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Psalms 18:40 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thou hast also made mine enemies turn their backs unto me, That I might cut off them that hate me.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Thou hast also given me the necks of mine enemies; that I might destroy them that hate me.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— You have also made my enemies turn their backs to me, And I destroyed those who hated me.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Thou hast also given me the necks of my enemies; that I might destroy them that hate me.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And mine enemies didst thou make to turn their backs unto me, and those that hated me I destroyed.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— As for my foes, thou didst give me their neck, and, as for them who hated me, I destroyed them.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— As to mine enemies—Thou hast given to me the neck, As to those hating me—I cut them off.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And thou hast made my enemies turn their back upon me, and hast destroyed them that hated me.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Thou hast also giuen mee the neckes of mine enemies: that I might destroy them that hate me.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And thou has made mine enemies turn their backs before me; and thou hast destroyed them that hated me.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Thou hast also given me the necks of mine enemies; that I might destroy them that hate me.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Thou hast also given 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
me the necks 6203
{6203} Prime
עֹרֶף
`oreph
{o-ref'}
From H6202; the nape or back of the neck (as declining); hence the back generally (whether literally or figuratively).
of mine enemies; 341
{0341} Prime
אֹיֵב
'oyeb
{o-yabe'}
Active participle of H0340; hating; an adversary.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
that I might destroy 6789
{6789} Prime
צָמַת
tsamath
{tsaw-math'}
A primitive root; to extirpate (literally or figuratively).
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
them that hate 8130
{8130} Prime
שָׂנֵא
sane'
{saw-nay'}
A primitive root; to hate (personally).
z8764
<8764> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 685
me.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 18:37-41.


Psalms 18:40

_ _ given me the necks — literally, “backs of the necks”; made them retreat (Exodus 23:27; Joshua 7:8).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 18:29-50.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 18:40

Thou hast also (e) given me the necks of mine enemies; that I might destroy them that hate me.

(e) You have given them to my hands to be slain.

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