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Psalms 18:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Jehovah is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer; My God, my rock, in whom I will take refuge; My shield, and the horn of my salvation, my high tower.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The LORD [is] my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer; my God, my strength, in whom I will trust; my buckler, and the horn of my salvation, [and] my high tower.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The LORD is my rock and my fortress and my deliverer, My God, my rock, in whom I take refuge; My shield and the horn of my salvation, my stronghold.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The LORD [is] my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer; my God, my strength, in whom I will trust; my buckler, and the horn of my salvation, [and] my high tower.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Jehovah is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer; my *God, my rock, in whom I will trust; my shield, and the horn of my salvation, my high tower.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Yahweh, was my mountain crag and my stronghold, and my deliverer: My GOD, was my rock, I sought refuge in him, My shield, and my horn of salvation, my high tower.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Jehovah [is] my rock, and my bulwark, And my deliverer, My God [is] my rock, I trust in Him: My shield, and a horn of my salvation, My high tower.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The Lord is my firmament, my refuge, and my deliverer. My God is my helper, and in him will I put my trust. My protector, and the horn of my salvation, and my support.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The LORD [is] my rocke, and my fortresse, and my deliuerer: my God, my strength in whome I will trust, my buckler, and the horne of my saluation, [and] my high tower.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The Lord is my firm support, and my refuge, and my deliverer; my God is my helper, I will hope in him; [he is] my defender, and the horn of my salvation, and my helper.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Yahweh [is] my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer; my El, my strength, in whom I will trust; my buckler, and the horn of my salvation, [and] my high tower.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
[is] my rock, 5553
{5553} Prime
סֶלַע
cela`
{seh'-lah}
From an unused root meaning to be lofty; a craggy rock, literally or figuratively (a fortress).
and my fortress, 4686
{4686} Prime
מָצוּד
matsuwd
{maw-tsood'}
From H4685; a net, or (abstractly) capture; also a fastness.
and my deliverer; 6403
{6403} Prime
פָּלַט
palat
{paw-lat'}
A primitive root; to slip out, that is, escape; causatively to deliver.
z8764
<8764> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 685
my l אֵל, 410
{0410} Prime
אֵל
'el
{ale}
Shortened from H0352; strength; as adjective mighty; especially the Almighty (but used also of any deity).
my strength, 6697
{6697} Prime
צוּר
tsuwr
{tsoor}
From H6696; properly a cliff (or sharp rock, as compressed); generally a rock or boulder; figuratively a refuge; also an edge (as precipitous).
in whom I will trust; 2620
{2620} Prime
חָסַה
chacah
{khaw-saw'}
A primitive root; to flee for protection (compare H0982); figuratively to confide in.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
my buckler, 4043
{4043} Prime
מָגֵן
magen
{maw-gane'}
From H1598; a shield (that is, the small one or buckler); figuratively a protector; also the scaly hide of the crocodile.
and the horn 7161
{7161} Prime
קֶרֶן
qeren
{keh'-ren}
From H7160; a horn (as projecting); by implication a flask, cornet; by resemblance an elephant's tooth (that is, ivory), a corner (of the altar), a peak (of a mountain), a ray (of light); figuratively power.
of my salvation, 3468
{3468} Prime
יֶשַׁע
yesha`
{yeh'-shah}
From H3467; liberty, deliverance, prosperity.
[and] my high tower. 4869
{4869} Prime
מִשְׂגָּב
misgab
{mis-gawb'}
From H7682; properly a cliff (or other lofty or inaccessible place); abstractly altitude; figuratively a refuge; misgab; a place in Moab.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 18:2-3

_ _ The various terms used describe God as an object of the most implicit and reliable trust.

_ _ rock — literally, “a cleft rock,” for concealment.

_ _ strength — a firm, immovable rock.

_ _ horn of my salvation — The horn, as the means of attack or defense of some of the strongest animals, is a frequent emblem of power or strength efficiently exercised (compare Deuteronomy 33:17; Luke 1:69).

_ _ tower — literally, “high place,” beyond reach of danger.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 18:1-19.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 18:2

Rock — To which I flee for refuge, as the Israelites did to their rocks. Horn — It is a metaphor from those beasts whose strength lies in their horns.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 18:2

(a) The LORD [is] my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer; my God, my strength, in whom I will trust; my buckler, and the horn of my salvation, [and] my high tower.

(a) He uses this diversity of names to show that as the wicked have many means to hurt, so God has many ways to help.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
LORD[YHWH]:

Psalms 28:1 [[[A Psalm] of David.]] Unto thee will I cry, O LORD my rock; be not silent to me: lest, [if] thou be silent to me, I become like them that go down into the pit.
Psalms 62:2 He only [is] my rock and my salvation; [he is] my defence; I shall not be greatly moved.
Psalms 62:7 In God [is] my salvation and my glory: the rock of my strength, [and] my refuge, [is] in God.
Isaiah 32:2 And a man shall be as an hiding place from the wind, and a covert from the tempest; as rivers of water in a dry place, as the shadow of a great rock in a weary land.

fortress:

Psalms 91:2 I will say of the LORD, [He is] my refuge and my fortress: my God; in him will I trust.
Psalms 144:2 My goodness, and my fortress; my high tower, and my deliverer; my shield, and [he] in whom I trust; who subdueth my people under me.
Jeremiah 16:19 O LORD, my strength, and my fortress, and my refuge in the day of affliction, the Gentiles shall come unto thee from the ends of the earth, and shall say, Surely our fathers have inherited lies, vanity, and [things] wherein [there is] no profit.

strength:
Heb. rock

whom:

Hebrews 2:13 And again, I will put my trust in him. And again, Behold I and the children which God hath given me.

buckler:

Psalms 91:4 He shall cover thee with his feathers, and under his wings shalt thou trust: his truth [shall be thy] shield and buckler.
Proverbs 2:7 He layeth up sound wisdom for the righteous: [he is] a buckler to them that walk uprightly.

horn:

Psalms 132:17 There will I make the horn of David to bud: I have ordained a lamp for mine anointed.
2 Samuel 22:3 The God of my rock; in him will I trust: [he is] my shield, and the horn of my salvation, my high tower, and my refuge, my saviour; thou savest me from violence.

high:

Proverbs 18:10 The name of the LORD [is] a strong tower: the righteous runneth into it, and is safe.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

2S 22:3. Ps 28:1; 62:2, 7; 91:2, 4; 132:17; 144:2. Pv 2:7; 18:10. Is 32:2. Jr 16:19. He 2:13.

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