earth set themselves, and the princes plot together, against Jehovah and against his anointed:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The kings of earth take their station, and, grave men, have met by appointment together,—against Yahweh, and against his Anointed One [saying]:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Station themselves do kings of the earth, And princes have been united together, Against Jehovah, and against His Messiah:
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The kings of the earth stood up, and the princes met together, against the Lord, and against his Christ.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The Kings of the earth set themselues, and the rulers take counsell together, against the LORD, and against his Anoynted, [saying],
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The kings of the earth stood up, and the rulers gathered themselves together, against the Lord, and against his Anointed{gr.Christ};
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against Yahweh, and against his anointed, [saying],

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The kings 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
of the earth 776
{0776} Prime
אֶרֶץ
'erets
{eh'-rets}
From an unused root probably meaning to be firm; the earth (at large, or partitively a land).
set y3320
[3320] Standard
יָצַב
yatsab
{yaw-tsab'}
A primitive root; to place (any thing so as to stay); reflexively to station, offer, continue.
z8691
<8691> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 533
themselves, x3320
(3320) Complement
יָצַב
yatsab
{yaw-tsab'}
A primitive root; to place (any thing so as to stay); reflexively to station, offer, continue.
and the rulers 7336
{7336} Prime
רָזַן
razan
{raw-zan'}
A primitive root; probably to be heavy, that is, (figuratively) honorable.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
take counsel 3245
{3245} Prime
יָסַד
yacad
{yaw-sad'}
A primitive root; to set (literally or figuratively); intensively to found; reflexively to sit down together, that is, settle, consult.
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
together, 3162
{3162} Prime
יַחַד
yachad
{yakh'-ad}
From H3161; properly a unit, that is, (adverbially) unitedly.
against x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
and against x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
his anointed, 4899
{4899} Prime
מָשִׁיחַ
mashiyach
{maw-shee'-akh}
From H4886; anointed; usually a consecrated person (as a king, priest, or saint); specifically the Messiah.
[saying],
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 2:2

_ _ The kings and rulers lead on their subjects.

_ _ set themselves — take a stand.

_ _ take counsel — literally, “sit together,” denoting their deliberation.

_ _ anointedHebrew, “Messiah”; Greek, “Christ” (John 1:41). Anointing, as an emblem of the gifts of the Holy Spirit, was conferred on prophets (Isaiah 6:1); priests (Exodus 30:30); and kings (1 Samuel 10:1; 1 Samuel 16:13; 1 Kings 1:39). Hence this title well suited Him who holds all these offices, and was generally used by the Jews before His coming, to denote Him (Daniel 9:26). While the prophet has in view men’s opposition generally, he here depicts it in its culminating aspect as seen in the events of Christ’s great trial. Pilate and Herod, and the rulers of the Jews (Matthew 27:1; Luke 23:1-25), with the furious mob, are vividly portrayed.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 2:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 2:2

The kings — Herod, and Pilate and others with or after them. Earth — So called in way of contempt and to shew their madness in opposing the God of heaven. Set — The word denotes the combination of their counsels and forces. Anointed — Against the king whom God hath chosen and exalted.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
kings:

Psalms 2:10 Be wise now therefore, O ye kings: be instructed, ye judges of the earth.
Psalms 48:4 For, lo, the kings were assembled, they passed by together.
Psalms 110:5 The Lord at thy right hand shall strike through kings in the day of his wrath.
Matthew 2:16 Then Herod, when he saw that he was mocked of the wise men, was exceeding wroth, and sent forth, and slew all the children that were in Bethlehem, and in all the coasts thereof, from two years old and under, according to the time which he had diligently enquired of the wise men.
Luke 13:31 The same day there came certain of the Pharisees, saying unto him, Get thee out, and depart hence: for Herod will kill thee.
Luke 23:11-12 And Herod with his men of war set him at nought, and mocked [him], and arrayed him in a gorgeous robe, and sent him again to Pilate. ... And the same day Pilate and Herod were made friends together: for before they were at enmity between themselves.
Acts 12:1-6 Now about that time Herod the king stretched forth [his] hands to vex certain of the church. ... And when Herod would have brought him forth, the same night Peter was sleeping between two soldiers, bound with two chains: and the keepers before the door kept the prison.
Revelation 17:12-14 And the ten horns which thou sawest are ten kings, which have received no kingdom as yet; but receive power as kings one hour with the beast. ... These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him [are] called, and chosen, and faithful.

rulers:

Matthew 26:3 Then assembled together the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders of the people, unto the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas,
Matthew 26:59 Now the chief priests, and elders, and all the council, sought false witness against Jesus, to put him to death;
Matthew 27:1 When the morning was come, all the chief priests and elders of the people took counsel against Jesus to put him to death:
Acts 4:5-8 And it came to pass on the morrow, that their rulers, and elders, and scribes, ... Then Peter, filled with the Holy Ghost, said unto them, Ye rulers of the people, and elders of Israel,

LORD[YHWH]:

Exodus 16:7 And in the morning, then ye shall see the glory of the LORD; for that he heareth your murmurings against the LORD: and what [are] we, that ye murmur against us?
Proverbs 21:30 [There is] no wisdom nor understanding nor counsel against the LORD.
John 15:23 He that hateth me hateth my Father also.
Acts 9:4 And he fell to the earth, and heard a voice saying unto him, Saul, Saul, why persecutest thou me?

anointed:

Psalms 45:7 Thou lovest righteousness, and hatest wickedness: therefore God, thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.
Psalms 89:20 I have found David my servant; with my holy oil have I anointed him:
Isaiah 61:1 The Spirit of the Lord GOD [is] upon me; because the LORD hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to [them that are] bound;
John 1:41 He first findeth his own brother Simon, and saith unto him, We have found the Messias, which is, being interpreted, the Christ.
John 3:34 For he whom God hath sent speaketh the words of God: for God giveth not the Spirit by measure [unto him].
Acts 10:38 How God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and with power: who went about doing good, and healing all that were oppressed of the devil; for God was with him.
Hebrews 1:9 Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, [even] thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 16:7. Ps 2:10; 45:7; 48:4; 89:20; 110:5. Pv 21:30. Is 61:1. Mt 2:16; 26:3, 59; 27:1. Lk 13:31; 23:11. Jn 1:41; 3:34; 15:23. Ac 4:5; 9:4; 10:38; 12:1. He 1:9. Rv 17:12.

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