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Psalms 119:9 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— BETH. Wherewith shall a young man cleanse his way? By taking heed [thereto] according to thy word.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— BETH. Wherewithal shall a young man cleanse his way? by taking heed [thereto] according to thy word.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Beth. How can a young man keep his way pure? By keeping [it] according to Your word.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— BETH. Wherewith shall a young man cleanse his way? by taking heed [to it], according to thy word.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— BETH. Wherewithal shall a young man cleanse his path? by taking heed according to thy word.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [BETH.] Wherewithal can a young man keep pure his way? By taking heed, according to thy word.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— [Beth.] With what doth a young man purify his path? To observe—according to Thy word.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— By what doth a young man correct his way? by observing thy words.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— [[BETH.]] Wherewithall shall a yong man cleanse his way? by taking heede [thereto] according to thy word.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Wherewith shall a young man direct his way? by keeping thy words.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— BETH. Wherewithal shall a young man cleanse his way? by taking heed [thereto] according to thy word.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
BETH. Wherewithal x4100
(4100) Complement
מָּה
mah
{maw}
A primitive particle; properly interrogitive what? (including how?, why? and when?); but also exclamations like what! (including how!), or indefinitely what (including whatever, and even relatively that which); often used with prefixes in various adverbial or conjugational senses.
shall a young man 5288
{5288} Prime
נַעַר
na`ar
{nah'-ar}
From H5287; (concretely) a boy (as active), from the age of infancy to adolescence; by implication a servant; also (by interchange of sex), a girl (of similar latitude in age).
cleanse 2135
{2135} Prime
זָכַה
zakah
{zaw-kaw'}
A primitive root (compare H2141); to be translucent; figuratively to be innocent.
z8762
<8762> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 2447
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
his way? 734
{0734} Prime
אֹרַח
'orach
{o'-rakh}
From H0732; a well trodden road (literally or figuratively); also a caravan.
by taking heed 8104
{8104} Prime
שָׁמַר
shamar
{shaw-mar'}
A primitive root; properly to hedge about (as with thorns), that is, guard; generally to protect, attend to, etc.
z8800
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
[thereto] according to thy word. 1697
{1697} Prime
דָּבָר
dabar
{daw-baw'}
From H1696; a word; by implication a matter (as spoken of) or thing; adverbially a cause.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 119:9

Beth. (Psalm 119:9-16).

_ _ The whole verse may be read as a question; for,

_ _ by taking heed — is better, “for” taking heed, that is, so as to do it. The answer is implied, and inferable from Psalms 119:5, Psalms 119:10, Psalms 119:18, etc., that is, by God’s grace.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 119:9

_ _ Here is, 1. A weighty question asked. By what means may the next generation be made better than this? Wherewithal shall a young man cleanse his way? Cleansing implies that it is polluted. Besides the original corruption we all brought into the world with us (from which we are not cleansed unto this day), there are many particular sins which young people are subject to, by which they defile their way, youthful lusts (2 Timothy 2:22); these render their way offensive to God and disgraceful to themselves. Young men are concerned to cleanse their way — to get their hearts renewed and their lives reformed, to make clean, and keep clean, from the corruption that is in the world through lust, that they may have both a good conscience and a good name. Few young people do themselves enquire by what means they may recover and preserve their purity; and therefore David asks the question for them. 2. A satisfactory answer given to this question. Young men may effectually cleanse their way by taking heed thereto according to the word of God; and it is the honour of the word of God that it has such power and is of such use both to particular persons and to communities, whose happiness lies much in the virtue of their youth. (1.) Young men must make the word of God their rule, must acquaint themselves with it and resolve to conform themselves to it; that will do more towards the cleansing of young men that the laws of princes or the morals of philosophers. (2.) They must carefully apply that rule and make use of it; they must take heed to their way, must examine it by the word of God, as a touchstone and standard, must rectify what is amiss in it by that regulator and steer by that chart and compass. God's word will not do without our watchfulness, and a constant regard both to it and to our way, that we may compare them together. The ruin of young men is either living at large (or by no rule at all) or choosing to themselves false rules: let them ponder the path of their feet, and walk by scripture-rules; so their way shall be clean, and they shall have the comfort and credit of it here and for ever.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 119:9

A young man — Or, any man. But he names the young man, because such are commonly void of wisdom and experience, and exposed to many and great temptations. Cleanse — Purge himself from all filthiness of flesh and spirit.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 119:9

BETH. Wherewithal shall a (a) young man cleanse his way? by taking heed [thereto] according to thy word.

(a) Because youth is most given to licentiousness, he chiefly warns them to frame their lives after God's word.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
shall:

Psalms 25:7 Remember not the sins of my youth, nor my transgressions: according to thy mercy remember thou me for thy goodness' sake, O LORD.
Psalms 34:11 Come, ye children, hearken unto me: I will teach you the fear of the LORD.
Job 1:5 And it was so, when the days of [their] feasting were gone about, that Job sent and sanctified them, and rose up early in the morning, and offered burnt offerings [according] to the number of them all: for Job said, It may be that my sons have sinned, and cursed God in their hearts. Thus did Job continually.
Job 13:26 For thou writest bitter things against me, and makest me to possess the iniquities of my youth.
Proverbs 1:4 To give subtilty to the simple, to the young man knowledge and discretion.
Proverbs 1:10 My son, if sinners entice thee, consent thou not.
Proverbs 4:1 Hear, ye children, the instruction of a father, and attend to know understanding.
Proverbs 4:10-17 Hear, O my son, and receive my sayings; and the years of thy life shall be many. ... For they eat the bread of wickedness, and drink the wine of violence.
Proverbs 5:7-23 Hear me now therefore, O ye children, and depart not from the words of my mouth. ... He shall die without instruction; and in the greatness of his folly he shall go astray.
Proverbs 6:20-35 My son, keep thy father's commandment, and forsake not the law of thy mother: ... He will not regard any ransom; neither will he rest content, though thou givest many gifts.
Proverbs 7:7 And beheld among the simple ones, I discerned among the youths, a young man void of understanding,
Ecclesiastes 11:9-10 Rejoice, O young man, in thy youth; and let thy heart cheer thee in the days of thy youth, and walk in the ways of thine heart, and in the sight of thine eyes: but know thou, that for all these [things] God will bring thee into judgment. ... Therefore remove sorrow from thy heart, and put away evil from thy flesh: for childhood and youth [are] vanity.
Ecclesiastes 12:1 Remember now thy Creator in the days of thy youth, while the evil days come not, nor the years draw nigh, when thou shalt say, I have no pleasure in them;
Luke 15:13 And not many days after the younger son gathered all together, and took his journey into a far country, and there wasted his substance with riotous living.
2 Timothy 2:22 Flee also youthful lusts: but follow righteousness, faith, charity, peace, with them that call on the Lord out of a pure heart.
Titus 2:4-6 That they may teach the young women to be sober, to love their husbands, to love their children, ... Young men likewise exhort to be sober minded.

by taking:

Psalms 119:11 Thy word have I hid in mine heart, that I might not sin against thee.
Psalms 119:97-105 MEM. O how love I thy law! it [is] my meditation all the day. ... NUN. Thy word [is] a lamp unto my feet, and a light unto my path.
Psalms 1:1-3 Blessed [is] the man that walketh not in the counsel of the ungodly, nor standeth in the way of sinners, nor sitteth in the seat of the scornful. ... And he shall be like a tree planted by the rivers of water, that bringeth forth his fruit in his season; his leaf also shall not wither; and whatsoever he doeth shall prosper.
Psalms 19:7-11 The law of the LORD [is] perfect, converting the soul: the testimony of the LORD [is] sure, making wise the simple. ... Moreover by them is thy servant warned: [and] in keeping of them [there is] great reward.
Psalms 78:4-8 We will not hide [them] from their children, shewing to the generation to come the praises of the LORD, and his strength, and his wonderful works that he hath done. ... And might not be as their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation; a generation [that] set not their heart aright, and whose spirit was not stedfast with God.
Deuteronomy 6:6-9 And these words, which I command thee this day, shall be in thine heart: ... And thou shalt write them upon the posts of thy house, and on thy gates.
Deuteronomy 17:18 And it shall be, when he sitteth upon the throne of his kingdom, that he shall write him a copy of this law in a book out of [that which is] before the priests the Levites:
Joshua 1:7 Only be thou strong and very courageous, that thou mayest observe to do according to all the law, which Moses my servant commanded thee: turn not from it [to] the right hand or [to] the left, that thou mayest prosper whithersoever thou goest.
John 15:3 Now ye are clean through the word which I have spoken unto you.
2 Timothy 3:15-17 And that from a child thou hast known the holy scriptures, which are able to make thee wise unto salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus. ... That the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works.
James 1:21-25 Wherefore lay apart all filthiness and superfluity of naughtiness, and receive with meekness the engrafted word, which is able to save your souls. ... But whoso looketh into the perfect law of liberty, and continueth [therein], he being not a forgetful hearer, but a doer of the work, this man shall be blessed in his deed.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Dt 6:6; 17:18. Jsh 1:7. Jb 1:5; 13:26. Ps 1:1; 19:7; 25:7; 34:11; 78:4; 119:11, 97. Pv 1:4, 10; 4:1, 10; 5:7; 6:20; 7:7. Ec 11:9; 12:1. Lk 15:13. Jn 15:3. 2Ti 2:22; 3:15. Tit 2:4. Jm 1:21.

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