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Psalms 140:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Keep me, O Jehovah, from the hands of the wicked; Preserve me from the violent man: Who have purposed to thrust aside my steps.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Keep me, O LORD, from the hands of the wicked; preserve me from the violent man; who have purposed to overthrow my goings.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Keep me, O LORD, from the hands of the wicked; Preserve me from violent men Who have purposed to trip up my feet.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Keep me, O LORD, from the hands of the wicked; preserve me from the violent man; who have purposed to overthrow my goings.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Keep me, O Jehovah, from the hands of the wicked [man], preserve me from the violent man, who devise to overthrow my steps.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Keep me, O Yahweh, from the hands of the lawless one, From the man of violence, wilt thou preserve me,—who have devised, to thrust at my steps:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Preserve me, Jehovah, from the hands of the wicked, From one of violence Thou keepest me, Who have devised to overthrow my steps.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Keep me, O Lord, from the hand of the wicked: and from unjust men deliver me. Who have proposed to supplant my steps:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Keepe me, O LORD, from the hands of the wicked, preserue me from the violent man: who haue purposed to ouerthrow my goings.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Keep me, O Lord, from the hand of the sinner; rescue me from unjust men; who have purposed to overthrow my goings.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Keep me, O Yahweh, from the hands of the wicked; preserve me from the violent man; who have purposed to overthrow my goings.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Keep 8104
{8104} Prime
שָׁמַר
shamar
{shaw-mar'}
A primitive root; properly to hedge about (as with thorns), that is, guard; generally to protect, attend to, etc.
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
me, O Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
from the hands 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of the wicked; 7563
{7563} Prime
רָשָׁע
rasha`
{raw-shaw'}
From H7561; morally wrong; concretely an (actively) bad person.
preserve 5341
{5341} Prime
נָצַר
natsar
{naw-tsar'}
A primitive root; to guard, in a good sense (to protect, maintain, obey, etc.) or a bad one (to conceal, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
me from the violent y2555
[2555] Standard
חָמָס
chamac
{khaw-mawce'}
From H2554; violence; by implication wrong; by metonymy unjust gain.
man; 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
x2555
(2555) Complement
חָמָס
chamac
{khaw-mawce'}
From H2554; violence; by implication wrong; by metonymy unjust gain.
who x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
have purposed 2803
{2803} Prime
חָשַׁב
chashab
{khaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to plait or interpenetrate, that is, (literally) to weave or (generally) to fabricate; figuratively to plot or contrive (usually in a malicious sense); hence (from the mental effort) to think, regard, value, compute.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
to overthrow 1760
{1760} Prime
דָּחָה
dachah
{daw-khaw'}
A primitive root; to push down.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
my goings. 6471
{6471} Prime
פַּעַם
pa`am
{pah'-am}
From H6470; a stroke, literally or figuratively (in various applications).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 140:2-5.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 140:1-7.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 140:4

Keep (d) me, O LORD, from the hands of the wicked; preserve me from the violent man; who have purposed to overthrow my goings.

(d) He declares the remedy of the godly, when they are oppressed by the worldlings.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Keep me:

Psalms 17:8-9 Keep me as the apple of the eye, hide me under the shadow of thy wings, ... From the wicked that oppress me, [from] my deadly enemies, [who] compass me about.
Psalms 36:11 Let not the foot of pride come against me, and let not the hand of the wicked remove me.
Psalms 37:32 The wicked watcheth the righteous, and seeketh to slay him.
Psalms 37:33-40 The LORD will not leave him in his hand, nor condemn him when he is judged. ... And the LORD shall help them, and deliver them: he shall deliver them from the wicked, and save them, because they trust in him.
Psalms 55:1-3 [[To the chief Musician on Neginoth, Maschil, [A Psalm] of David.]] Give ear to my prayer, O God; and hide not thyself from my supplication. ... Because of the voice of the enemy, because of the oppression of the wicked: for they cast iniquity upon me, and in wrath they hate me.
Psalms 71:4 Deliver me, O my God, out of the hand of the wicked, out of the hand of the unrighteous and cruel man.

preserve:

Psalms 140:1 [[To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.]] Deliver me, O LORD, from the evil man: preserve me from the violent man;

overthrow:

Psalms 17:5 Hold up my goings in thy paths, [that] my footsteps slip not.
Proverbs 18:5 [It is] not good to accept the person of the wicked, to overthrow the righteous in judgment.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 17:5, 8; 36:11; 37:32, 33; 55:1; 71:4; 140:1. Pv 18:5.

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