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Psalms 134:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [[A Song of Ascents.]] Behold, bless ye Jehovah, all ye servants of Jehovah, That by night stand in the house of Jehovah.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [[A Song of degrees.]] Behold, bless ye the LORD, all [ye] servants of the LORD, which by night stand in the house of the LORD.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [[A Song of Ascents.]] Behold, bless the LORD, all servants of the LORD, Who serve by night in the house of the LORD!
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [[A Song of degrees.]] Behold, bless ye the LORD, all [ye] servants of the LORD, who by night stand in the house of the LORD.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— [[A Song of degrees.]] Behold, bless Jehovah, all ye servants of Jehovah, who by night stand in the house of Jehovah.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [[A Song of Ascents.]] Lo! bless Yahweh, all ye servants of Yahweh, who stand in the house of Yahweh, by night:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A Song of the Ascents. Lo, bless Jehovah, all servants of Jehovah, Who are standing in the house of Jehovah by night.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— A gradual canticle. Behold now bless ye the Lord, all ye servants of the Lord: Who stand in the house of the Lord, in the courts of the house of our God.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— [[A song of degrees.]] Beholde, blesse yee the LORD, all yee seruants of the LORD: which by night stand in the house of the LORD.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [[A Song of Degrees.]] Behold now, bless ye the Lord, all the servants of the Lord, who stand in the house of the Lord, in the courts of the house of our God.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [[A Song of degrees.]] Behold, bless ye Yahweh, all [ye] servants of Yahweh, which by night stand in the house of Yahweh.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[[A Song 7892
{7892} Prime
שִׁיר
shiyr
{sheer}
The second form being feminine; from H7891; a song; abstractly singing.
of degrees.]] 4609
{4609} Prime
מַעֲלָה
ma`alah
{mah-al-aw'}
Feminine of H4608; elevation, that is, the act (literally a journey to a higher place, figuratively a thought arising), or (concretely) the condition (literally a step or grade mark, figuratively a superiority of station); specifically a climactic progression (in certain Psalms).
Behold, x2009
(2009) Complement
הִנֵּה
hinneh
{hin-nay'}
Prolonged for H2005; lo!.
bless 1288
{1288} Prime
בּרךְ
barak
{baw-rak'}
A primitive root; to kneel; by implication to bless God (as an act of adoration), and (vice-versa) man (as a benefit); also (by euphemism) to curse (God or the king, as treason).
z8761
<8761> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 446
ye x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
all x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
[ye] servants 5650
{5650} Prime
עֶבֶד
`ebed
{eh'-bed}
From H5647; a servant.
of Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
which by night 3915
{3915} Prime
לַיִל
layil
{lah'-yil}
From the same as H3883; properly a twist (away of the light), that is, night; figuratively adversity.
stand 5975
{5975} Prime
עָמַד
`amad
{aw-mad'}
A primitive root; to stand, in various relations (literally and figuratively, intransitively and transitively).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
in the house 1004
{1004} Prime
בַּיִת
bayith
{bah'-yith}
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
of Yhw יָהוֶה. 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 134:1-2

_ _ The pilgrim bands arriving at the sanctuary call on the priests, who

_ _ stand in the house of the Lord — at the time of the evening sacrifice, to unite in praising God in their name and that of the people, using appropriate gestures, to which the priests reply, pronouncing the Mosaic blessing which they alone could pronounce. A fit epilogue to the whole pilgrim-book, Psalms 120-134.

_ _ by night — the evening service (Psalms 141:2), as opposed to morning (Psalms 92:2).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 134:1-3

_ _ This psalm instructs us concerning a two-fold blessing: —

_ _ I. Our blessing God, that is, speaking well of him, which here we are taught to do, Psalms 134:1, Psalms 134:2. 1. It is a call to the Levites to do it. They were the servants of the Lord by office, appointed to minister in holy things; they attended the sanctuary, and kept the charge of the house of the Lord, Numbers 3:6, etc. Some of them did by night stand in the house of the Lord, to guard the holy things of the temple, that they might not be profaned, and the rich things of the temple, that they might not be plundered. While the ark was in curtains there was the more need of guards upon it. They attended likewise to see that neither the fire on the altar nor the lamps in the candlestick went out. Probably it was usual for some devout and pious Israelites to sit up with them; we read of one that departed not from the temple night or day, Luke 2:37. Now these are here called upon to blesss the Lord. Thus they must keep themselves awake by keeping themselves employed. Thus they must redeem time for holy exercises; and how can we spend our time better than in praising God? It would be an excellent piece of husbandry to fill up the vacancies of time with pious meditations and ejaculations; and surely it is a very modest and reasonable to converse with God when we have nothing else to do. Those who stood in the house of the Lord must remember where they were, and that holiness and holy work became that house. Let them therefore bless the Lord; let them all do it in concert, or each by himself; let them lift up their hands in the doing of it, in token of the lifting up of their hearts. Let them lift up their hands in holiness (so Dr. Hammond reads it) or in sanctification, as it is fit when they lift them up in the sanctuary; and let them remember that when they were appointed to wash before they went in to minister they were thereby taught to lift up holy hands in prayer and praise. 2. It is a call to us to do it, who, as Christians, are made priests to our God, and Levites, Isaiah 66:21. We are the servants of the Lord; we have a place and a name in his house, in his sanctuary; we stand before him to minister to him. Even by night we are under his eye and have access to him. Let us therefore bless the Lord, and again bless him; think and speak of his glory and goodness. Let us lift up our hands in prayer, in praise, in vows; let us do our work with diligence and cheerfulness, and an elevation of mind. This exhortation is ushered in with Behold! a note commanding attention. Look about you, Sirs, when you are in God's presence, and conduct yourselves accordingly.

_ _ II. God's blessing us, and that is doing well for us, which we are here taught to desire, Psalms 134:3. Whether it is the watchmen's blessing their captain, or the Levites' blessing the high priest, or whoever was their chief (as many take it, because it is in the singular number, The Lord bless thee), or whether the blessing is pronounced by one upon many (“The Lord bless thee, each of you in particular, thee and thee; you that are blessing God, the Lord bless you”), is not material. We may learn, 1. That we need desire no more to make us happy than to be blessed of the Lord, for those whom he blesses are blessed indeed. 2. That blessings out of Zion, spiritual blessings, the blessings of the covenant, and of communion with God, are the best blessings, which we should be most earnest for. 3. It is a great encouragement to us, when we come to God for a blessing, that it is he who made heaven and earth, and therefore has all the blessings of both at his disposal, the upper and nether springs. 4. We ought to beg these blessings, not only for ourselves, but for others also; not only, The Lord bless me, but, The Lord bless thee, thus testifying our belief of the fulness of divine blessings, that there is enough for others as well as for us, and our good-will also to others. We must pray for those that exhort us. Though the less is blessed of the greater (Hebrews 7:7), yet the greater must be prayed for by the less.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 134:1

Servant — Peculiarly so called, priests and Levites. Night — Not only by day, but also by night, when their watch was more necessary. Stand — Serve or minister.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 134:1

"A Song of degrees." Behold, bless ye the LORD, all [ye] (a) servants of the LORD, which by night stand in the house of the LORD.

(a) You who are Levites and chiefly appointed to this office.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
bless ye:

Psalms 103:21 Bless ye the LORD, all [ye] his hosts; [ye] ministers of his, that do his pleasure.
Psalms 135:1-2 Praise ye the LORD. Praise ye the name of the LORD; praise [him], O ye servants of the LORD. ... Ye that stand in the house of the LORD, in the courts of the house of our God,
Psalms 135:19-21 Bless the LORD, O house of Israel: bless the LORD, O house of Aaron: ... Blessed be the LORD out of Zion, which dwelleth at Jerusalem. Praise ye the LORD.
1 Chronicles 23:30-32 And to stand every morning to thank and praise the LORD, and likewise at even; ... And that they should keep the charge of the tabernacle of the congregation, and the charge of the holy [place], and the charge of the sons of Aaron their brethren, in the service of the house of the LORD.
Revelation 19:5 And a voice came out of the throne, saying, Praise our God, all ye his servants, and ye that fear him, both small and great.

which by night:

Psalms 130:6 My soul [waiteth] for the Lord more than they that watch for the morning: [I say, more than] they that watch for the morning.
Leviticus 8:35 Therefore shall ye abide [at] the door of the tabernacle of the congregation day and night seven days, and keep the charge of the LORD, that ye die not: for so I am commanded.
1 Chronicles 9:23 So they and their children [had] the oversight of the gates of the house of the LORD, [namely], the house of the tabernacle, by wards.
1 Chronicles 9:33 And these [are] the singers, chief of the fathers of the Levites, [who remaining] in the chambers [were] free: for they were employed in [that] work day and night.
Luke 2:37 And she [was] a widow of about fourscore and four years, which departed not from the temple, but served [God] with fastings and prayers night and day.
Revelation 7:15 Therefore are they before the throne of God, and serve him day and night in his temple: and he that sitteth on the throne shall dwell among them.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Lv 8:35. 1Ch 9:23, 33; 23:30. Ps 103:21; 130:6; 135:1, 19. Lk 2:37. Rv 7:15; 19:5.

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