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Psalms 141:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Incline not my heart to any evil thing, To practise deeds of wickedness With men that work iniquity: And let me not eat of their dainties.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Incline not my heart to [any] evil thing, to practise wicked works with men that work iniquity: and let me not eat of their dainties.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Do not incline my heart to any evil thing, To practice deeds of wickedness With men who do iniquity; And do not let me eat of their delicacies.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Incline not my heart to [any] evil thing, to practice wicked works with men that work iniquity: and let me not eat of their dainties.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Incline not my heart to any evil thing, to practise deeds of wickedness with men that are workers of iniquity; and let me not eat of their dainties.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Let not my heart incline to a matter of wrong, that I should busy myself with practices in lawlessness, with men working iniquity, and let me not eat of their dainties.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Incline not my heart to an evil thing, To do habitually actions in wickedness, With men working iniquity, Yea, I eat not of their pleasant things.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Incline not my heart to evil words; to make excuses in sins. With men that work iniquity: and I will not communicate with the choicest of them.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Incline not my heart to any euill thing, to practise wicked workes with men that worke iniquitie: and let mee not eate of their dainties.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Incline not my heart to evil things, to employ pretexts for sins, with me who work iniquity: and let me not unite with their choice ones.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Incline not my heart to [any] evil thing, to practise wicked works with men that work iniquity: and let me not eat of their dainties.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Incline 5186
{5186} Prime
נָטָה
natah
{naw-taw'}
A primitive root; to stretch or spread out; by implication to bend away (including moral deflection); used in a great variety of applications.
z8686
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
not x408
(0408) Complement
אַל
'al
{al}
A negative particle (akin to H3808); not (the qualified negation, used as a deprecative); once (Job 24:25) as a noun, nothing.
my heart 3820
{3820} Prime
לֵב
leb
{labe}
A form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything.
to [any] evil 7451
{7451} Prime
רָע
ra`
{rah}
From H7489; bad or (as noun) evil (naturally or morally). This includes the second (feminine) form; as adjective or noun.
thing, 1697
{1697} Prime
דָּבָר
dabar
{daw-baw'}
From H1696; a word; by implication a matter (as spoken of) or thing; adverbially a cause.
to practise 5953
{5953} Prime
עָלַל
`alal
{aw-lal'}
A primitive root; to effect thoroughly; specifically to glean (also figuratively); by implication (in a bad sense) to overdo, that is, maltreat, be saucy to, pain, impose (also literally).
z8705
<8705> Grammar
Stem - Hithpoel (See H8823)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 3
wicked 7562
{7562} Prime
רֶשַׁע
resha`
{reh'-shah}
From H7561; a wrong (especially moral).
works 5949
{5949} Prime
עֲלִילָה
`aliylah
{al-ee-law'}
From H5953 in the sense of effecting; an exploit (of God), or a performance (of man, often in a bad sense); by implication an opportunity.
with x854
(0854) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
men 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
that work 6466
{6466} Prime
פָּעַל
pa`al
{paw-al'}
A primitive root; to do or make (systematically and habitually), especially to practise.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
iniquity: 205
{0205} Prime
אָוֶן
'aven
{aw-ven'}
From an unused root perhaps meaning properly to pant (hence to exert oneself, usually in vain; to come to naught); strictly nothingness; also trouble, vanity, wickedness; specifically an idol.
and let me not x1077
(1077) Complement
בַּל
bal
{bal}
From H1086; properly a failure; by implication nothing; usually (adverbially) not at all; also lest.
eat 3898
{3898} Prime
לָחַם
lacham
{law-kham'}
A primitive root; to feed on; figuratively to consume; by implication to battle (as destruction).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
of their dainties. 4516
{4516} Prime
מַנְעָם
man`am
{man-am'}
From H5276; a delicacy.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 141:1-10.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 141:1-4.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 141:4

Incline not — Suffer it not to be inclined. Heart — Keep me not only from wicked speeches, but from all evil motions of my heart. Dainties — The pleasures or advantages which they gain by their wickedness.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 141:4

Incline not my heart to [any] evil thing, to practise wicked works with men that work iniquity: and let me not eat of their (d) dainties.

(d) Let not their prosperity lure me to be wicked as they are.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Incline not:

Psalms 119:36 Incline my heart unto thy testimonies, and not to covetousness.
Deuteronomy 2:30 But Sihon king of Heshbon would not let us pass by him: for the LORD thy God hardened his spirit, and made his heart obstinate, that he might deliver him into thy hand, as [appeareth] this day.
Deuteronomy 29:4 Yet the LORD hath not given you an heart to perceive, and eyes to see, and ears to hear, unto this day.
1 Kings 8:58 That he may incline our hearts unto him, to walk in all his ways, and to keep his commandments, and his statutes, and his judgments, which he commanded our fathers.
1 Kings 22:22 And the LORD said unto him, Wherewith? And he said, I will go forth, and I will be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets. And he said, Thou shalt persuade [him], and prevail also: go forth, and do so.
Isaiah 63:17 O LORD, why hast thou made us to err from thy ways, [and] hardened our heart from thy fear? Return for thy servants' sake, the tribes of thine inheritance.
Matthew 6:13 And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen.
James 1:13 Let no man say when he is tempted, I am tempted of God: for God cannot be tempted with evil, neither tempteth he any man:

to practice:

1 Corinthians 15:33 Be not deceived: evil communications corrupt good manners.
2 Corinthians 6:17 Wherefore come out from among them, and be ye separate, saith the Lord, and touch not the unclean [thing]; and I will receive you,
Revelation 18:4 And I heard another voice from heaven, saying, Come out of her, my people, that ye be not partakers of her sins, and that ye receive not of her plagues.

and let me:

Numbers 25:2 And they called the people unto the sacrifices of their gods: and the people did eat, and bowed down to their gods.
Proverbs 23:1-3 When thou sittest to eat with a ruler, consider diligently what [is] before thee: ... Be not desirous of his dainties: for they [are] deceitful meat.
Proverbs 23:6-8 Eat thou not the bread of [him that hath] an evil eye, neither desire thou his dainty meats: ... The morsel [which] thou hast eaten shalt thou vomit up, and lose thy sweet words.
Daniel 1:5-8 And the king appointed them a daily provision of the king's meat, and of the wine which he drank: so nourishing them three years, that at the end thereof they might stand before the king. ... But Daniel purposed in his heart that he would not defile himself with the portion of the king's meat, nor with the wine which he drank: therefore he requested of the prince of the eunuchs that he might not defile himself.
Acts 10:13-14 And there came a voice to him, Rise, Peter; kill, and eat. ... But Peter said, Not so, Lord; for I have never eaten any thing that is common or unclean.
1 Corinthians 10:27-28 If any of them that believe not bid you [to a feast], and ye be disposed to go; whatsoever is set before you, eat, asking no question for conscience sake. ... But if any man say unto you, This is offered in sacrifice unto idols, eat not for his sake that shewed it, and for conscience sake: for the earth [is] the Lord's, and the fulness thereof:
1 Corinthians 10:31 Whether therefore ye eat, or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Nu 25:2. Dt 2:30; 29:4. 1K 8:58; 22:22. Ps 119:36. Pv 23:1, 6. Is 63:17. Dn 1:5. Mt 6:13. Ac 10:13. 1Co 10:27, 31; 15:33. 2Co 6:17. Jm 1:13. Rv 18:4.

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