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Psalms 125:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [[A Song of Ascents.]] They that trust in Jehovah Are as mount Zion, which cannot be moved, but abideth for ever.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [[A Song of degrees.]] They that trust in the LORD [shall be] as mount Zion, [which] cannot be removed, [but] abideth for ever.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [[A Song of Ascents.]] Those who trust in the LORD Are as Mount Zion, which cannot be moved but abides forever.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [[A Song of degrees.]] They that trust in the LORD, [shall be] as mount Zion, [which] cannot be removed, [but] abideth for ever.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— [[A Song of degrees.]] They that confide in Jehovah are as mount Zion, which cannot be moved; it abideth for ever.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [[A Song of Ascents.]] They who trust in Yahweh, [are] like Mount Zion, which shall not be shaken, Age-abidingly, shall it remain.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A Song of the Ascents. Those trusting in Jehovah [are] as Mount Zion, It is not moved—to the age it abideth.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— A gradual canticle. They that trust in the Lord shall be as mount Sion: he shall not be moved for ever that dwelleth
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— [[A song of degrees.]] They that trust in the LORD, [shalbe] as mount Zion, [which] cannot be remooued, [but] abideth for euer.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [[A Song of Degrees.]] They that trust in the Lord [shall be] as mount Zion{gr.Sion}: he that dwells in Jerusalem shall never be moved.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [[A Song of degrees.]] They that trust in Yahweh [shall be] as mount Tziyyon, [which] cannot be removed, [but] abideth for ever.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[[A Song 7892
{7892} Prime
שִׁיר
shiyr
{sheer}
The second form being feminine; from H7891; a song; abstractly singing.
of degrees.]] 4609
{4609} Prime
מַעֲלָה
ma`alah
{mah-al-aw'}
Feminine of H4608; elevation, that is, the act (literally a journey to a higher place, figuratively a thought arising), or (concretely) the condition (literally a step or grade mark, figuratively a superiority of station); specifically a climactic progression (in certain Psalms).
They that trust 982
{0982} Prime
בָּטַח
batach
{baw-takh'}
A primitive root; properly to hie for refuge (but not so precipitately as H2620); figuratively to trust, be confident or sure.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
in Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
[shall be] as mount 2022
{2022} Prime
הַר
har
{har}
A shortened form of H2042; a mountain or range of hills (sometimes used figuratively).
Xiyyn צִיּוֹן, 6726
{6726} Prime
צִיּוֹן
Tsiyown
{tsee-yone'}
The same (regular) as H6725; Tsijon (as a permanent capital), a mountain of Jerusalem.
[which] cannot x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
be removed, 4131
{4131} Prime
מוֹט
mowt
{mote}
A primitive root; to waver; by implication to slip, shake, fall.
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
[but] abideth 3427
{3427} Prime
יָשַׁב
yashab
{yaw-shab'}
A primitive root; properly to sit down (specifically as judge, in ambush, in quiet); by implication to dwell, to remain; causatively to settle, to marry.
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
for ever. 5769
{5769} Prime
עוֹלָם
`owlam
{o-lawm'}
From H5956; properly concealed, that is, the vanishing point; generally time out of mind (past or future), that is, (practically) eternity; frequentative adverbially (especially with prepositional prefix) always.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 125:1-2

_ _ Psalms 125:1-5. God honors the confidence of His people, by protection and deliverance, and leaves hypocrites to the doom of the wicked.

_ _ Mount Zion — as an emblem of permanence, and locality of Jerusalem as one of security, represent the firm and protected condition of God’s people (compare Psalms 46:5), supported not only by Providence, but by covenant promise. Even the mountains shall depart, and the hills be removed, but God’s kindness shall not depart, nor His covenant of peace be removed (Isaiah 54:10).

_ _ They that trust — are “His people,” (Psalms 125:2).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 125:1-3

_ _ Here are three very precious promises made to the people of God, which, though they are designed to secure the welfare of the church in general, may be applied by particular believers to themselves, as other promises of this nature may. Here is,

_ _ I. The character of God's people, to whom these promises belong. Many call themselves God's people who have no part nor lot in this matter. But those shall have the benefit of them and may take the comfort of them, (1.) Who are righteous (Psalms 125:3), righteous before God, righteous to God, and righteous to all men, for his sake justified and sanctified. (2.) Who trust in the Lord, who depend upon his care and devote themselves to his honour. All that deal with God must deal upon trust, and he will give comfort to those only that give credit to him, and make it to appear they do so by quitting other confidences, and venturing to the utmost for God. The closer our expectations are confined to God the higher our expectations may be raised from him.

_ _ II. The promises themselves.

_ _ 1. That their hearts shall be established by faith: those minds shall be truly stayed that are stayed on God: They shall be as Mount Zion. The church in general is called Mount Zion (Hebrews 12:22), and it shall in this respect be like Mount Zion, it shall be built upon a rock, and its interests shall be so well secured that the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. The stability of the church is the satisfaction of all its well-wishers. Particular persons, who trust in God, shall be established (Psalms 112:7); their faith shall be their fixation, Isaiah 7:9. They shall be as Mount Zion, which is firm as it is a mountain supported by providence, much more as a holy mountain supported by promise. (1.) They cannot be removed by the prince of the power of the air, nor by all his subtlety and strength. They cannot be removed from their integrity nor from their confidence in God. (2.) They abide for ever in that grace which is the earnest of their everlasting continuance in glory.

_ _ 2. That, committing themselves to God, they shall be safe, under his protection, from all the insults of their enemies, as Jerusalem had a natural fastness and fortification in the mountains that were round about it, Psalms 125:2. Those mountains not only sheltered it from winds and tempests, and broke the force of them, but made it also very difficult of access for an enemy; such a defence is God's providence to his people. Observe, (1.) The compass of it: The Lord is round about his people on every side. There is no gap in the hedge of protection which he makes round about his people, at which the enemy, who goes about them, seeking to do them a mischief, can find entrance, Job 1:10. (2.) The continuance of it — henceforth even for ever. Mountains may moulder and come to nought, and rocks be removed out of their place (Job 14:18), but God's covenant with his people cannot be broken (Isaiah 54:10) nor his care of them cease. Their being said to stand fast for ever (Psalms 125:1), and here to have God round about them for ever, intimates that the promises of the stability and security of God's people will have their full accomplishment in their everlasting state. In heaven they shall stand fast for ever, shall be as pillars in the temple of our God and go no more out (Revelation 3:12), and there God himself, with his glory and favour, will be round about them for ever.

_ _ 3. That their troubles shall last no longer than their strength will serve to bear them up under them, Psalms 125:3. (1.) It is supposed that the rod of the wicked may come, may fall, upon the lot of the righteous. The rod of their power may oppress them; the rod of their anger may vex and torment them. It may fall upon their persons, their estates, their liberties, their families, their names, any thing that falls to their lot, only it cannot reach their souls. (2.) It is promised that, though it may come upon their lot, it shall not rest there; it shall not continue so long as the enemies design, and as the people of God fear, but God will cut the work short in righteousness, so short that even with the temptation he will make a way for them to escape. (3.) It is considered as a reason of this promise that if the trouble should continue over-long the righteous themselves would be in temptation to put forth their hands to iniquity, to join with wicked people in their wicked practices, to say as they say and do as they do. There is danger lest, being long persecuted for their religion, at length they grow weary of it and willing to give it up, lest, being kept long in expectation of promised mercies, they begin to distrust the promise, and to think of casting God off, upon suspicion of his having cast them off. See Psalms 73:13, Psalms 73:14. Note, God considers the frame of his people, and will proportion their trials to their strength by the care of his providence, as well as their strength to their trials by the power of his grace. Oppression makes a wise man mad, especially if it continue long; therefore for the elect's sake the days shall be shortened, that, whatever becomes of their lot in this world, they may not lose their lot among the chosen.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 125:1

"A Song of degrees." They that trust in the LORD [shall be] as mount Zion, [which] cannot (a) be removed, [but] abideth for ever.

(a) Though the world is subject to mutations, yet the people of God will stand sure and be defended by God's providence.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
that trust:

Psalms 27:1 [[[A Psalm] of David.]] The LORD [is] my light and my salvation; whom shall I fear? the LORD [is] the strength of my life; of whom shall I be afraid?
Psalms 25:2 O my God, I trust in thee: let me not be ashamed, let not mine enemies triumph over me.
Psalms 25:8 Good and upright [is] the LORD: therefore will he teach sinners in the way.
Psalms 34:22 The LORD redeemeth the soul of his servants: and none of them that trust in him shall be desolate.
Psalms 62:2 He only [is] my rock and my salvation; [he is] my defence; I shall not be greatly moved.
Psalms 62:6 He only [is] my rock and my salvation: [he is] my defence; I shall not be moved.
Psalms 118:8-9 [It is] better to trust in the LORD than to put confidence in man. ... [It is] better to trust in the LORD than to put confidence in princes.
Psalms 147:11 The LORD taketh pleasure in them that fear him, in those that hope in his mercy.
1 Chronicles 5:20 And they were helped against them, and the Hagarites were delivered into their hand, and all that [were] with them: for they cried to God in the battle, and he was intreated of them; because they put their trust in him.
Proverbs 3:5-6 Trust in the LORD with all thine heart; and lean not unto thine own understanding. ... In all thy ways acknowledge him, and he shall direct thy paths.
Jeremiah 17:7-8 Blessed [is] the man that trusteth in the LORD, and whose hope the LORD is. ... For he shall be as a tree planted by the waters, and [that] spreadeth out her roots by the river, and shall not see when heat cometh, but her leaf shall be green; and shall not be careful in the year of drought, neither shall cease from yielding fruit.
Ephesians 1:12-13 That we should be to the praise of his glory, who first trusted in Christ. ... In whom ye also [trusted], after that ye heard the word of truth, the gospel of your salvation: in whom also after that ye believed, ye were sealed with that holy Spirit of promise,
1 Peter 1:21 Who by him do believe in God, that raised him up from the dead, and gave him glory; that your faith and hope might be in God.

be as mount:

Psalms 132:13-14 For the LORD hath chosen Zion; he hath desired [it] for his habitation. ... This [is] my rest for ever: here will I dwell; for I have desired it.
Isaiah 12:6 Cry out and shout, thou inhabitant of Zion: for great [is] the Holy One of Israel in the midst of thee.
Isaiah 14:32 What shall [one] then answer the messengers of the nation? That the LORD hath founded Zion, and the poor of his people shall trust in it.
Isaiah 51:8 For the moth shall eat them up like a garment, and the worm shall eat them like wool: but my righteousness shall be for ever, and my salvation from generation to generation.
Isaiah 51:11 Therefore the redeemed of the LORD shall return, and come with singing unto Zion; and everlasting joy [shall be] upon their head: they shall obtain gladness and joy; [and] sorrow and mourning shall flee away.
Isaiah 51:16 And I have put my words in thy mouth, and I have covered thee in the shadow of mine hand, that I may plant the heavens, and lay the foundations of the earth, and say unto Zion, Thou [art] my people.
Isaiah 52:1 Awake, awake; put on thy strength, O Zion; put on thy beautiful garments, O Jerusalem, the holy city: for henceforth there shall no more come into thee the uncircumcised and the unclean.
Isaiah 52:7-8 How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him that bringeth good tidings, that publisheth peace; that bringeth good tidings of good, that publisheth salvation; that saith unto Zion, Thy God reigneth! ... Thy watchmen shall lift up the voice; with the voice together shall they sing: for they shall see eye to eye, when the LORD shall bring again Zion.
Obadiah 1:21 And saviours shall come up on mount Zion to judge the mount of Esau; and the kingdom shall be the LORD'S.
Micah 4:2 And many nations shall come, and say, Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, and to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for the law shall go forth of Zion, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.
Zechariah 1:14 So the angel that communed with me said unto me, Cry thou, saying, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; I am jealous for Jerusalem and for Zion with a great jealousy.
Zechariah 1:17 Cry yet, saying, Thus saith the LORD of hosts; My cities through prosperity shall yet be spread abroad; and the LORD shall yet comfort Zion, and shall yet choose Jerusalem.
Revelation 14:1 And I looked, and, lo, a Lamb stood on the mount Sion, and with him an hundred forty [and] four thousand, having his Father's name written in their foreheads.

but abideth:

Matthew 16:16-18 And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God. ... And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1Ch 5:20. Ps 25:2, 8; 27:1; 34:22; 62:2, 6; 118:8; 132:13; 147:11. Pv 3:5. Is 12:6; 14:32; 51:8, 11, 16; 52:1, 7. Jr 17:7. Ob 1:21. Mi 4:2. Zc 1:14, 17. Mt 16:16. Ep 1:12. 1P 1:21. Rv 14:1.

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