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Psalms 18:23 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I was also perfect with him, And I kept myself from mine iniquity.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I was also upright before him, and I kept myself from mine iniquity.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— I was also blameless with Him, And I kept myself from my iniquity.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I was also upright before him, and I kept myself from my iniquity.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And I was upright with him, and kept myself from mine iniquity.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— So became I blameless with him, and kept myself from mine iniquity.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And I am perfect with him, And I keep myself from mine iniquity.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And I shall be spotless with him: and shall keep myself from my iniquity.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I was also vpright before him: and I kept my selfe from mine iniquity.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— And I shall be blameless with hem, and shall keep myself from mine iniquity.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— I was also upright before him, and I kept myself from mine iniquity.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I was x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
also upright 8549
{8549} Prime
תָּמִים
tamiym
{taw-meem'}
From H8552; entire (literally, figuratively or morally); also (as noun) integrity, truth.
before x5973
(5973) Complement
עִם
`im
{eem}
From H6004; adverb or preposition, with (that is, in conjunction with), in varied applications; specifically equally with; often with prepositional prefix (and then usually unrepresented in English).
him, and I kept y8104
[8104] Standard
שָׁמַר
shamar
{shaw-mar'}
A primitive root; properly to hedge about (as with thorns), that is, guard; generally to protect, attend to, etc.
z8691
<8691> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 533
myself x8104
(8104) Complement
שָׁמַר
shamar
{shaw-mar'}
A primitive root; properly to hedge about (as with thorns), that is, guard; generally to protect, attend to, etc.
from mine iniquity. 5771
{5771} Prime
עָוֹן
`avon
{aw-vone'}
From H5753; perversity, that is, (moral) evil.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 18:20-24.


Psalms 18:23

_ _ upright before him — In my relation to God I have been perfect as to all parts of His law. The perfection does not relate to degree.

_ _ mine iniquity — perhaps the thought of his heart to kill Saul (1 Samuel 24:6). That David does not allude to all his conduct, in all relations, is evident from Psalms 51:1, etc.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 18:20-28.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 18:23

I was also upright before him, and I kept myself from mine (f) iniquity.

(f) I neither gave place to their wicked temptations nor to my own desires.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
upright:

Psalms 7:1-8:9 [[Shiggaion of David, which he sang unto the LORD, concerning the words of Cush the Benjamite.]] O LORD my God, in thee do I put my trust: save me from all them that persecute me, and deliver me: ... O LORD our Lord, how excellent [is] thy name in all the earth!
Psalms 11:7 For the righteous LORD loveth righteousness; his countenance doth behold the upright.
Psalms 17:3 Thou hast proved mine heart; thou hast visited [me] in the night; thou hast tried me, [and] shalt find nothing; I am purposed [that] my mouth shall not transgress.
Psalms 37:27 Depart from evil, and do good; and dwell for evermore.
1 Samuel 26:23 The LORD render to every man his righteousness and his faithfulness: for the LORD delivered thee into [my] hand to day, but I would not stretch forth mine hand against the LORD'S anointed.
1 Chronicles 29:17 I know also, my God, that thou triest the heart, and hast pleasure in uprightness. As for me, in the uprightness of mine heart I have willingly offered all these things: and now have I seen with joy thy people, which are present here, to offer willingly unto thee.

before:
Heb. with

I kept:

Matthew 5:29-30 And if thy right eye offend thee, pluck it out, and cast [it] from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not [that] thy whole body should be cast into hell. ... And if thy right hand offend thee, cut it off, and cast [it] from thee: for it is profitable for thee that one of thy members should perish, and not [that] thy whole body should be cast into hell.
Matthew 18:8-9 Wherefore if thy hand or thy foot offend thee, cut them off, and cast [them] from thee: it is better for thee to enter into life halt or maimed, rather than having two hands or two feet to be cast into everlasting fire. ... And if thine eye offend thee, pluck it out, and cast [it] from thee: it is better for thee to enter into life with one eye, rather than having two eyes to be cast into hell fire.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1S 26:23. 1Ch 29:17. Ps 7:1; 11:7; 17:3; 37:27. Mt 5:29; 18:8.

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