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Psalms 14:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Have all the workers of iniquity no knowledge, Who eat up my people [as] they eat bread, And call not upon Jehovah?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Have all the workers of iniquity no knowledge? who eat up my people [as] they eat bread, and call not upon the LORD.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Do all the workers of wickedness not know, Who eat up my people [as] they eat bread, [And] do not call upon the Lord?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Have all the workers of iniquity no knowledge? who eat up my people [as] they eat bread, and call not upon the LORD.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Have all the workers of iniquity no knowledge, eating up my people [as] they eat bread? They call not upon Jehovah.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Are all the workers of iniquity, without knowledge? devouring my people [as] they devour food! Upon Yahweh, have they not called.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Have all working iniquity not known? Those consuming my people have eaten bread, Jehovah they have not called.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Shall not all they know that work iniquity, who devour my people as they eat bread?
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Haue all the workers of iniquity no knowledge? who eate vp my people [as] they eate bread, and call not vpon the LORD.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Will not all the workers of iniquity know, who eat up my people as they would eat bread? they have not called upon the Lord.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Have all the workers of iniquity no knowledge? who eat up my people [as] they eat bread, and call not upon Yahweh.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Have all x3605
(3605) Complement
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
the workers 6466
{6466} Prime
A primitive root; to do or make (systematically and habitually), especially to practise.
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
of iniquity 205
{0205} Prime
From an unused root perhaps meaning properly to pant (hence to exert oneself, usually in vain; to come to naught); strictly nothingness; also trouble, vanity, wickedness; specifically an idol.
no x3808
(3808) Complement
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
knowledge? 3045
{3045} Prime
A primitive root; to know (properly to ascertain by seeing); used in a great variety of senses, figuratively, literally, euphemistically and inferentially (including observation, care, recognition; and causatively instruction, designation, punishment, etc.).
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
who eat up 398
{0398} Prime
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
my people 5971
{5971} Prime
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
[as] they eat 398
{0398} Prime
A primitive root; to eat (literally or figuratively).
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
bread, 3899
{3899} Prime
From H3898; food (for man or beast), especially bread, or grain (for making it).
and call 7121
{7121} Prime
A primitive root (rather identical with H7122 through the idea of accosting a person met); to call out to (that is, properly address by name, but used in a wide variety of applications).
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
not x3808
(3808) Complement
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
upon Yhw יָהוֶה. 3068
{3068} Prime
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 14:4-6

_ _ Their conduct evinces indifference rather than ignorance of God; for when He appears in judgment, they are stricken with great fear.

_ _ who eat up my people — to express their beastly fury (Proverbs 30:14; Habakkuk 3:14). To “call on the Lord” is to worship Him.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 14:4-7

_ _ In these verses the psalmist endeavours,

_ _ I. To convince sinners of the evil and danger of the way they are in, how secure soever they are in that way. Three things he shows them, which, it may be, they are not very willing to see — their wickedness, their folly, and their danger, while they are apt to believe themselves very wise, and good, and safe. See here,

_ _ 1. Their wickedness. This is described in four instances: — (1.) They are themselves workers of iniquity; they design it, they practise it, and take as much pleasure in it as ever any man did in his business. (2.) They eat up God's people with as much greediness as they eat bread, such an innate and inveterate enmity they have to them, and so heartily do they desire their ruin, because they really hate God, whose people they are. It is meat and drink to persecutors to be doing mischief; it is as agreeable to them as their necessary food. They eat up God's people easily, daily, securely, without either check of conscience when they do it or remorse of conscience when they have done it; as Joseph's brethren cast him into a pit and then sat down to eat bread, Genesis 37:24, Genesis 37:25. See Micah 3:2, Micah 3:3. (3.) They call not upon the Lord. Note, Those that care not for God's people, for God's poor, care not for God himself, but live in contempt of him. The reason why people run into all manner of wickedness, even the worst, is because they do not call upon God for his grace. What good can be expected from those that live without prayer? (4.) They shame the counsel of the poor, and upbraid them with making God their refuge, as David's enemies upbraided him, Psalms 11:1. Note, Those are very wicked indeed, and have a great deal to answer for, who not only shake off religion, and live without it themselves, but say and do what they can to put others out of conceit with it that are well-inclined-with the duties of it, as if they were mean, melancholy, and unprofitable, and with the privileges of it, as if they were insufficient to make a man safe and happy. Those that banter religion and religious people will find, to their cost, it is ill jesting with edged-tools and dangerous persecuting those that make God their refuge. Be you not mockers, lest your bands be made strong. He shows them,

_ _ 2. Their folly: They have no knowledge; this is obvious, for if they had any knowledge of God, if they did rightly understand themselves, and would but consider things as men, they would not be so abusive and barbarous as they are to the people of God.

_ _ 3. Their danger (Psalms 14:5): There were they in great fear. There, where they ate up God's people, their own consciences condemned what they did, and filled them with secret terrors; they sweetly sucked the blood of the saints, but in their bowels it is turned, and become the gall of asps. Many instances there have been of proud and cruel persecutors who have been made like Pashur, Magormissabibsterrors to themselves and all about them. Those that will not fear God perhaps may be made to fear at the shaking of a leaf.

_ _ II. He endeavours to comfort the people of God, 1. With what they have. They have God's presence (Psalms 14:5): He is in the generation of the righteous. They have his protection (Psalms 14:6): The Lord is their refuge. This is as much their security as it is the terror of their enemies, who may jeer them for their confidence in God, but cannot jeer them out of it. In the judgment-day it will add to the terror and confusion of sinners to see God own the generation of the righteous, which they have hated and bantered. 2. With what they hope for; and that is the salvation of Israel, Psalms 14:7. When David was driven out by Absalom and his rebellious accomplices, he comforted himself with an assurance that god would in due time turn again his captivity, to the joy of all his good subjects. But surely this pleasing prospect looks further. He had, in the beginning of the psalm, lamented the general corruption of mankind; and, in the melancholy view of that, wishes for the salvation which should be wrought out by the Redeemer, who was expected co come to Zion, to turn away ungodliness from Jacob, Romans 11:26. The world is bad; O that the Messiah would come and change its character! There is a universal corruption; O for the times of reformation! Those will be as joyful times as these are melancholy ones. Then shall God turn again the captivity of his people; for the Redeemer shall ascend on high, and lead captivity captive, and Jacob shall then rejoice. The triumphs of Zion's King will be the joys of Zion's children. The second coming of Christ, finally to extinguish the dominion of sin and Satan, will be the completing of this salvation, which is the hope, and will be the joy, of every Israelite indeed. With the assurance of that we should, in singing this, comfort ourselves and one another, with reference to the present sins of sinners and sufferings of saints.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 14:4

Bread — With as little remorse, and with as much greediness. Call not — They are guilty not only of gross injustice towards men, but also of horrid impiety and contempt of God.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Psalms 94:8-9 Understand, ye brutish among the people: and [ye] fools, when will ye be wise? ... He that planted the ear, shall he not hear? he that formed the eye, shall he not see?
Isaiah 5:13 Therefore my people are gone into captivity, because [they have] no knowledge: and their honourable men [are] famished, and their multitude dried up with thirst.
Isaiah 27:11 When the boughs thereof are withered, they shall be broken off: the women come, [and] set them on fire: for it [is] a people of no understanding: therefore he that made them will not have mercy on them, and he that formed them will shew them no favour.
Isaiah 29:14 Therefore, behold, I will proceed to do a marvellous work among this people, [even] a marvellous work and a wonder: for the wisdom of their wise [men] shall perish, and the understanding of their prudent [men] shall be hid.
Isaiah 44:19-20 And none considereth in his heart, neither [is there] knowledge nor understanding to say, I have burned part of it in the fire; yea, also I have baked bread upon the coals thereof; I have roasted flesh, and eaten [it]: and shall I make the residue thereof an abomination? shall I fall down to the stock of a tree? ... He feedeth on ashes: a deceived heart hath turned him aside, that he cannot deliver his soul, nor say, [Is there] not a lie in my right hand?
Isaiah 45:20 Assemble yourselves and come; draw near together, ye [that are] escaped of the nations: they have no knowledge that set up the wood of their graven image, and pray unto a god [that] cannot save.
Romans 1:21-22 Because that, when they knew God, they glorified [him] not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations, and their foolish heart was darkened. ... Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools,
Romans 1:28 And even as they did not like to retain God in [their] knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient;
2 Corinthians 4:3-4 But if our gospel be hid, it is hid to them that are lost: ... In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them.
Ephesians 4:17-18 This I say therefore, and testify in the Lord, that ye henceforth walk not as other Gentiles walk, in the vanity of their mind, ... Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart:

eat up:

Jeremiah 10:25 Pour out thy fury upon the heathen that know thee not, and upon the families that call not on thy name: for they have eaten up Jacob, and devoured him, and consumed him, and have made his habitation desolate.
Amos 8:4 Hear this, O ye that swallow up the needy, even to make the poor of the land to fail,
Micah 3:2-3 Who hate the good, and love the evil; who pluck off their skin from off them, and their flesh from off their bones; ... Who also eat the flesh of my people, and flay their skin from off them; and they break their bones, and chop them in pieces, as for the pot, and as flesh within the caldron.
Galatians 5:15 But if ye bite and devour one another, take heed that ye be not consumed one of another.


Psalms 79:6 Pour out thy wrath upon the heathen that have not known thee, and upon the kingdoms that have not called upon thy name.
Job 21:15 What [is] the Almighty, that we should serve him? and what profit should we have, if we pray unto him?
Job 27:10 Will he delight himself in the Almighty? will he always call upon God?
Isaiah 64:7 And [there is] none that calleth upon thy name, that stirreth up himself to take hold of thee: for thou hast hid thy face from us, and hast consumed us, because of our iniquities.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Jb 21:15; 27:10. Ps 79:6; 94:8. Is 5:13; 27:11; 29:14; 44:19; 45:20; 64:7. Jr 10:25. Am 8:4. Mi 3:2. Ro 1:21, 28. 2Co 4:3. Ga 5:15. Ep 4:17.

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