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Psalms 13:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Consider [and] answer me, O Jehovah my God: Lighten mine eyes, lest I sleep the [sleep of] death;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Consider [and] hear me, O LORD my God: lighten mine eyes, lest I sleep the [sleep of] death;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Consider [and] answer me, O LORD my God; Enlighten my eyes, or I will sleep the [sleep of] death,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Consider [and] hear me, O LORD my God: lighten my eyes, lest I sleep [the sleep] of death;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Consider, answer me, O Jehovah my God! lighten mine eyes, lest I sleep the [sleep of] death;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Have regard! answer me O Yahweh my God,—Light up mine eyes, lest I sleep on into death:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Look attentively; Answer me, O Jehovah, my God, Enlighten mine eyes, lest I sleep in death,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Consider, and hear me, O Lord, my God. Enlighten my eyes, that I never sleep in death:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Consider [and] heare me, O LORD my God: lighten mine eyes, lest I sleep [the sleepe] of death.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Look on me, hearken to me, O Lord my God: lighten mine eyes, lest I sleep in death;
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Consider [and] hear me, O Yahweh my Elohim: lighten mine eyes, lest I sleep the [sleep of] death;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Consider 5027
{5027} Prime
A primitive root; to scan, that is, look intently at; by implication to regard with pleasure, favor or care.
<8685> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 731
[and] hear 6030
{6030} Prime
A primitive root; properly to eye or (generally) to heed, that is, pay attention; by implication to respond; by extension to begin to speak; specifically to sing, shout, testify, announce.
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
me, O Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
my lhm אֱלֹהִים: 430
{0430} Prime
Plural of H0433; gods in the ordinary sense; but specifically used (in the plural thus, especially with the article) of the supreme God; occasionally applied by way of deference to magistrates; and sometimes as a superlative.
lighten 215
{0215} Prime
A primitive root; to be (causatively make) luminous (literally and metaphorically).
<8685> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 731
mine eyes, 5869
{5869} Prime
Probably a primitive word; an eye (literally or figuratively); by analogy a fountain (as the eye of the landscape).
lest x6435
(6435) Complement
From H6437; properly removal; used only (in the constructive) adverbially as conjugation lest.
I sleep 3462
{3462} Prime
A primitive root; properly to be slack or languid, that is, (by implication) sleep (figuratively to die); also to grow old, stale or inveterate.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
the [sleep of] death; 4194
{4194} Prime
From H4191; death (natural or violent); concretely the dead, their place or state (hades); figuratively pestilence, ruin.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 13:3

_ _ lighten mine eyes — dim with weakness, denoting approaching death (compare 1 Samuel 14:27-29; Psalms 6:7; Psalms 38:10).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 13:1-6.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 13:3

Lighten — Revive and comfort, and deliver me from the darkness of death, which is ready to come upon me.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Psalms 9:13 Have mercy upon me, O LORD; consider my trouble [which I suffer] of them that hate me, thou that liftest me up from the gates of death:
Psalms 25:19 Consider mine enemies; for they are many; and they hate me with cruel hatred.
Psalms 31:7 I will be glad and rejoice in thy mercy: for thou hast considered my trouble; thou hast known my soul in adversities;
Psalms 119:153 RESH. Consider mine affliction, and deliver me: for I do not forget thy law.
Lamentations 5:1 Remember, O LORD, what is come upon us: consider, and behold our reproach.


Psalms 18:28 For thou wilt light my candle: the LORD my God will enlighten my darkness.
1 Samuel 14:27 But Jonathan heard not when his father charged the people with the oath: wherefore he put forth the end of the rod that [was] in his hand, and dipped it in an honeycomb, and put his hand to his mouth; and his eyes were enlightened.
1 Samuel 14:29 Then said Jonathan, My father hath troubled the land: see, I pray you, how mine eyes have been enlightened, because I tasted a little of this honey.
Ezra 9:8 And now for a little space grace hath been [shewed] from the LORD our God, to leave us a remnant to escape, and to give us a nail in his holy place, that our God may lighten our eyes, and give us a little reviving in our bondage.
Luke 2:32 A light to lighten the Gentiles, and the glory of thy people Israel.
Revelation 21:23 And the city had no need of the sun, neither of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God did lighten it, and the Lamb [is] the light thereof.


Jeremiah 51:39 In their heat I will make their feasts, and I will make them drunken, that they may rejoice, and sleep a perpetual sleep, and not wake, saith the LORD.
Jeremiah 51:57 And I will make drunk her princes, and her wise [men], her captains, and her rulers, and her mighty men: and they shall sleep a perpetual sleep, and not wake, saith the King, whose name [is] the LORD of hosts.
Ephesians 5:14 Wherefore he saith, Awake thou that sleepest, and arise from the dead, and Christ shall give thee light.
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1S 14:27, 29. Ezr 9:8. Ps 9:13; 18:28; 25:19; 31:7; 119:153. Jr 51:39, 57. Lm 5:1. Lk 2:32. Ep 5:14. Rv 21:23.

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