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Psalms 18:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— He bowed the heavens also, and came down; And thick darkness was under his feet.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— He bowed the heavens also, and came down: and darkness [was] under his feet.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— He bowed the heavens also, and came down With thick darkness under His feet.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— He bowed the heavens also, and came down: and darkness [was] under his feet.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And he bowed the heavens, and came down; and darkness was under his feet.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Then he stretched out the heaven, and came down,—and, thick gloom, was under his feet;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And He inclineth the heavens, and cometh down, And thick darkness [is] under His feet.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— He bowed the heavens, and came down, and darkness was under his feet.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— He bowed the heauens also, and came downe: and darkenesse [was] vnder his feet.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And he bowed the heaven, and came down: and thick darkness was under his feet.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— He bowed the heavens also, and came down: and darkness [was] under his feet.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
He bowed 5186
{5186} Prime
A primitive root; to stretch or spread out; by implication to bend away (including moral deflection); used in a great variety of applications.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
the heavens 8064
{8064} Prime
The second form being dual of an unused singular; from an unused root meaning to be lofty; the sky (as aloft; the dual perhaps alluding to the visible arch in which the clouds move, as well as to the higher ether where the celestial bodies revolve).
also, and came down: 3381
{3381} Prime
A primitive root; to descend (literally to go downwards; or conventionally to a lower region, as the shore, a boundary, the enemy, etc.; or figuratively to fall); causatively to bring down (in all the above applications).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
and darkness 6205
{6205} Prime
Probably from H6201; gloom (as of a lowering sky).
[was] under x8478
(8478) Complement
From the same as H8430; the bottom (as depressed); only adverbially below (often with prepositional prefix underneath), in lieu of, etc.
his feet. 7272
{7272} Prime
From H7270; a foot (as used in walking); by implication a step; by euphemism the pudenda.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 18:9

_ _ darkness — or, a dense cloud (Exodus 19:16; Deuteronomy 5:22).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 18:1-19.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 18:9

Bowed — By producing thick and dark clouds, whereby the heavens seem to come down to the earth. Came — Not by change of place, but by the manifestation of his presence and power on my behalf.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 18:9

He bowed the heavens also, and came down: and (f) darkness [was] under his feet.

(f) Darkness signifies the wrath of God as the clear light signifies God's favour.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
He bowed:
Jehovah is here represented as a mighty warrior going forth to fight the battles of David. When He descended to the engagement, the very heavens bowed to render his descent more awful: His military tent was substantial darkness; the voice of His thunder was the warlike alarm which sounded to battle; the chariot in which He rode was the thick clouds of heaven, conducted by cherubs, and carried on by the irresistible force and rapid wings of an impetuous tempest; and the darts and weapons He employed were thunder-bolts, lightnings, fiery hail, deluging rains, and stormy winds! No wonder that when God arose all His enemies were scattered, and those that hated Him fled before Him.
Psalms 68:4 Sing unto God, sing praises to his name: extol him that rideth upon the heavens by his name JAH, and rejoice before him.
Psalms 144:5-15 Bow thy heavens, O LORD, and come down: touch the mountains, and they shall smoke. ... Happy [is that] people, that is in such a case: [yea], happy [is that] people, whose God [is] the LORD.
Deuteronomy 33:26 [There is] none like unto the God of Jeshurun, [who] rideth upon the heaven in thy help, and in his excellency on the sky.
2 Samuel 22:10 He bowed the heavens also, and came down; and darkness [was] under his feet.
Isaiah 51:6 Lift up your eyes to the heavens, and look upon the earth beneath: for the heavens shall vanish away like smoke, and the earth shall wax old like a garment, and they that dwell therein shall die in like manner: but my salvation shall be for ever, and my righteousness shall not be abolished.
Joel 3:16 The LORD also shall roar out of Zion, and utter his voice from Jerusalem; and the heavens and the earth shall shake: but the LORD [will be] the hope of his people, and the strength of the children of Israel.
Matthew 24:29 Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken:
Hebrews 12:26 Whose voice then shook the earth: but now he hath promised, saying, Yet once more I shake not the earth only, but also heaven.
2 Peter 3:10 But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up.
Revelation 20:11 And I saw a great white throne, and him that sat on it, from whose face the earth and the heaven fled away; and there was found no place for them.


Deuteronomy 5:22-23 These words the LORD spake unto all your assembly in the mount out of the midst of the fire, of the cloud, and of the thick darkness, with a great voice: and he added no more. And he wrote them in two tables of stone, and delivered them unto me. ... And it came to pass, when ye heard the voice out of the midst of the darkness, (for the mountain did burn with fire,) that ye came near unto me, [even] all the heads of your tribes, and your elders;
Mark 15:33 And when the sixth hour was come, there was darkness over the whole land until the ninth hour.
John 13:7 Jesus answered and said unto him, What I do thou knowest not now; but thou shalt know hereafter.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 5:22; 33:26. 2S 22:10. Ps 68:4; 144:5. Is 51:6. Jol 3:16. Mt 24:29. Mk 15:33. Jn 13:7. He 12:26. 2P 3:10. Rv 20:11.

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