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Psalms 133:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Like the dew of Hermon, That cometh down upon the mountains of Zion: For there Jehovah commanded the blessing, Even life for evermore.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— As the dew of Hermon, [and as the dew] that descended upon the mountains of Zion: for there the LORD commanded the blessing, [even] life for evermore.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— It is like the dew of Hermon Coming down upon the mountains of Zion; For there the LORD commanded the blessing—life forever.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— As the dew of Hermon, [and as the dew] that descended upon the mountains of Zion: for there the LORD commanded the blessing, [even] life for ever.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— As the dew of Hermon that descendeth on the mountains of Zion; for there hath Jehovah commanded the blessing, life for evermore.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Like the dew of Hermon, which descended upon the mountains of Zion,—for, there, did Yahweh command the blessing, Life, unto times age-abiding.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— As dew of Hermon—That cometh down on hills of Zion, For there Jehovah commanded the blessing—Life unto the age!
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— As the dew of Hermon, which descendeth upon mount Sion. For there the Lord hath commanded blessing, and life for evermore.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— As the dew of Hermon, [and as the dewe] that descended vpon the mountaines of Zion, for there the LORD commanded the blessing: [euen] life for euermore.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— As the dew of Hermon{gr.Aermon}, that comes down on the mountains of Zion{gr.Sion}: for there, the Lord commanded the blessing, even life for ever.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— As the dew of Chermon, [and as the dew] that descended upon the mountains of Tziyyon: for there Yahweh commanded the blessing, [even] life for evermore.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
As the dew 2919
{2919} Prime
טַל
tal
{tal}
From H2926; dew (as covering vegetation).
of ermn חֶרמוֹן, 2768
{2768} Prime
חֶרְמוֹן
Chermown
{kher-mone'}
From H2763; abrupt; Chermon, a mount of Palestine.
[and as the dew] that descended 3381
{3381} Prime
יָרַד
yarad
{yaw-rad'}
A primitive root; to descend (literally to go downwards; or conventionally to a lower region, as the shore, a boundary, the enemy, etc.; or figuratively to fall); causatively to bring down (in all the above applications).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
x7945
(7945) Complement
שֶׁל
shel
{shel}
For the relative H0834; used with prepositional prefix, and often followed by some pronoun affixed; on account of, what soever, which soever.
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the mountains 2042
{2042} Prime
הָרָר
harar
{haw-rawr'}
From an unused root meaning to loom up; a mountain.
of Xiyyn צִיּוֹן: 6726
{6726} Prime
צִיּוֹן
Tsiyown
{tsee-yone'}
The same (regular) as H6725; Tsijon (as a permanent capital), a mountain of Jerusalem.
for x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
there x8033
(8033) Complement
שָׁם
sham
{shawm}
A primitive particle (rather from the relative H0834); there (transfered to time) then; often thither, or thence.
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
commanded 6680
{6680} Prime
צוּה
tsavah
{tsaw-vaw'}
A primitive root; (intensively) to constitute, enjoin.
z8765
<8765> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2121
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
the blessing, 1293
{1293} Prime
בְּרָכָה
B@rakah
{ber-aw-kaw'}
From H1288; benediction; by implication prosperity.
[even] life 2416
{2416} Prime
חַי
chay
{khah'-ee}
From H2421; alive; hence raw (flesh); fresh (plant, water, year), strong; also (as noun, especially in the feminine singular and masculine plural) life (or living thing), whether literally or figuratively.
for evermore. 5769
{5769} Prime
עוֹלָם
`owlam
{o-lawm'}
From H5956; properly concealed, that is, the vanishing point; generally time out of mind (past or future), that is, (practically) eternity; frequentative adverbially (especially with prepositional prefix) always.
x5704
(5704) Complement
עַד
`ad
{ad}
Properly the same as H5703 (used as a preposition, adverb or conjugation; especially with a preposition); as far (or long, or much) as, whether of space (even unto) or time (during, while, until) or degree (equally with).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 133:3

_ _ there — that is, in Zion, the Church; the material Zion, blessed with enriching dews, suggests this allusion the source of the influence enjoyed by the spiritual Zion.

_ _ commanded the blessing — (Compare Psalms 68:28).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 133:1-3.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 133:3

Zion — It is as desirable as the dew which falls upon mount Hermon, nay, as desirable as that heavenly dew of God's ordinances and graces which he hath commanded to fall upon the mountains of Zion and Moriah, and others which are round about Jerusalem. There — Where brethren live in peace and unity.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 133:3

As the dew of (c) Hermon, [and as the dew] that descended upon the mountains of Zion: for (d) there the LORD commanded the blessing, [even] life for evermore.

(c) By Hermon and Zion he means the plentiful country about Jerusalem.

(d) Where there is such concord.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
As the dew of Hermon:
Mr. Maundrell says, "We were sufficiently instructed by experience what the holy Psalmist means by 'the dew of Hermon,' our tents being as wet with it as if it had rained all night." Some suppose that Zion here means a part of Mount Hermon (
Deuteronomy 4:48 From Aroer, which [is] by the bank of the river Arnon, even unto mount Sion, which [is] Hermon,
); but it is not written Sion here, but Zion, which is at Jerusalem.
Deuteronomy 3:8-9 And we took at that time out of the hand of the two kings of the Amorites the land that [was] on this side Jordan, from the river of Arnon unto mount Hermon; ... ([Which] Hermon the Sidonians call Sirion; and the Amorites call it Shenir;)
Deuteronomy 4:48 From Aroer, which [is] by the bank of the river Arnon, even unto mount Sion, which [is] Hermon,
Joshua 13:11 And Gilead, and the border of the Geshurites and Maachathites, and all mount Hermon, and all Bashan unto Salcah;

for there the LORD[YHWH]:

Psalms 42:8 [Yet] the LORD will command his lovingkindness in the daytime, and in the night his song [shall be] with me, [and] my prayer unto the God of my life.
Leviticus 25:21 Then I will command my blessing upon you in the sixth year, and it shall bring forth fruit for three years.
Deuteronomy 28:8 The LORD shall command the blessing upon thee in thy storehouses, and in all that thou settest thine hand unto; and he shall bless thee in the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.

even life:

Psalms 16:11 Thou wilt shew me the path of life: in thy presence [is] fulness of joy; at thy right hand [there are] pleasures for evermore.
Psalms 21:4 He asked life of thee, [and] thou gavest [it] him, [even] length of days for ever and ever.
John 4:14 But whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life.
John 5:24 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life.
John 5:29 And shall come forth; they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life; and they that have done evil, unto the resurrection of damnation.
John 6:50-51 This is the bread which cometh down from heaven, that a man may eat thereof, and not die. ... I am the living bread which came down from heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever: and the bread that I will give is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.
John 6:68 Then Simon Peter answered him, Lord, to whom shall we go? thou hast the words of eternal life.
John 11:25-26 Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live: ... And whosoever liveth and believeth in me shall never die. Believest thou this?
Romans 5:21 That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.
Romans 6:23 For the wages of sin [is] death; but the gift of God [is] eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.
1 John 2:25 And this is the promise that he hath promised us, [even] eternal life.
1 John 5:11 And this is the record, that God hath given to us eternal life, and this life is in his Son.
Revelation 1:18 I [am] he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold, I am alive for evermore, Amen; and have the keys of hell and of death.
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Lv 25:21. Dt 3:8; 4:48; 28:8. Jsh 13:11. Ps 16:11; 21:4; 42:8. Jn 4:14; 5:24, 29; 6:50, 68; 11:25. Ro 5:21; 6:23. 1Jn 2:25; 5:11. Rv 1:18.

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