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Psalms 144:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [[[A Psalm] of David.]] Blessed be Jehovah my rock, Who teacheth my hands to war, [And] my fingers to fight:
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [[[A Psalm] of David.]] Blessed [be] the LORD my strength, which teacheth my hands to war, [and] my fingers to fight:
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [[[A Psalm] of David.]] Blessed be the LORD, my rock, Who trains my hands for war, [And] my fingers for battle;
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [[[A Psalm] of David.]] Blessed [be] the LORD my strength, who teacheth my hands to war, [and] my fingers to fight;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— [[[A Psalm] of David.]] Blessed be Jehovah my rock, who teacheth my hands to war, my fingers to fight;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [[David's.]] Blessed be Yahweh, my Rock, who teacheth my hands to war, my fingers to fight:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— By David. Blessed [is] Jehovah my rock, who is teaching My hands for war, my fingers for battle.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Blessed be the Lord my God, who teacheth my hands to fight, and my fingers to war.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— [[[A Psalme] of Dauid.]] Blessed [be] the LORD my strength, which teacheth my hands to warre, [and] my fingers to fight.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [[[A Psalm] of David concerning Goliad.]] Blessed [be] the Lord my God, who instructs my hands for battle, [and] my fingers for war.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [[[A Psalm] of Dawid.]] Blessed [be] Yahweh my strength, which teacheth my hands to war, [and] my fingers to fight:

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[[[A Psalm] of Dwi דָּוִד.]] 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
Blessed 1288
{1288} Prime
בּרךְ
barak
{baw-rak'}
A primitive root; to kneel; by implication to bless God (as an act of adoration), and (vice-versa) man (as a benefit); also (by euphemism) to curse (God or the king, as treason).
z8803
<8803> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Passive (See H8815)
Count - 1415
[be] Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
my strength, 6697
{6697} Prime
צוּר
tsuwr
{tsoor}
From H6696; properly a cliff (or sharp rock, as compressed); generally a rock or boulder; figuratively a refuge; also an edge (as precipitous).
which teacheth 3925
{3925} Prime
לָמַד
lamad
{law-mad'}
A primitive root; properly to goad, that is, (by implication) to teach (the rod being an Oriental incentive).
z8764
<8764> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 685
my hands 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
to war, 7128
{7128} Prime
קְרָב
q@rab
{ker-awb'}
From H7126; hostile encounter.
[and] my fingers 676
{0676} Prime
אֶצְבַּע
'etsba`
{ets-bah'}
From the same as H6648 (in the sense of grasping); some thing to seize with, that is, a finger; by analogy a toe.
to fight: 4421
{4421} Prime
מִלְחָמָה
milchamah
{mil-khaw-maw'}
From H3898 (in the sense of fighting); a battle (that is, the engagement); generally war (that is, warfare).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 144:1-15

_ _ Psalms 144:1-15. David’s praise of God as his all-sufficient help is enhanced by a recognition of the intrinsic worthlessness of man. Confidently imploring God’s interposition against his enemies, he breaks forth into praise and joyful anticipations of the prosperity of his kingdom, when freed from vain and wicked men.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 144:1-8

_ _ Here, I. David acknowledges his dependence upon God and his obligations to him, Psalms 144:1, Psalms 144:2. A prayer for further mercy is fitly begun with a thanksgiving for former mercy; and when we are waiting upon God to bless us we should stir up ourselves to bless him. He gives to God the glory of two things: —

_ _ 1. What he was to him: Blessed be the Lord my rock (Psalms 144:1), my goodness, my fortress, Psalms 144:2. He has in the covenant engaged himself to be so, and encouraged us, accordingly, to depend upon him; all the saints, who by faith have made him theirs, have found him not only to answer but to out do their expectations. David speaks of it here as the matter of his trust, and that which made him easy, as the matter of his triumph, and that which made him glad, and in which he gloried. See how he multiplies words to express the satisfaction he had in God and his interest in him. (1.) “He is my strength, on whom I stay, and from whom I have power both for my work and for my warfare, my rock to build on, to take shelter in.” Even when we are weak we may be strong in the Lord and in the power of his might. (2.) “My goodness, not only good to me, but my chief good, in whose favour I place my felicity, and who is the author of all the goodness that is in me, and from whom comes every good and perfect gift.” (3.) “My fortress, and my high tower, in whom I think myself as safe as ever any prince thought himself in a castle or strong-hold.” David had formerly sheltered himself in strong-holds at En-gedi (1 Samuel 23:29), which perhaps were natural fastnesses. He had lately made himself master of the strong-hold of Zion, which was fortified by art, and he dwelt in the fort (2 Samuel 5:7, 2 Samuel 5:9), but he depends not on these. “Lord,” says he, “thou art my fortress and my high tower.” The divine attributes and promises are fortifications to a believer, far exceeding those either of nature or art. (4.) My deliverer, and, as it is in the original, very emphatically, my deliverer to me, “not only a deliverer I have interest in, but who is always nigh unto me and makes all my deliverances turn to my real benefit.” (5.) “My shield, to guard me against all the malignant darts that my enemies let fly at me, not only my fortress at home, but my shield abroad in the field of battle.” Wherever a believer goes he carries his protection along with him. Fear not, Abram, I am thy shield.

_ _ 2. What he had done for him. He was bred a shepherd, and seems not to have been designed by his parents, or himself for any thing more. But, (1.) God had made him a soldier. His hands had been used to the crook and his fingers to the harp, but God taught his hands to war and his fingers to fight, because he designed him for Israel's champion; and what God calls men to he either finds them or makes them fit for. Let the men of war give God the glory of all their military skill; the same that teaches the meanest husbandman his art teaches the greatest general his. It is a pity that any whose fingers God has taught to fight should fight against him or his kingdom among men. Those have special reason to acknowledge God with thankfulness who prove to be qualified for services which they themselves never thought of. (2.) God had made him a sovereign prince, had taught him to wield the sceptre as well as the sword, to rule as well as fight, the harder and nobler art of the two: He subdueth my people under me. The providence of God is to be acknowledged in making people subject to their prince, and so preserving the order and benefit of societies. There was a special hand of God inclining the people of Israel to be subject to David, pursuant to the promise God had made him; and it was typical of that great act of divine grace, the bringing of souls into subjection to the Lord Jesus and making them willing in the day of his power.

_ _ II. He admires God's condescension to man and to himself in particular (Psalms 144:3, Psalms 144:4): “Lord, what is man, what a poor little thing is he, that thou takest knowledge of him, that thou makest account of him, that he falls so much under thy cognizance and care, and that thou hast such a tender regard to any of that mean and worthless race as thou hast had to me!” Considering the many disgraces which the human nature lies under, we have reason to admire the honours God has put upon mankind in general (the saints especially, some in a particular manner, as David) and upon the Messiah (to whom those words are applied, Hebrews 2:6), who was highly exalted because he humbled himself to be found in fashion as a man, and has authority to execute judgment because he is the Son of man. A question to this purport David asked (Psalms 8:4), and he illustrated the wonder by the consideration of the great dignity God has placed man in (Psalms 8:5), Thou hast crowned him with glory and honour. Here he illustrates it by the consideration of the meanness and mortality of man, notwithstanding the dignity put upon him (Psalms 144:4): Man is like to vanity; so frail is he, so weak, so helpless, compassed about with so many infirmities, and his continuance here so very short and uncertain, that he is as like as may be to vanity itself. Nay, he is vanity, he is so at his best estate. His days have little substance in them, considering how many of the thoughts and cares of an immortal soul are employed about a poor dying body; they are as a shadow, dark and flitting, transitory and finishing with the sun, and, when that sets, resolving itself into all shadow. They are as a shadow that passeth away, and there is no loss of it. David puts himself into the number of those that are thus mean and despicable.

_ _ III. He begs of God to strengthen him and give him success against the enemies that invaded him, Psalms 144:5-8. He does not specify who they were that he was in fear of, but says, Scatter them, destroy them. God knew whom he meant, though he did not name them. But afterwards he describes them (Psalms 144:7, Psalms 144:8): “They are strange children, Philistines, aliens, bad neighbours to Israel, heathens, whom we are bound to be strange to and not to make any leagues with, and who therefore carry it strangely towards us.” Notwithstanding the advantages with which God had blessed David's arms against them, they were still vexatious and treacherous, and men that one could put no confidence in: “One cannot take their word, for their mouth speaketh vanity; nay, if they give their hand upon it, or offer their hand to help you, there is no trusting them; for their right hand is a right hand of falsehood.” Against such as these we cannot defend ourselves, but we may depend on the God of truth and justice, who hates falsehood, to defend us from them. 1. David prays that God would appear, that he would do something extraordinary, for the conviction of those who preferred their dunghill-deities before the God of Israel (Psalms 144:5): “Bow thy heavens, O Lord! and make it evident that they are indeed thine, and that thou art the Lord of them, Isaiah 66:1. Let thy providence threaten my enemies, and look black upon them, as the clouds do on the earth when they are thick, and hang very low, big with a storm. Fight against those that fight against us, so that it may visibly appear that thou art for us. Touch the mountains, our strong and stately enemies, and let them smoke. Show thyself by the ministry of thy angels, as thou didst upon Mount Sinai.” 2. That he would appear against his enemies, that he would fight from heaven against them, as sometimes he had done, by lightnings, which are his arrows (his fiery darts, against which the hardest steel is no armour of proof, so penetrating is the force of lightning), that he himself would shoot these arrows, who, we are sure, never misses his mark, but hits where he aims. 3. That he would appear for him, Psalms 144:7. He begs for their destruction, in order to his own deliverance and the repose of his people: “Send thy hand, thy power, from above, for that way we look for help; rid me and deliver me out of these great waters that are ready to overflow me.” God's time to help his people is when they are sinking and all other helps fail.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 144:1

"[A Psalm] of David." Blessed [be] the LORD my strength, which (a) teacheth my hands to war, [and] my fingers to fight:

(a) Who out of a poor shepherd has made a valiant warrior and mighty conqueror.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
my strength:
Heb. my rock,
Psalms 18:2 The LORD [is] my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer; my God, my strength, in whom I will trust; my buckler, and the horn of my salvation, [and] my high tower.
Psalms 18:31 For who [is] God save the LORD? or who [is] a rock save our God?
Psalms 71:3 Be thou my strong habitation, whereunto I may continually resort: thou hast given commandment to save me; for thou [art] my rock and my fortress.
Psalms 95:1 O come, let us sing unto the LORD: let us make a joyful noise to the rock of our salvation.
Deuteronomy 32:30-31 How should one chase a thousand, and two put ten thousand to flight, except their Rock had sold them, and the LORD had shut them up? ... For their rock [is] not as our Rock, even our enemies themselves [being] judges.
Isaiah 26:4 Trust ye in the LORD for ever: for in the LORD JEHOVAH [is] everlasting strength:
*marg.
Isaiah 45:24 Surely, shall [one] say, in the LORD have I righteousness and strength: [even] to him shall [men] come; and all that are incensed against him shall be ashamed.

teacheth:

Psalms 18:34 He teacheth my hands to war, so that a bow of steel is broken by mine arms.
Psalms 44:3-4 For they got not the land in possession by their own sword, neither did their own arm save them: but thy right hand, and thine arm, and the light of thy countenance, because thou hadst a favour unto them. ... Thou art my King, O God: command deliverances for Jacob.
Psalms 60:12 Through God we shall do valiantly: for he [it is that] shall tread down our enemies.
2 Samuel 22:35 He teacheth my hands to war; so that a bow of steel is broken by mine arms.
2 Corinthians 10:4 (For the weapons of our warfare [are] not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds;)
Ephesians 6:10-11 Finally, my brethren, be strong in the Lord, and in the power of his might. ... Put on the whole armour of God, that ye may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil.

to war:
or, to the war, etc.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 32:30. 2S 22:35. Ps 18:2, 31, 34; 44:3; 60:12; 71:3; 95:1. Is 26:4; 45:24. 2Co 10:4. Ep 6:10.

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