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Psalms 120:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— [[A Song of Ascents.]] In my distress I cried unto Jehovah, And he answered me.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— [[A Song of degrees.]] In my distress I cried unto the LORD, and he heard me.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— [[A Song of Ascents.]] In my trouble I cried to the LORD, And He answered me.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— [[A Song of degrees.]] In my distress I cried to the LORD, and he heard me.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— [[A Song of degrees.]] In my trouble I called unto Jehovah, and he answered me.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [[A Song of Ascents.]] Unto Yahweh, in the distress that befell me, I cried—and he answered me.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A Song of the Ascents. Unto Jehovah in my distress I have called, And He answereth me.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— A gradual canticle. In my trouble I cried to the Lord: and he heard me.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— [[A song of degrees.]] In my distresse I cried vnto the LORD: and hee heard me.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [[A Song of Degrees.]] In mine affliction I cried to the Lord, and he hearkened to me.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— [[A Song of degrees.]] In my distress I cried unto Yahweh, and he heard me.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
[[A Song 7892
{7892} Prime
The second form being feminine; from H7891; a song; abstractly singing.
of degrees.]] 4609
{4609} Prime
Feminine of H4608; elevation, that is, the act (literally a journey to a higher place, figuratively a thought arising), or (concretely) the condition (literally a step or grade mark, figuratively a superiority of station); specifically a climactic progression (in certain Psalms).
In my distress 6869
{6869} Prime
Feminine of H6862; tightness (that is, figuratively trouble); transitively a female rival.
I cried 7121
{7121} Prime
A primitive root (rather identical with H7122 through the idea of accosting a person met); to call out to (that is, properly address by name, but used in a wide variety of applications).
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
unto x413
(0413) Complement
(Used only in the shortened constructive form (the second form)); a primitive particle, properly denoting motion towards, but occasionally used of a quiescent position, that is, near, with or among; often in general, to.
Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
and he heard 6030
{6030} Prime
A primitive root; properly to eye or (generally) to heed, that is, pay attention; by implication to respond; by extension to begin to speak; specifically to sing, shout, testify, announce.
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 120:1

_ _ Psalms 120:1-7. This is the first of fifteen Psalms (Psalms 120-134) entitled “A Song of Degrees” (Psalms 121:1 — literally, “A song for the degrees”), or ascents. It seems most probable they were designed for the use of the people when going up (compare 1 Kings 12:27, 1 Kings 12:28) to Jerusalem on the festival occasions (Deuteronomy 16:16), three times a year. David appears as the author of four, Solomon of one (Psalms 127:1), and the other ten are anonymous, probably composed after the captivity. In this Psalm the writer acknowledges God’s mercy, prays for relief from a malicious foe, whose punishment he anticipates, and then repeats his complaint.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 120:1-4

_ _ Here is, I. Deliverance from a false tongue obtained by prayer. David records his own experience of this.

_ _ 1. He was brought into distress, into great distress, by lying lips and a deceitful tongue. There were those that sought his ruin, and had almost effected it, by lying. (1.) By telling lies to him. They flattered him with professions and protestations of friendships, and promises of kindness and service to him, that they might the more securely and without suspicion carry on their designs against him, and might have an opportunity, by betraying his counsels, to do him a mischief. They smiled in his face and kissed him, even when they were aiming to smite him under the fifth rib. The most dangerous enemies, and those which it is most hard to guard against, are such as carry on their malicious designs under the colour of friendship. The Lord deliver every good man from such lying lips. (2.) By telling lies of him. They forged false accusations against him and laid to his charge things that he knew not. This has often been the lot not only of the innocent, but of the excellent ones, of the earth, who have been greatly distressed by lying lips, and have not only had their names blackened and made odious by calumnies in conversation, but their lives, and all that is dear to them in this world, endangered by false-witness-bearing in judgment. David was herein a type of Christ, who was distressed by lying lips and deceitful tongues.

_ _ 2. In this distress he had recourse to God by faithful and fervent prayer: I cried unto the Lord. Having no fence against false tongues, he appealed to him who has all men's hearts in his hand, who has power over the consciences of bad men, and can, when he pleases, bridle their tongues. His prayer was, “Deliver my soul, O Lord! from lying lips, that my enemies may not by these cursed methods work my ruin.” He that had prayed so earnestly to be kept from lying (Psalms 119:29) and hated it so heartily in himself (Psalms 119:163) might with the more confidence pray to be kept from being belied by others, and from the ill consequences of it.

_ _ 3. He obtained a gracious answer to this prayer. God heard him; so that his enemies, though they carried their designs very far, were baffled at last, and could not prevail to do him the mischief they intended. The God of truth is, and will be, the protector of his people from lying lips, Psalms 37:6.

_ _ II. The doom of a false tongue foretold by faith, Psalms 120:3, Psalms 120:4. As God will preserve his people from this mischievous generation, so he will reckon with their enemies, Psalms 12:3, Psalms 12:7. The threatening is addressed to the sinner himself, for the awakening of his conscience, if he have any left: “Consider what shall be given unto thee, and what shall be done unto thee, by the righteous Judge of heaven and earth, thou false tongue.” Surely sinners durst not do as they do if they knew, and would be persuaded to think, what will be in the end thereof. Let liars consider what shall be given to them: Sharp arrows of the Almighty, with coals of juniper, that is, they will fall and lie for ever under the wrath of God, and will be made miserable by the tokens of his displeasure, which will fly swiftly like arrows, and will strike the sinner ere he is aware and when he sees not who hurts him. This is threatened against liars, Psalms 64:7. God shall shoot at them with an arrow; suddenly shall they be wounded. They set God at a distance from them, but from afar his arrows can reach them. They are sharp arrows, and arrows of the mighty, the Almighty; for they will pierce through the strongest armour and strike deep into the hardest heart. The terrors of the Lord are his arrows (Job 6:4), and his wrath is compared to burning coals of juniper, which do not flame or crackle, like thorns under a pot, but have a vehement heat, and keep fire very long (some say, a year round) even when they seem to be gone out. This is the portion of the false tongue; for all that love and make a lie shall have their portion in the lake that burns eternally, Revelation 22:15.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 120:1

"A Song of (a) degrees." In my (b) distress I cried unto the LORD, and he heard me.

(a) That is, of lifting up the tune and rising in singing.

(b) Even though the children of God should rejoice when they suffer for righteousness sake, yet it is a great grief to the flesh to hear evil for well doing.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
my distress:

Psalms 18:6 In my distress I called upon the LORD, and cried unto my God: he heard my voice out of his temple, and my cry came before him, [even] into his ears.
Psalms 30:7-8 LORD, by thy favour thou hast made my mountain to stand strong: thou didst hide thy face, [and] I was troubled. ... I cried to thee, O LORD; and unto the LORD I made supplication.
Psalms 50:15 And call upon me in the day of trouble: I will deliver thee, and thou shalt glorify me.
Psalms 107:13 Then they cried unto the LORD in their trouble, [and] he saved them out of their distresses.
Psalms 116:3-4 The sorrows of death compassed me, and the pains of hell gat hold upon me: I found trouble and sorrow. ... Then called I upon the name of the LORD; O LORD, I beseech thee, deliver my soul.
Psalms 118:5 I called upon the LORD in distress: the LORD answered me, [and set me] in a large place.
Isaiah 37:3-4 And they said unto him, Thus saith Hezekiah, This day [is] a day of trouble, and of rebuke, and of blasphemy: for the children are come to the birth, and [there is] not strength to bring forth. ... It may be the LORD thy God will hear the words of Rabshakeh, whom the king of Assyria his master hath sent to reproach the living God, and will reprove the words which the LORD thy God hath heard: wherefore lift up [thy] prayer for the remnant that is left.
Isaiah 37:14-20 And Hezekiah received the letter from the hand of the messengers, and read it: and Hezekiah went up unto the house of the LORD, and spread it before the LORD. ... Now therefore, O LORD our God, save us from his hand, that all the kingdoms of the earth may know that thou [art] the LORD, [even] thou only.
Isaiah 38:2-5 Then Hezekiah turned his face toward the wall, and prayed unto the LORD, ... Go, and say to Hezekiah, Thus saith the LORD, the God of David thy father, I have heard thy prayer, I have seen thy tears: behold, I will add unto thy days fifteen years.
Jonah 2:2 And said, I cried by reason of mine affliction unto the LORD, and he heard me; out of the belly of hell cried I, [and] thou heardest my voice.
Luke 22:44 And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground.
Hebrews 5:7 Who in the days of his flesh, when he had offered up prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears unto him that was able to save him from death, and was heard in that he feared;
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Ps 18:6; 30:7; 50:15; 107:13; 116:3; 118:5. Is 37:3, 14; 38:2. Jna 2:2. Lk 22:44. He 5:7.

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