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Psalms 18:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The cords of death compassed me, And the floods of ungodliness made me afraid.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The sorrows of death compassed me, and the floods of ungodly men made me afraid.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The cords of death encompassed me, And the torrents of ungodliness terrified me.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The sorrows of death compassed me, and the floods of ungodly men made me afraid.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The bands of death encompassed me, and torrents of Belial made me afraid.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— The meshes of death encompassed me, The torrents of perdition, made me afraid;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Compassed me have cords of death, And streams of the worthless make me afraid.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The sorrows of death surrounded me: and the torrents of iniquity troubled me.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The sorrowes of death compassed me, and the floods of vngodly men made me afraid.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The pangs of death compassed me, and the torrents of ungodliness troubled me exceedingly.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The sorrows of death compassed me, and the floods of ungodly men made me afraid.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The sorrows 2256
{2256} Prime
חֶבֶל
chebel
{kheh'-bel}
From H2254; a rope (as twisted), especially a measuring line; by implication a district or inheritance (as measured); or a noose (as of cords); figuratively a company (as if tied together); also a throe (especially of parturition); also ruin.
of death 4194
{4194} Prime
מָוֶת
maveth
{maw'-veth}
From H4191; death (natural or violent); concretely the dead, their place or state (hades); figuratively pestilence, ruin.
compassed 661
{0661} Prime
אָפַף
'aphaph
{aw-faf'}
A primitive root; to surround.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
me, and the floods 5158
{5158} Prime
נַחַל
nachal
{nakh'-al}
From H5157 in its original sense; a stream, especially a winter torrent; (by implication) a (narrow) valley (in which a brook runs); also a shaft (of a mine).
of ungodly men 1100
{1100} Prime
בְּלִיַּעַל
b@liya`al
{bel-e-yah'-al}
From H1097 and H3276; without profit, worthlessness; by extension destruction, wickedness (often in connection with H0376, H0802, H1121, etc.).
made me afraid. 1204
{1204} Prime
בָּעַת
ba`ath
{baw-ath'}
A primitive root; to fear.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 18:4

_ _ sorrows — literally, “bands as of a net” (Psalms 116:3).

_ _ floods — denotes “multitude.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 18:1-19.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 18:4

Death — Dangerous and deadly troubles. Floods — Their multitude, and strength, and violent assaults, breaking in upon me like a flood.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 18:4

(c) The sorrows of death compassed me, and the floods of ungodly men made me afraid.

(c) He speaks of the dangers and malice of his enemies from which God had delivered him.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
sorrows:

Psalms 116:3 The sorrows of death compassed me, and the pains of hell gat hold upon me: I found trouble and sorrow.
2 Samuel 22:5-6 When the waves of death compassed me, the floods of ungodly men made me afraid; ... The sorrows of hell compassed me about; the snares of death prevented me;
Isaiah 13:8 And they shall be afraid: pangs and sorrows shall take hold of them; they shall be in pain as a woman that travaileth: they shall be amazed one at another; their faces [shall be as] flames.
Isaiah 53:3-4 He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were [our] faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not. ... Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.
Matthew 26:38-39 Then saith he unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful, even unto death: tarry ye here, and watch with me. ... And he went a little further, and fell on his face, and prayed, saying, O my Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me: nevertheless not as I will, but as thou [wilt].
Mark 14:33-34 And he taketh with him Peter and James and John, and began to be sore amazed, and to be very heavy; ... And saith unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful unto death: tarry ye here, and watch.
2 Corinthians 1:9 But we had the sentence of death in ourselves, that we should not trust in ourselves, but in God which raiseth the dead:

floods:

Psalms 22:12-13 Many bulls have compassed me: strong [bulls] of Bashan have beset me round. ... They gaped upon me [with] their mouths, [as] a ravening and a roaring lion.
Psalms 22:16 For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have inclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet.
Jonah 2:2-7 And said, I cried by reason of mine affliction unto the LORD, and he heard me; out of the belly of hell cried I, [and] thou heardest my voice. ... When my soul fainted within me I remembered the LORD: and my prayer came in unto thee, into thine holy temple.
Matthew 26:47 And while he yet spake, lo, Judas, one of the twelve, came, and with him a great multitude with swords and staves, from the chief priests and elders of the people.
Matthew 26:55 In that same hour said Jesus to the multitudes, Are ye come out as against a thief with swords and staves for to take me? I sat daily with you teaching in the temple, and ye laid no hold on me.
Matthew 27:24-25 When Pilate saw that he could prevail nothing, but [that] rather a tumult was made, he took water, and washed [his] hands before the multitude, saying, I am innocent of the blood of this just person: see ye [to it]. ... Then answered all the people, and said, His blood [be] on us, and on our children.
Matthew 27:39-44 And they that passed by reviled him, wagging their heads, ... The thieves also, which were crucified with him, cast the same in his teeth.
Acts 21:30 And all the city was moved, and the people ran together: and they took Paul, and drew him out of the temple: and forthwith the doors were shut.

ungodly men:
Heb. Belial
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2S 22:5. Ps 22:12, 16; 116:3. Is 13:8; 53:3. Jna 2:2. Mt 26:38, 47, 55; 27:24, 39. Mk 14:33. Ac 21:30. 2Co 1:9.

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