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Psalms 139:20 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For they speak against thee wickedly, And thine enemies take [thy name] in vain.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For they speak against thee wickedly, [and] thine enemies take [thy name] in vain.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For they speak against You wickedly, And Your enemies take [Your name] in vain.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For they speak against thee wickedly, [and] thy enemies take [thy name] in vain.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For they speak of thee wickedly, they take [thy name] in vain, thine enemies.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For they speak of thee wickedly, Thy foes lift up [their hand] unto falsehood.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Who exchange Thee for wickedness, Lifted up to vanity [are] Thine enemies.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Because you say in thought: They shall receive thy cities in vain.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For they speake against thee wickedly: [and] thine enemies take [thy name] in vaine.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For thou wilt say concerning [their] thought, [that] they shall take thy cities in vain.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For they speak against thee wickedly, [and] thine enemies take [thy name] in vain.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For x834
(0834) Complement
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
they speak 559
{0559} Prime
A primitive root; to say (used with great latitude).
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
against thee wickedly, 4209
{4209} Prime
From H2161; a plan, usually evil (machination), sometimes good (sagacity).
[and] thine enemies 6145
{6145} Prime
From H5782; a foe (as watchful for mischief).
take 5375
{5375} Prime
A primitive root; to lift, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, absolutely and relatively.
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
[thy name] in vain. 7723
{7723} Prime
From the same as H7722 in the sense of desolating; evil (as destructive), literally (ruin) or morally (especially guile); figuratively idolatry (as false, subjectively), uselessness (as deceptive, objectively; also adverbially in vain).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 139:1-24.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 139:17-24.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
for they speak:

Psalms 73:8-9 They are corrupt, and speak wickedly [concerning] oppression: they speak loftily. ... They set their mouth against the heavens, and their tongue walketh through the earth.
Psalms 74:18 Remember this, [that] the enemy hath reproached, O LORD, and [that] the foolish people have blasphemed thy name.
Psalms 74:22-23 Arise, O God, plead thine own cause: remember how the foolish man reproacheth thee daily. ... Forget not the voice of thine enemies: the tumult of those that rise up against thee increaseth continually.
Job 21:14-15 Therefore they say unto God, Depart from us; for we desire not the knowledge of thy ways. ... What [is] the Almighty, that we should serve him? and what profit should we have, if we pray unto him?
Isaiah 37:23 Whom hast thou reproached and blasphemed? and against whom hast thou exalted [thy] voice, and lifted up thine eyes on high? [even] against the Holy One of Israel.
Isaiah 37:28-29 But I know thy abode, and thy going out, and thy coming in, and thy rage against me. ... Because thy rage against me, and thy tumult, is come up into mine ears, therefore will I put my hook in thy nose, and my bridle in thy lips, and I will turn thee back by the way by which thou camest.
Jude 1:15 To execute judgment upon all, and to convince all that are ungodly among them of all their ungodly deeds which they have ungodly committed, and of all their hard [speeches] which ungodly sinners have spoken against him.
Revelation 13:6 And he opened his mouth in blasphemy against God, to blaspheme his name, and his tabernacle, and them that dwell in heaven.


Psalms 2:1-3 Why do the heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing? ... Let us break their bands asunder, and cast away their cords from us.
Exodus 20:7 Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.
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Ex 20:7. Jb 21:14. Ps 2:1; 73:8; 74:18, 22. Is 37:23, 28. Jde 1:15. Rv 13:6.

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