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Psalms 143:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Therefore is my spirit overwhelmed within me; My heart within me is desolate.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Therefore is my spirit overwhelmed within me; my heart within me is desolate.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Therefore my spirit is overwhelmed within me; My heart is appalled within me.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Therefore is my spirit overwhelmed within me; my heart within me is desolate.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— And my spirit is overwhelmed within me; my heart within me is desolate.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Therefore hath my spirit, fainted concerning myself, Within me, hath, my heart, been confounded.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— And my spirit in me is become feeble, Within me is my heart become desolate.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— And my spirit is in anguish within me: my heart within me is troubled.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Therefore is my spirit ouerwhelmed within me: my heart within me is desolate.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Therefore my spirit was grieved in me; my heart was troubled within me.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Therefore is my spirit overwhelmed within me; my heart within me is desolate.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Therefore is my spirit 7307
{7307} Prime
רוּחַ
ruwach
{roo'-akh}
From H7306; wind; by resemblance breath, that is, a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being (including its expression and functions).
overwhelmed 5848
{5848} Prime
עָטַף
`ataph
{aw-taf'}
A primitive root; to shroud, that is, clothe (whether transitively or reflexively); hence (from the idea of darkness) to languish.
z8691
<8691> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 533
within x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
me; my heart 3820
{3820} Prime
לֵב
leb
{labe}
A form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything.
within 8432
{8432} Prime
תָּוֶךְ
tavek
{taw'-vek}
From an unused root meaning to sever; a bisection, that is, (by implication) the centre.
me is desolate. 8074
{8074} Prime
שָׁמֵם
shamem
{shaw-mame'}
A primitive root; to stun (or intransitively grow numb), that is, devastate or (figuratively) stupefy (both usually in a passive sense).
z8709
<8709> Grammar
Stem - Hithpolel (See H8824)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 45
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 143:3-4.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 143:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 143:4

Therefore is my spirit overwhelmed within me; my (e) heart within me is desolate.

(e) So that only by faith and by the grace of God's Spirit was he upheld.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
is my spirit:

Psalms 55:5 Fearfulness and trembling are come upon me, and horror hath overwhelmed me.
Psalms 61:2 From the end of the earth will I cry unto thee, when my heart is overwhelmed: lead me to the rock [that] is higher than I.
Psalms 77:3 I remembered God, and was troubled: I complained, and my spirit was overwhelmed. Selah.
Psalms 102:1 [[A Prayer of the afflicted, when he is overwhelmed, and poureth out his complaint before the LORD.]] Hear my prayer, O LORD, and let my cry come unto thee.
*title
Psalms 124:4 Then the waters had overwhelmed us, the stream had gone over our soul:
Psalms 142:3 When my spirit was overwhelmed within me, then thou knewest my path. In the way wherein I walked have they privily laid a snare for me.
Job 6:27 Yea, ye overwhelm the fatherless, and ye dig [a pit] for your friend.

my heart:

Psalms 25:16 Turn thee unto me, and have mercy upon me; for I [am] desolate and afflicted.
Psalms 102:3-4 For my days are consumed like smoke, and my bones are burned as an hearth. ... My heart is smitten, and withered like grass; so that I forget to eat my bread.
Psalms 119:81-83 CAPH. My soul fainteth for thy salvation: [but] I hope in thy word. ... For I am become like a bottle in the smoke; [yet] do I not forget thy statutes.
Luke 22:44 And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground.
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