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Psalms 128:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [[A Song of Ascents.]] Blessed is every one that feareth Jehovah, That walketh in his ways.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [[A Song of degrees.]] Blessed [is] every one that feareth the LORD; that walketh in his ways.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [[A Song of Ascents.]] How blessed is everyone who fears the LORD, Who walks in His ways.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [[A Song of degrees.]] Blessed [is] every one that feareth the LORD; that walketh in his ways.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— [[A Song of degrees.]] Blessed is every one that feareth Jehovah, that walketh in his ways.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [[A Song of Ascents.]] How happy is every one that revereth Yahweh, who walketh in his ways!
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A Song of the Ascents. O the happiness of every one fearing Jehovah, Who is walking in His ways.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— A gradual canticle. Blessed are all they that fear the Lord: that walk in his ways.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— [[A song of degrees.]] Blessed [is] euery one [that] feareth the LORD: that walketh in his wayes.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [[A Song of Degrees.]] Blessed are all they that fear the Lord; who walk in his ways.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [[A Song of degrees.]] Blessed [is] every one that feareth Yahweh; that walketh in his ways.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[[A Song 7892
{7892} Prime
שִׁיר
shiyr
{sheer}
The second form being feminine; from H7891; a song; abstractly singing.
of degrees.]] 4609
{4609} Prime
מַעֲלָה
ma`alah
{mah-al-aw'}
Feminine of H4608; elevation, that is, the act (literally a journey to a higher place, figuratively a thought arising), or (concretely) the condition (literally a step or grade mark, figuratively a superiority of station); specifically a climactic progression (in certain Psalms).
Blessed 835
{0835} Prime
אֶשֶׁר
'esher
{eh'-sher}
From H0833; happiness; only in masculine plural construction as interjection, how happy!.
[is] every one x3605
(3605) Complement
כֹּל
kol
{kole}
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
that feareth 3373
{3373} Prime
יָרֵא
yare'
{yaw-ray'}
From H3372; fearing; morally reverent.
Yhw יָהוֶה; 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
that walketh 1980
{1980} Prime
הָלַךְ
halak
{haw-lak'}
Akin to H3212; a primitive root; to walk (in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
in his ways. 1870
{1870} Prime
דֶּרֶךְ
derek
{deh'-rek}
From H1869; a road (as trodden); figuratively a course of life or mode of action, often adverbially.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 128:1

_ _ Psalms 128:1-6. The temporal blessings of true piety. The eighth chapter of Zechariah is a virtual commentary on this Psalm. Compare Psalms 128:3 with Zechariah 8:5; and Psalms 128:2 with Leviticus 26:16; Deuteronomy 28:33; Zechariah 8:10; and Psalms 128:6 with Zechariah 8:4.

_ _ (Compare Psalms 1:1).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 128:1-6

_ _ It is here shown that godliness has the promise of the life that now is and of that which is to come.

_ _ I. It is here again and again laid down as an undoubted truth that those who are truly holy are truly happy. Those whose blessed state we are here assured of are such as fear the Lord and walk in his ways, such as have a deep reverence of God upon their spirits and evidence it by a regular and constant conformity to his will. Where the fear of God is a commanding principle in the heart the tenour of the conversation will be accordingly; and in vain do we pretend to be of those that fear God if we do not make conscience both of keeping to his ways and not trifling in them or drawing back. Such are blessed (Psalms 128:1), and shall be blessed, Psalms 128:4. God blesses them, and his pronouncing them blessed makes them so. They are blessed now, they shall be blessed still, and for ever. This blessedness, arising from this blessing, is here secured, 1. To all the saints universally: Blessed is everyone that fears the Lord, whoever he be; in every nation he that fears God and works righteousness is accepted of him, and therefore is blessed whether he be high or low, rich or poor, in the world; if religion rule him, it will protect and enrich him. 2. To such a saint in particular: Thus shall the man be blessed, not only the nation, the church in its public capacity, but the particular person in his private interests. 3. We are encouraged to apply it to ourselves (Psalms 128:2): “Happy shalt thou be; thou mayest take the comfort of the promise, and expect the benefit of it, as if it were directed to thee by name, if thou fear God and walk in his ways. Happy shalt thou be, that is, It shall be well with thee; whatever befals thee, good shall be brought out of it; it shall be well with thee while thou livest, better when thou diest, and best of all to eternity.” It is asserted (Psalms 128:4) with a note commanding attention: Behold, thus shall the man be blessed; behold it by faith in the promise; behold it by observation in the performance of the promise; behold it with assurance that it shall be so, for God is faithful, and with admiration that it should be so, for we merit no favour, no blessing, from him.

_ _ II. Particular promises are here made to godly people, which they may depend upon, as far as is for God's glory and their good; and that is enough.

_ _ 1. That, by the blessing of God, they shall get an honest livelihood and live comfortably upon it. It is not promised that they shall live at ease, without care or pains, but, Thou shalt eat the labour of thy hands. Here is a double promise, (1.) That they shall have something to do (for an idle life is a miserable uncomfortable life) and shall have health, and strength, and capacity of mind to do it, and shall not be forced to be beholden to others for necessary food, and to live, as the disabled poor do, upon the labours of other people. It is as much a mercy as it is a duty with quietness to work and eat our own bread, 2 Thessalonians 3:12. (2.) That they shall succeed in their employments, and they and theirs shall enjoy what they get; others shall not come and eat the bread out of their mouths, nor shall it be taken from them either by oppressive rulers or invading enemies. God will not blast it and blow upon it (as he did, Haggai 1:9), and his blessing will make a little go a great way. It is very pleasant to enjoy the fruits of our own industry; as the sleep, so the food, of a labouring man is sweet.

_ _ 2. That they shall have abundance of comfort in their family-relations. As a wife and children are very much a man's care, so, if by the grace of God they are such as they should be, they are very much a man's delight, as much as any creature-comfort. (1.) The wife shall be as a vine by the sides of the house, not only as a spreading vine which serves for an ornament, but as a fruitful vine which is for profit, and with the fruit whereof both God and man are honoured, Judges 9:13. The vine is a weak and tender plant, and needs to be supported and cherished, but it is a very valuable plant, and some think (because all the products of it were prohibited to the Nazarites) it was the tree of knowledge itself. The wife's place is the husband's house; there her business lies, and that is her castle. Where is Sarah thy wife? Behold, in the tent; where should she be else? Her place is by the sides of the house, not under-foot to be trampled on, nor yet upon the house-top to domineer (if she be so, she is but as the grass upon the house-top, in the next psalm), but on the side of the house, being a rib out of the side of the man. She shall be a loving wife, as the vine, which cleaves to the house-side, an obedient wife, as the vine, which is pliable, and grows as it is directed. She shall be fruitful as the vine, not only in children, but in the fruits of wisdom, and righteousness, and good management, the branches of which run over the wall (Genesis 49:22; Psalms 80:11), like a fruitful vine, not cumbering the ground, nor bringing forth sour grapes, or grapes of Sodom, but good fruit. (2.) The children shall be as olive plants, likely in time to be olive-trees, and, though wild by nature, yet grafted into the good olive, and partaking of its root and fatness, Romans 11:17. It is pleasant to parents who have a table spread, though but with ordinary fare, to see their children round about it, to have many children, enough to surround it, and those with them, and not scattered, or the parents forced from them. Job makes it one of the first instances of his former prosperity that his children were about him, Job 29:5. Parents love to have their children at table, to keep up the pleasantness of the table-talk, to have them in health, craving food and not physic, to have them like olive-plants, straight and green, sucking in the sap of their good education, and likely in due time to be serviceable.

_ _ 3. That they shall have those things which God has promised and which they pray for: The Lord shall bless thee out of Zion, where the ark of the covenant was, and where the pious Israelites attended with their devotions. Blessings out of Zion are the best-blessings, which flow, not from common providence, but from special grace, Psalms 20:2.

_ _ 4. That they shall live long, to enjoy the comforts of the rising generations: “Thou shalt see thy children's children, as Joseph, Genesis 50:23. Thy family shall be built up and continued, and thou shalt have the pleasure of seeing it.” Children's children, if they be good children, are the crown of old men (Proverbs 17:6), who are apt to be fond of their grandchildren.

_ _ 5. That they shall see the welfare of God's church, and the land of their nativity, which every man who fears God is no less concerned for than for the prosperity of his own family. “Thou shalt be blessed in Zion's blessing, and wilt think thyself so. Thou shalt see the good of Jerusalem as long as thou shalt live, though thou shouldest live long, and shalt not have thy private comforts allayed and embittered by public troubles.” A good man can have little comfort in seeing his children's children, unless withal he see peace upon Israel, and have hopes of transmitting the entail of religion pure and entire to those that shall come after him, for that is the best inheritance.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 128:1

"A Song of degrees." Blessed [is] every one that feareth the LORD; that walketh in his (a) ways.

(a) God approves not our life, unless it is reformed according to his word.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
every one:

Psalms 103:1 [[[A Psalm] of David.]] Bless the LORD, O my soul: and all that is within me, [bless] his holy name.
Psalms 103:13 Like as a father pitieth [his] children, [so] the LORD pitieth them that fear him.
Psalms 103:17 But the mercy of the LORD [is] from everlasting to everlasting upon them that fear him, and his righteousness unto children's children;
Psalms 112:1 Praise ye the LORD. Blessed [is] the man [that] feareth the LORD, [that] delighteth greatly in his commandments.
Psalms 115:13 He will bless them that fear the LORD, [both] small and great.
Psalms 147:11 The LORD taketh pleasure in them that fear him, in those that hope in his mercy.
Luke 1:50 And his mercy [is] on them that fear him from generation to generation.

walketh:

Psalms 1:1-3 Blessed [is] the man that walketh not in the counsel of the ungodly, nor standeth in the way of sinners, nor sitteth in the seat of the scornful. ... And he shall be like a tree planted by the rivers of water, that bringeth forth his fruit in his season; his leaf also shall not wither; and whatsoever he doeth shall prosper.
Psalms 81:13 Oh that my people had hearkened unto me, [and] Israel had walked in my ways!
Psalms 119:1 ALEPH. Blessed [are] the undefiled in the way, who walk in the law of the LORD.
Luke 1:6 And they were both righteous before God, walking in all the commandments and ordinances of the Lord blameless.
Acts 9:31 Then had the churches rest throughout all Judaea and Galilee and Samaria, and were edified; and walking in the fear of the Lord, and in the comfort of the Holy Ghost, were multiplied.
1 Thessalonians 4:1 Furthermore then we beseech you, brethren, and exhort [you] by the Lord Jesus, that as ye have received of us how ye ought to walk and to please God, [so] ye would abound more and more.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ps 1:1; 81:13; 103:1, 13, 17; 112:1; 115:13; 119:1; 147:11. Lk 1:6, 50. Ac 9:31. 1Th 4:1.

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