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Psalms 125:3 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— For the sceptre of wickedness shall not rest upon the lot of the righteous; That the righteous put not forth their hands unto iniquity.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— For the rod of the wicked shall not rest upon the lot of the righteous; lest the righteous put forth their hands unto iniquity.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— For the scepter of wickedness shall not rest upon the land of the righteous, So that the righteous will not put forth their hands to do wrong.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— For the rod of the wicked shall not rest upon the lot of the righteous; lest the righteous put forth their hands to iniquity.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— For the sceptre of wickedness shall not rest upon the lot of the righteous; lest the righteous put forth their hands unto iniquity.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— For the sceptre of lawlessness shall not remain over the allotment of the righteous,—lest the righteous put forth—unto perversity—their hands.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— For the rod of wickedness resteth not On the lot of the righteous, That the righteous put not forth on iniquity their hands.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— For the Lord will not leave the rod of sinners upon the lot of the just: that the just may not stretch forth their hands to iniquity.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— For the rod of the wicked shall not rest vpon the lot of the righteous: lest the righteous put forth their hands vnto iniquitie.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— For the Lord will not allow the rod of sinners to be upon the lot of the righteous; lest the righteous should stretch forth their hands to iniquity.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— For the rod of the wicked shall not rest upon the lot of the righteous; lest the righteous put forth their hands unto iniquity.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
For x3588
(3588) Complement
כִּי
kiy
{kee}
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
the rod 7626
{7626} Prime
שֵׁבֶט
shebet
{shay'-bet}
From an unused root probably meaning to branch off; a scion, that is, (literally) a stick (for punishing, writing, fighting, ruling, walking, etc.) or (figuratively) a clan.
of the wicked 7562
{7562} Prime
רֶשַׁע
resha`
{reh'-shah}
From H7561; a wrong (especially moral).
shall not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
rest 5117
{5117} Prime
נוּחַ
nuwach
{noo'-akh}
A primitive root; to rest, that is, settle down; used in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, intransitively, transitively and causatively (to dwell, stay, let fall, place, let alone, withdraw, give comfort, etc.).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
upon x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the lot 1486
{1486} Prime
גּוֹרָל
gowral
{go-rawl'}
From an unused root meaning to be rough (as stone); properly a pebble, that is, a lot (small stones being used for that purpose); figuratively a portion or destiny (as if determined by lot).
of the righteous; 6662
{6662} Prime
צַדִּיק
tsaddiyq
{tsad-deek'}
From H6663; just.
lest 4616
{4616} Prime
לְמַעַן
ma`an
{mah'-an}
From H6030; properly heed, that is, purpose; used only adverbially, on account of (as a motive or an aim), teleologically in order that.
x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
the righteous 6662
{6662} Prime
צַדִּיק
tsaddiyq
{tsad-deek'}
From H6663; just.
put forth 7971
{7971} Prime
שָׁלַח
shalach
{shaw-lakh'}
A primitive root; to send away, for, or out (in a great variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
their hands 3027
{3027} Prime
יָד
yad
{yawd}
A primitive word; a hand (the open one (indicating power, means, direction, etc.), in distinction from H3709, the closed one); used (as noun, adverb, etc.) in a great variety of applications, both literally and figuratively, both proximate and remote.
unto iniquity. 5766
{5766} Prime
עֶוֶל
`evel
{eh'-vel}
From H5765; (moral) evil.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 125:3

_ _ Though God may leave them for a time under the “rod,” or power (Psalms 2:9), and oppression of the wicked for a time, as a chastisement, He will not suffer them to be tempted so as to fall into sin (1 Corinthians 10:13). The wicked shall only prove a correcting rod to them, not a destroying sword; even this rod shall not remain (“rest”) on them, lest they be tempted to despair and apostasy (Psalms 73:13, Psalms 73:14). God may even try His people to the uttermost: when nothing is before our eyes but pure despair, then He delivers us and gives life in death, and makes us blessed in the curse (2 Corinthians 1:8, 2 Corinthians 1:9) [Luther].

_ _ the lot — the possession, literally, “Canaan,” spiritually, the heavenly inheritance of holiness and bliss which is appointed to the righteous. Sin’s dominion shall not permanently come between the believer and his inheritance.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 125:1-3.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 125:3

The rod — Their power and authority. Not rest — Not continue long. The lot — Upon the habitations and persons of good men. Lest — Lest they should be driven to indirect courses to relieve themselves.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 125:3

For the (b) rod of the wicked shall not rest upon the lot of the righteous; lest the righteous put forth their hands unto iniquity.

(b) Though God permits his to be under the cross lest they embrace wickedness, yet this cross will not so rest on them, that it should drive them from hope.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the rod:

Psalms 103:9 He will not always chide: neither will he keep [his anger] for ever.
Psalms 103:14 For he knoweth our frame; he remembereth that we [are] dust.
Proverbs 22:8 He that soweth iniquity shall reap vanity: and the rod of his anger shall fail.
Isaiah 10:5 O Assyrian, the rod of mine anger, and the staff in their hand is mine indignation.
Isaiah 14:5-6 The LORD hath broken the staff of the wicked, [and] the sceptre of the rulers. ... He who smote the people in wrath with a continual stroke, he that ruled the nations in anger, is persecuted, [and] none hindereth.
Isaiah 27:8 In measure, when it shooteth forth, thou wilt debate with it: he stayeth his rough wind in the day of the east wind.
1 Corinthians 10:13 There hath no temptation taken you but such as is common to man: but God [is] faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able; but will with the temptation also make a way to escape, that ye may be able to bear [it].
Revelation 2:10 Fear none of those things which thou shalt suffer: behold, the devil shall cast [some] of you into prison, that ye may be tried; and ye shall have tribulation ten days: be thou faithful unto death, and I will give thee a crown of life.

the wicked:
Heb. wickedness
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Ps 103:9, 14. Pv 22:8. Is 10:5; 14:5; 27:8. 1Co 10:13. Rv 2:10.

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