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Psalms 16:10 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For thou wilt not leave my soul to Sheol; Neither wilt thou suffer thy holy one to see corruption.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For You will not abandon my soul to Sheol; Nor will You allow Your Holy One to undergo decay.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; neither wilt thou suffer thy Holy One to see corruption.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For thou wilt not leave my soul to Sheol, neither wilt thou allow thy Holy One to see corruption.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For thou wilt not abandon my soul to hades, neither wilt thou suffer thy man of lovingkindness, to see corruption:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— For Thou dost not leave my soul to Sheol, Nor givest thy saintly one to see corruption.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; nor wilt thou give thy holy one to see corruption.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For thou wilt not leaue my soule in hell; neither wilt thou suffer thine holy one to see corruption.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
thou wilt not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
leave 5800
{5800} Prime
עָזַב
`azab
{aw-zab'}
A primitive root; to loosen, that is, relinquish, permit, etc.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
my soul 5315
{5315} Prime
נֶפֶשׁ
nephesh
{neh'-fesh}
From H5314; properly a breathing creature, that is, animal or (abstractly) vitality; used very widely in a literal, accommodated or figurative sense (bodily or mental).
in hell; 7585
{7585} Prime
שְׁאוֹל
sh@'owl
{sheh-ole'}
From H7592; hades or the world of the dead (as if a subterranian retreat), including its accessories and inmates.
neither x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
wilt thou suffer 5414
{5414} Prime
נָתַן
nathan
{naw-than'}
A primitive root; to give, used with great latitude of application (put, make, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
thine Holy One 2623
{2623} Prime
חָסִיד
chaciyd
{khaw-seed'}
From H2616; properly kind, that is, (religiously) pious (a saint).
to see 7200
{7200} Prime
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
corruption. 7845
{7845} Prime
שַׁחַת
shachath
{shakh'-ath}
From H7743; a pit (especially as a trap); figuratively destruction.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 16:10

_ _ soul — or, “self.” This use of “soul” for the person is frequent (Genesis 12:5; Genesis 46:26; Psalms 3:2; Psalms 7:2; Psalms 11:1), even when the body may be the part chiefly affected, as in Psalms 35:13; Psalms 105:18. Some cases are cited, as Leviticus 22:4; Numbers 6:6; Numbers 9:6, Numbers 9:10; Numbers 19:13; Haggai 2:13, etc., which seem to justify assigning the meaning of body, or dead body; but it will be found that the latter sense is given by some adjunct expressed or implied. In those cases person is the proper sense.

_ _ wilt not leave ... hell — abandon to the power of (Job 39:14; Psalms 49:10). Hell as (Genesis 42:38; Psalms 6:5; Jonah 2:2) the state or region of death, and so frequently — or the grave itself (Job 14:13; Job 17:13; Ecclesiastes 9:10, etc.). So the Greek Hades (compare Acts 2:27, Acts 2:31). The context alone can settle whether the state mentioned is one of suffering and place of the damned (compare Psalms 9:17; Proverbs 5:5; Proverbs 7:27).

_ _ wilt ... suffer — literally, “give” or “appoint.”

_ _ Holy One — (Psalms 4:3), one who is the object of God’s favor, and so a recipient of divine grace which he exhibits — pious.

_ _ to see — or, “experience” — undergo (Luke 2:26).

_ _ corruption — Some render the word, the pit, which is possible, but for the obvious sense which the apostle’s exposition (Acts 2:27; Acts 13:36, Acts 13:37) gives. The sense of the whole passage is clearly this: by the use of flesh and soul, the disembodied state produced by death is indicated; but, on the other hand, no more than the state of death is intended; for the last clause of Psalms 16:10 is strictly parallel with the first, and Holy One corresponds to soul, and corruption to hell. As Holy One, or David (Acts 13:36, Acts 13:37), which denotes the person, including soul and body, is used for body, of which only corruption can be predicated (compare Acts 2:31); so, on the contrary, soul, which literally means the immaterial part, is used for the person. The language may be thus paraphrased, “In death I shall hope for resurrection; for I shall not be left under its dominion and within its bounds, or be subject to the corruption which ordinarily ensues.”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 16:8-11.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 16:10

Hell — In the state of the dead. Holy one — Me thy holy son, whom thou hast sanctified and sent into the world. It is peculiar to Christ, to be called the holy one of God. To see — To be corrupted or putrefied in the grave, as the bodies of others are.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 16:10

For thou (i) wilt not leave my soul in hell; neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption.

(i) This is chiefly meant by Christ, by whose resurrection all his members have immortality.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
my:

Psalms 9:17 The wicked shall be turned into hell, [and] all the nations that forget God.
Psalms 49:15 But God will redeem my soul from the power of the grave: for he shall receive me. Selah.
*marg.
Psalms 139:8 If I ascend up into heaven, thou [art] there: if I make my bed in hell, behold, thou [art there].
Leviticus 19:28 Ye shall not make any cuttings in your flesh for the dead, nor print any marks upon you: I [am] the LORD.
Numbers 6:6 All the days that he separateth [himself] unto the LORD he shall come at no dead body.
Deuteronomy 32:22 For a fire is kindled in mine anger, and shall burn unto the lowest hell, and shall consume the earth with her increase, and set on fire the foundations of the mountains.
Job 11:8 [It is] as high as heaven; what canst thou do? deeper than hell; what canst thou know?
Proverbs 15:11 Hell and destruction [are] before the LORD: how much more then the hearts of the children of men?
Proverbs 27:20 Hell and destruction are never full; so the eyes of man are never satisfied.
Isaiah 5:14 Therefore hell hath enlarged herself, and opened her mouth without measure: and their glory, and their multitude, and their pomp, and he that rejoiceth, shall descend into it.
Isaiah 14:9 Hell from beneath is moved for thee to meet [thee] at thy coming: it stirreth up the dead for thee, [even] all the chief ones of the earth; it hath raised up from their thrones all the kings of the nations.
Amos 9:2 Though they dig into hell, thence shall mine hand take them; though they climb up to heaven, thence will I bring them down:
Luke 16:23 And in hell he lift up his eyes, being in torments, and seeth Abraham afar off, and Lazarus in his bosom.
Acts 3:15 And killed the Prince of life, whom God hath raised from the dead; whereof we are witnesses.
1 Corinthians 15:55 O death, where [is] thy sting? O grave, where [is] thy victory?
Revelation 1:18 I [am] he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.
Revelation 20:13 And the sea gave up the dead which were in it; and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them: and they were judged every man according to their works.

hell:
The word hell, from the Saxon hillan or helan, to hide, or from holl, a cavern, though now used only for the place of torment, anciently denoted the concealed or unseen place of the dead in general; corresponding to the Greek αδηϚ, i.e., ο αιδηϚ τοπος, the invisible place and the Hebrew sheol, from shaal, to ask, seek, the place and state of those who are out of the way, and to be sought for.

neither:

Acts 2:27-31 Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell, neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption. ... He seeing this before spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was not left in hell, neither his flesh did see corruption.
Acts 13:35-38 Wherefore he saith also in another [psalm], Thou shalt not suffer thine Holy One to see corruption. ... Be it known unto you therefore, men [and] brethren, that through this man is preached unto you the forgiveness of sins:
1 Corinthians 15:42 So also [is] the resurrection of the dead. It is sown in corruption; it is raised in incorruption:
1 Corinthians 15:50-54 Now this I say, brethren, that flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God; neither doth corruption inherit incorruption. ... So when this corruptible shall have put on incorruption, and this mortal shall have put on immortality, then shall be brought to pass the saying that is written, Death is swallowed up in victory.

thine:

Daniel 9:24 Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.
Luke 1:35 And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.
Luke 4:34 Saying, Let [us] alone; what have we to do with thee, [thou] Jesus of Nazareth? art thou come to destroy us? I know thee who thou art; the Holy One of God.
Acts 3:14 But ye denied the Holy One and the Just, and desired a murderer to be granted unto you;
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 19:28. Nu 6:6. Dt 32:22. Jb 11:8. Ps 9:17; 49:15; 139:8. Pv 15:11; 27:20. Is 5:14; 14:9. Dn 9:24. Am 9:2. Lk 1:35; 4:34; 16:23. Ac 2:27; 3:14, 15; 13:35. 1Co 15:42, 50, 55. Rv 1:18; 20:13.

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