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Psalms 129:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The plowers plowed upon my back; They made long their furrows.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The plowers plowed upon my back: they made long their furrows.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— “The plowers plowed upon my back; They lengthened their furrows.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The plowers plowed upon my back: they made long their furrows.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The ploughers ploughed upon my back; they made long their furrows.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Upon my back, have ploughmen ploughed, They have lengthened their furrow!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Over my back have ploughers ploughed, They have made long their furrows.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The wicked have wrought upon my back: they have lengthened their iniquity.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The plowers plowed vpon my backe: they made long their furrowes.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The sinners wrought upon my back: they prolonged their iniquity.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The plowers plowed upon my back: they made long their furrows.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The plowers 2790
{2790} Prime
חָרַשׁ
charash
{khaw-rash'}
A primitive root; to scratch, that is, (by implication) to engrave, plough; hence (from the use of tools) to fabricate (of any material); figuratively to devise (in a bad sense); hence (from the idea of secrecy) to be silent, to let alone; hence (by implication) to be deaf (as an accompaniment of dumbness).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
plowed 2790
{2790} Prime
חָרַשׁ
charash
{khaw-rash'}
A primitive root; to scratch, that is, (by implication) to engrave, plough; hence (from the use of tools) to fabricate (of any material); figuratively to devise (in a bad sense); hence (from the idea of secrecy) to be silent, to let alone; hence (by implication) to be deaf (as an accompaniment of dumbness).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
my back: 1354
{1354} Prime
גַּב
gab
{gab}
From an unused root meaning to hollow or curve; the back (as rounded (compare H1460 and H1479); by analogy the top or rim, a boss, a vault, arch of eye, bulwarks, etc.
they made long 748
{0748} Prime
אָרַךְ
'arak
{aw-rak'}
A primitive root; to be (causatively make) long (literally or figuratively).
z8689
<8689> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 2675
their furrows. 4618
{4618} Prime
מַעֲנָה
ma`anah
{mah-an-aw'}
From H6031, in the sense of depression or tilling; a furrow.
z8675
<8675> Grammar
Kethiv Reading

Where the translators of the Authorised Version followed the qere reading rather than the kethiv.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 129:3-4

_ _ The ploughing is a figure of scourging, which most severe physical infliction aptly represents all kinds.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 129:1-4.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
The plowers:

Psalms 141:7 Our bones are scattered at the grave's mouth, as when one cutteth and cleaveth [wood] upon the earth.
Isaiah 51:23 But I will put it into the hand of them that afflict thee; which have said to thy soul, Bow down, that we may go over: and thou hast laid thy body as the ground, and as the street, to them that went over.
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Ps 141:7. Is 51:23.

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