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Psalms 142:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [[Maschil of David, when he was in the cave; a Prayer.]] I cry with my voice unto Jehovah; With my voice unto Jehovah do I make supplication.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [[Maschil of David; A Prayer when he was in the cave.]] I cried unto the LORD with my voice; with my voice unto the LORD did I make my supplication.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [[Maskil of David, when he was in the cave. A Prayer.]] I cry aloud with my voice to the LORD; I make supplication with my voice to the LORD.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [[Maschil of David; a prayer when he was in the cave.]] I cried to the LORD with my voice; with my voice to the LORD I made my supplication.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— [[An instruction of David; when he was in the cave: a prayer.]] I cry unto Jehovah with my voice: with my voice unto Jehovah do I make supplication.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [[An Instructive Psalm of David. When he was in the Cave. A Prayer.]] With my voice—to Yahweh, make I outcry, With my voice—to Yahweh, make I supplication:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— An Instruction of David, a Prayer when he is in the cave. My voice [is] unto Jehovah, I cry, My voice [is] unto Jehovah, I entreat grace.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Of understanding for David, A prayer when he was in the cave. [1 Samuel 24] I cried to the Lord with my voice: with my voice I made supplication to the Lord.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— [[Maschil of Dauid; A prayer when he was in the caue.]] I cried vnto the LORD with my voice: with my voice vnto the LORD did I make my supplication.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [[[A Psalm] of instruction for David, when he was in the cave,-- a Prayer.]] I cried to the Lord with my voice; with my voice I made supplication to the Lord.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [[Maskil of Dawid; A Prayer when he was in the cave.]] I cried unto Yahweh with my voice; with my voice unto Yahweh did I make my supplication.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[[Ma$cl מַשׂכִּיל 4905
{4905} Prime
מַשְׂכִּיל
maskiyl
{mas-keel'}
From H7919; instructive, that is, a didactic poem.
z8688
<8688> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Participle (See H8813)
Count - 857
of Dwi דָּוִד; 1732
{1732} Prime
דָּוִד
David
{daw-veed'}
From the same as H1730; loving; David, the youngest son of Jesse.
A Prayer 8605
{8605} Prime
תְּפִלָּה
t@phillah
{tef-il-law'}
From H6419; intercession, supplication; by implication a hymn.
when he was x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
in the cave.]] 4631
{4631} Prime
מְעָרָה
m@`arah
{meh-aw-raw'}
From H5783; a cavern (as dark).
I cried 2199
{2199} Prime
זָעַק
za`aq
{zaw-ak'}
A primitive root; to shriek (from anguish or danger); by analogy (as a herald) to announce or convene publicly.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
with my voice; 6963
{6963} Prime
קוֹל
qowl
{kole}
From an unused root meaning to call aloud; a voice or sound.
with my voice 6963
{6963} Prime
קוֹל
qowl
{kole}
From an unused root meaning to call aloud; a voice or sound.
unto x413
(0413) Complement
אֵל
'el
{ale}
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
did I make my supplication. 2603
{2603} Prime
חָנַן
chanan
{khaw-nan'}
A primitive root (compare H2583); properly to bend or stoop in kindness to an inferior; to favor, bestow; causatively to implore (that is, move to favor by petition).
z8691
<8691> Grammar
Stem - Hithpael (See H8819)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 533
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 142:1

_ _ Psalms 142:1-7. Maschil — (See on Psalms 32:1, title). When he was in the cave — either of Adullam (1 Samuel 22:1), or En-gedi (1 Samuel 24:3). This does not mean that the Psalm was composed in the cave, but that the precarious mode of life, of which his refuge in caves was a striking illustration, occasioned the complaint, which constitutes the first part of the Psalm and furnishes the reason for the prayer with which it concludes, and which, as the prominent characteristic, gives its name.

_ _ with my voice — audibly, because earnestly.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 142:1-3

_ _ Whether it was in the cave of Adullam, or that of Engedi, that David prayed this prayer, is not material; it is plain that he was in distress. It was a great disgrace to so great a soldier, so great a courtier, to be put to such shifts for his own safety, and a great terror to be so hotly pursued and every moment in expectation of death; yet then he had such a presence of mind as to pray this prayer, and, wherever he was, still had his religion about him. Prayers and tears were his weapons, and, when he durst not stretch forth his hands against his prince, he lifted them up to his God. There is no cave so deep, so dark, but we may out of it send up our prayers, and our souls in prayer, to God. He calls this prayer Maschila psalm of instruction, because of the good lessons he had himself learnt in the cave, learnt on his knees, which he desired to teach others. In these verses observe,

_ _ I. How David complained to God, Psalms 142:1, Psalms 142:2. When the danger was over he was not ashamed to own (as great spirits sometimes are) the fright he had been in and the application he had made to God. Let no men of the first rank think it any diminution or disparagement to them, when they are in affliction, to cry to God, and to cry like children to their parents when any thing frightens them. David poured out his complaint, which denotes a free and full complaint; he was copious and particular in it. His heart was as full of his grievances as it could hold, but he made himself easy by pouring them out before the Lord; and this he did with great fervency: He cried unto the Lord with his voice, with the voice of his mind (so some think), for, being hidden in the cave, he durst not speak with an audible voice, lest that should betray him; but mental prayer is vocal to God, and he hears the groanings which cannot, or dare not, be uttered, Romans 8:26. Two things David laid open to God, in this complaint: — 1. His distress. He exhibited a remonstrance or memorial of his case: I showed before him my trouble, and all the circumstances of it. He did not prescribe to God, nor show him his trouble, as if God did not know it without his showing; but as one that put a confidence in God, desired to keep up communion with him, and was willing to refer himself entirely to him, he unbosomed himself to him, humbly laid the matter before him, and then cheerfully left it with him. We are apt to show our trouble too much to ourselves, aggravating it, and poring upon it, which does us no service, whereas by showing it to God we might cast the care upon him who careth for us, and thereby ease ourselves. Nor should we allow of any complaint to ourselves or others which we cannot with due decency and sincerity of devotion make to God, and stand to before him. 2. His desire. When he made his complaint he made his supplication (Psalms 142:1), not claiming relief as a debt, but humbly begging it as a favour. Complainants must be suppliants, for God will be sought unto.

_ _ II. What he complained of: “In the way wherein I walked, suspecting no danger, have they privily laid a snare for me, to entrap me.” Saul gave Michal his daughter to David on purpose that she might be a snare to him, 1 Samuel 18:21. This he complains of to God, that every thing was done with a design against him. If he had gone out of his way, and met with snares, he might have thanked himself; but when he met with them in the way of his duty he might with humble boldness tell God of them.

_ _ III. What comforted him in the midst of these complaints (Psalms 142:3): “When my spirit was overwhelmed within me, and ready to sink under the burden of grief and fear, when I was quite at a loss and ready to despair, then thou knewest my path, that is, then it was a pleasure to me to think that thou knewest it. Thou knewest my sincerity, the right path which I have walked in, and that I am not such a one as my persecutors represent me. Thou knewest my condition in all the particulars of it; when my spirit was so overwhelmed that I could not distinctly show it, this comforted me, that thou knewest it, Job 23:10. Thou knewest it, that is, thou didst protect, preserve, and secure it,” Psalms 31:7; Deuteronomy 2:7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 142:1

"Maschil of David; A Prayer when he was in the cave." I cried unto the LORD with my voice; with my voice unto the LORD did I (a) make my supplication.

(a) David's patience and constant prayer to God condemns their wicked rage, who in their troubles either despair and murmur against God, or else seek other than God, to have relief in their miseries.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
A Prayer:
David was twice in great peril in caves. On one occasion, in the cave of Adullam, when he fled from Achish king of Gath; and on another, in the cave of Engedi, where he had taken refuge from the pursuit of Saul. It is not certain to which of these events this Psalm refers; though probably to the former.

when he was:

1 Samuel 22:1-2 David therefore departed thence, and escaped to the cave Adullam: and when his brethren and all his father's house heard [it], they went down thither to him. ... And every one [that was] in distress, and every one that [was] in debt, and every one [that was] discontented, gathered themselves unto him; and he became a captain over them: and there were with him about four hundred men.
1 Samuel 24:3 And he came to the sheepcotes by the way, where [was] a cave; and Saul went in to cover his feet: and David and his men remained in the sides of the cave.
Hebrews 11:38 (Of whom the world was not worthy:) they wandered in deserts, and [in] mountains, and [in] dens and caves of the earth.

with my voice:

Psalms 28:2 Hear the voice of my supplications, when I cry unto thee, when I lift up my hands toward thy holy oracle.
Psalms 77:1-2 [[To the chief Musician, to Jeduthun, A Psalm of Asaph.]] I cried unto God with my voice, [even] unto God with my voice; and he gave ear unto me. ... In the day of my trouble I sought the Lord: my sore ran in the night, and ceased not: my soul refused to be comforted.
Psalms 141:1 [[A Psalm of David.]] LORD, I cry unto thee: make haste unto me; give ear unto my voice, when I cry unto thee.
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1S 22:1; 24:3. Ps 28:2; 77:1; 141:1. He 11:38.

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