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Psalms 130:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— If thou, Jehovah, shouldest mark iniquities, O Lord, who could stand?
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— If thou, LORD, shouldest mark iniquities, O Lord, who shall stand?
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— If You, LORD, should mark iniquities, O Lord, who could stand?
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— If thou, LORD, shouldest mark iniquities, O Lord, who shall stand?
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— If thou, Jah, shouldest mark iniquities, Lord, who shall stand?
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— If, iniquities, thou shouldest mark, O Yah, O My Lord, who could stand?
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— If iniquities Thou dost observe, O Lord, who doth stand?
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— If thou, O Lord, wilt mark iniquities: Lord, who shall stand it.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— If thou, Lord, shouldest marke iniquities: O Lord, who shal stand?
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— If thou, O Lord, shouldest mark iniquities, O Lord, who shall stand?
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— If thou, Yah, shouldest mark iniquities, O Yahweh, who shall stand?

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
If x518
(0518) Complement
אִם
'im
{eem}
A primitive particle; used very widely as demonstrative, lo!; interrogitive, whether?; or conditional, if, although; also Oh that!, when; hence as a negative, not.
thou, Yh יָה, 3050
{3050} Prime
יָהּ
Yahh
{yaw}
Contracted for H3068, and meaning the same; Jah, the sacred name.
shouldest mark 8104
{8104} Prime
שָׁמַר
shamar
{shaw-mar'}
A primitive root; properly to hedge about (as with thorns), that is, guard; generally to protect, attend to, etc.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
iniquities, 5771
{5771} Prime
עָוֹן
`avon
{aw-vone'}
From H5753; perversity, that is, (moral) evil.
O Yhw יָהוֶה, 136
{0136} Prime
אֲדֹנָי
'Adonay
{ad-o-noy'}
An emphatic form of H0113; the Lord (used as a proper name of God only).
who x4310
(4310) Complement
מִי
miy
{me}
An interrogitive pronoun of persons, as H4100 is of things, who? (occasionally, by a peculiar idiom, of things); also (indefinitely) whoever; often used in oblique construction with prefix or suffix.
shall stand? 5975
{5975} Prime
עָמַד
`amad
{aw-mad'}
A primitive root; to stand, in various relations (literally and figuratively, intransitively and transitively).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 130:3

_ _ shouldest mark — or, “take strict account” (Job 10:14; Job 14:16), implying a confession of the existence of sin.

_ _ who shall stand — (Psalms 1:6). Standing is opposed to the guilty sinking down in fear and self-condemnation (Malachi 3:2; Revelation 6:15, Revelation 6:16). The question implies a negative, which is thus more strongly stated.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 130:1-4.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 130:3

Mark — Observe them accurately and punish them as they deserve. Stand — At thy tribunal.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 130:3

If thou, LORD, shouldest mark iniquities, O Lord, (b) who shall stand?

(b) He declares that we cannot be just before God but by forgiveness of sins.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
shouldest mark:

Psalms 143:2 And enter not into judgment with thy servant: for in thy sight shall no man living be justified.
Job 9:2-3 I know [it is] so of a truth: but how should man be just with God? ... If he will contend with him, he cannot answer him one of a thousand.
Job 9:20 If I justify myself, mine own mouth shall condemn me: [if I say], I [am] perfect, it shall also prove me perverse.
Job 10:14 If I sin, then thou markest me, and thou wilt not acquit me from mine iniquity.
Job 15:14 What [is] man, that he should be clean? and [he which is] born of a woman, that he should be righteous?
Isaiah 53:6 All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.
John 8:7-9 So when they continued asking him, he lifted up himself, and said unto them, He that is without sin among you, let him first cast a stone at her. ... And they which heard [it], being convicted by [their own] conscience, went out one by one, beginning at the eldest, [even] unto the last: and Jesus was left alone, and the woman standing in the midst.
Romans 3:20-24 Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law [is] the knowledge of sin. ... Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus:
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Jb 9:2, 20; 10:14; 15:14. Ps 143:2. Is 53:6. Jn 8:7. Ro 3:20.

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