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Psalms 19:12 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Who can discern [his] errors? Clear thou me from hidden [faults].
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Who can understand [his] errors? cleanse thou me from secret [faults].
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Who can discern [his] errors? Acquit me of hidden [faults].
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Who can understand [his] errors? cleanse thou me from secret [faults].
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Who understandeth [his] errors? Purify me from secret [faults].
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Mistakes, who perceiveth? From things that are hidden, acquit me:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Errors! who doth understand? From hidden ones declare me innocent,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Who can understand sins? from my secret ones cleanse me, O Lord:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Who can vnderstand [his] errours? cleanse thou me from secret [faults].
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Who will understand [his] transgressions? purge thou me from my secret [sins].
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Who can understand [his] errors? cleanse thou me from secret [faults].

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Who x4310
(4310) Complement
An interrogitive pronoun of persons, as H4100 is of things, who? (occasionally, by a peculiar idiom, of things); also (indefinitely) whoever; often used in oblique construction with prefix or suffix.
can understand 995
{0995} Prime
A primitive root; to separate mentally (or distinguish), that is, (generally) understand.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
[his] errors? 7691
{7691} Prime
From H7686; a moral mistake.
cleanse 5352
{5352} Prime
A primitive root; to be (or make) clean (literally or figuratively); by implication (in an adverse sense) to be bare, that is, extirpated.
<8761> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 446
thou me from secret 5641
{5641} Prime
A primitive root; to hide (by covering), literally or figuratively.
<8737> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 793
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 19:12-14

_ _ The clearer our view of the law, the more manifest are our sins. Still for its full effect we need divine grace to show us our faults, acquit us, restrain us from the practice, and free us from the power, of sin. Thus only can our conduct be blameless, and our words and thoughts acceptable to God.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 19:7-14.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 19:12

Who — Thy law, O Lord, is holy and just and good. But I fall infinitely short of it. Cleanse — Both by justification, through the blood of thy son; and by sanctification thro' thy holy spirit. Though the first may seem to be principally intended, because he speaks of his past sins. Secret — From the guilt of such sins as were secret either, from others; such as none knows but God and my own conscience: or, from myself; such as I never observed, or did not discern the evil of. Pardon my unknown sins, of which I never repented particularly, as I should have done.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 19:12

Who can understand [his] (l) errors? cleanse thou me from secret [faults].

(l) Then there is no reward of duty, but of grace: for where sin is, there death is the reward.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Psalms 40:12 For innumerable evils have compassed me about: mine iniquities have taken hold upon me, so that I am not able to look up; they are more than the hairs of mine head: therefore my heart faileth me.
Job 6:24 Teach me, and I will hold my tongue: and cause me to understand wherein I have erred.
Isaiah 64:6 But we are all as an unclean [thing], and all our righteousnesses [are] as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away.
1 Corinthians 4:4 For I know nothing by myself; yet am I not hereby justified: but he that judgeth me is the Lord.
Hebrews 9:7 But into the second [went] the high priest alone once every year, not without blood, which he offered for himself, and [for] the errors of the people:


Psalms 51:5-10 Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me. ... Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me.
Psalms 65:3 Iniquities prevail against me: [as for] our transgressions, thou shalt purge them away.
1 John 1:7 But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin.


Psalms 90:8 Thou hast set our iniquities before thee, our secret [sins] in the light of thy countenance.
Psalms 139:2 Thou knowest my downsitting and mine uprising, thou understandest my thought afar off.
Psalms 139:23-24 Search me, O God, and know my heart: try me, and know my thoughts: ... And see if [there be any] wicked way in me, and lead me in the way everlasting.
Leviticus 4:2-35 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, If a soul shall sin through ignorance against any of the commandments of the LORD [concerning things] which ought not to be done, and shall do against any of them: ... And he shall take away all the fat thereof, as the fat of the lamb is taken away from the sacrifice of the peace offerings; and the priest shall burn them upon the altar, according to the offerings made by fire unto the LORD: and the priest shall make an atonement for his sin that he hath committed, and it shall be forgiven him.
Jeremiah 17:9 The heart [is] deceitful above all [things], and desperately wicked: who can know it?
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 4:2. Jb 6:24. Ps 40:12; 51:5; 65:3; 90:8; 139:2, 23. Is 64:6. Jr 17:9. 1Co 4:4. He 9:7. 1Jn 1:7.

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