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Psalms 12:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— They speak falsehood every one with his neighbor: With flattering lip, and with a double heart, do they speak.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— They speak vanity every one with his neighbour: [with] flattering lips [and] with a double heart do they speak.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— They speak falsehood to one another; With flattering lips and with a double heart they speak.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— They speak vanity every one with his neighbor: [with] flattering lips [and] with a double heart do they speak.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— They speak falsehood every one with his neighbour: [with] flattering lip, with a double heart, do they speak.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Deception, speak they, every one with his neighbour,—with lips uttering smooth things—with a heart and a heart, do they speak.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Vanity they speak each with his neighbour, Lip of flattery! With heart and heart they speak.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— They have spoken vain things, every one to his neighbour: with deceitful lips, and with a double heart have they spoken.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— They speake vanitie euery one with his neighbour: [with] flattering lips, [and] with a double heart do they speake.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Every one has spoken vanity to his neighbour: their lips are deceitful, they have spoken with a double heart.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— They speak vanity every one with his neighbour: [with] flattering lips [and] with a double heart do they speak.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
They speak 1696
{1696} Prime
דִּבֵּר
dabar
{daw-bar'}
A primitive root; perhaps properly to arrange; but used figuratively (of words) to speak; rarely (in a destructive sense) to subdue.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
vanity 7723
{7723} Prime
שָׁוְא
shav'
{shawv}
From the same as H7722 in the sense of desolating; evil (as destructive), literally (ruin) or morally (especially guile); figuratively idolatry (as false, subjectively), uselessness (as deceptive, objectively; also adverbially in vain).
every one 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
with x854
(0854) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Probably from H0579; properly nearness (used only as a preposition or adverb), near; hence generally with, by, at, among, etc.
his neighbour: 7453
{7453} Prime
רֵעַ
rea`
{ray'-ah}
From H7462; an associate (more or less close).
[with] flattering 2513
{2513} Prime
חֶלְקָה
chelqah
{khel-kaw'}
Feminine of H2506; properly smoothness; figuratively flattery; also an allotment.
lips 8193
{8193} Prime
שָׂפָה
saphah
{saw-faw'}
(The second form is in dual and plural); Probably from H5595 or H8192 through the idea of termination (compare H5490); the lip (as a natural boundary); by implication language; by analogy a margin (of a vessel, water, cloth, etc.).
[and] with a double y3820
[3820] Standard
לֵב
leb
{labe}
A form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything.
heart 3820
{3820} Prime
לֵב
leb
{labe}
A form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything.
do they speak. 1696
{1696} Prime
דִּבֵּר
dabar
{daw-bar'}
A primitive root; perhaps properly to arrange; but used figuratively (of words) to speak; rarely (in a destructive sense) to subdue.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 12:2

_ _ The want of it is illustrated by the prevalence of deceit and instability.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 12:1-8.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 12:2

They speak vanity every one with his neighbour: [with] (b) flattering lips [and] with a double heart do they speak.

(b) He means the flatters of the court which hurt him more with their tongues than with their weapons.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
They:

Psalms 10:7 His mouth is full of cursing and deceit and fraud: under his tongue [is] mischief and vanity.
Psalms 36:3-4 The words of his mouth [are] iniquity and deceit: he hath left off to be wise, [and] to do good. ... He deviseth mischief upon his bed; he setteth himself in a way [that is] not good; he abhorreth not evil.
Psalms 38:12 They also that seek after my life lay snares [for me]: and they that seek my hurt speak mischievous things, and imagine deceits all the day long.
Psalms 41:6 And if he come to see [me], he speaketh vanity: his heart gathereth iniquity to itself; [when] he goeth abroad, he telleth [it].
Psalms 52:1-4 [[To the chief Musician, Maschil, [A Psalm] of David, when Doeg the Edomite came and told Saul, and said unto him, David is come to the house of Ahimelech.]] Why boastest thou thyself in mischief, O mighty man? the goodness of God [endureth] continually. ... Thou lovest all devouring words, O [thou] deceitful tongue.
Psalms 59:12 [For] the sin of their mouth [and] the words of their lips let them even be taken in their pride: and for cursing and lying [which] they speak.
Psalms 144:8 Whose mouth speaketh vanity, and their right hand [is] a right hand of falsehood.
Psalms 144:11 Rid me, and deliver me from the hand of strange children, whose mouth speaketh vanity, and their right hand [is] a right hand of falsehood:
Jeremiah 9:2-6 Oh that I had in the wilderness a lodging place of wayfaring men; that I might leave my people, and go from them! for they [be] all adulterers, an assembly of treacherous men. ... Thine habitation [is] in the midst of deceit; through deceit they refuse to know me, saith the LORD.
Jeremiah 9:8 Their tongue [is as] an arrow shot out; it speaketh deceit: [one] speaketh peaceably to his neighbour with his mouth, but in heart he layeth his wait.

flattering:

Psalms 5:9 For [there is] no faithfulness in their mouth; their inward part [is] very wickedness; their throat [is] an open sepulchre; they flatter with their tongue.
Psalms 28:3 Draw me not away with the wicked, and with the workers of iniquity, which speak peace to their neighbours, but mischief [is] in their hearts.
Psalms 62:4 They only consult to cast [him] down from his excellency: they delight in lies: they bless with their mouth, but they curse inwardly. Selah.
Proverbs 20:19 He that goeth about [as] a talebearer revealeth secrets: therefore meddle not with him that flattereth with his lips.
Proverbs 29:5 A man that flattereth his neighbour spreadeth a net for his feet.
Ezekiel 12:24 For there shall be no more any vain vision nor flattering divination within the house of Israel.
Romans 16:18 For they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly; and by good words and fair speeches deceive the hearts of the simple.
1 Thessalonians 2:5 For neither at any time used we flattering words, as ye know, nor a cloke of covetousness; God [is] witness:

a double heart:
Heb. an heart and an heart,
1 Chronicles 12:33 Of Zebulun, such as went forth to battle, expert in war, with all instruments of war, fifty thousand, which could keep rank: [they were] not of double heart.
*marg.
James 1:8 A double minded man [is] unstable in all his ways.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

1Ch 12:33. Ps 5:9; 10:7; 28:3; 36:3; 38:12; 41:6; 52:1; 59:12; 62:4; 144:8, 11. Pv 20:19; 29:5. Jr 9:2, 8. Ezk 12:24. Ro 16:18. 1Th 2:5. Jm 1:8.

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