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Psalms 119:85 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The proud have digged pits for me, Who are not according to thy law.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The proud have digged pits for me, which [are] not after thy law.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The arrogant have dug pits for me, [Men] who are not in accord with Your law.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The proud have digged pits for me, which [are] not according to thy law.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The proud have digged pits for me, which is not according to thy law.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Insolent men digged for me pits, men who are not according to thy law.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The proud have digged for me pits, That [are] not according to Thy law.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The wicked have told me fables: but not as thy law.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The proud haue digged pittes for me: which [are] not after thy law.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Transgressors told me [idle tales]; but not according to thy law, O Lord.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The proud have digged pits for me, which [are] not after thy law.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The proud 2086
{2086} Prime
זֵד
zed
{zade'}
From H2102; arrogant.
have digged 3738
{3738} Prime
כָּרָה
karah
{kaw-raw'}
A primitive root; properly to dig; figuratively to plot; generally to bore or open.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
pits 7882
{7882} Prime
שִׁיחָה
shiychah
{shee-khaw'}
From H7745; a pit fall.
for me, which x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
[are] not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
after thy law. 8451
{8451} Prime
תּוֹרָה
towrah
{to-raw'}
From H3384; a precept or statute, especially the Decalogue or Pentateuch.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 119:84-87.


Psalms 119:85

_ _ pits — plots for my destruction.

_ _ which — rather, “who,” that is, “the proud”; “pits” is not the antecedent.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 119:85-87

_ _ David's state was herein a type and figure of the state both of Christ and Christians that he was grievously persecuted; as there are many of his psalms, so there are many of the verses of this psalm, which complain of this, as those here. Here observe,

_ _ I. The account he gives of his persecutors and their malice against him. 1. They were proud, and in their pride they persecuted him, glorying in this, that they could trample upon one who was so much cried up, and hoping to raise themselves on his ruins. 2. They were unjust: They persecuted him wrongfully; so far was he from giving them any provocation that he had studied to oblige them; but for his love they were his adversaries. 3. They were spiteful: They dug pits for him, which intimates that they were deliberate in their designs against him and that what they did was of malice prepense; it intimates likewise that they were subtle and crafty, and had the serpent's head as well as the serpent's venom, that they were industrious and would refuse no pains to do him a mischief, and treacherous, laying snares in secret for him, as hunters do take wild beasts, Psalms 35:7. Such has been the enmity of the serpent's seed to the seed of the woman. 4. They herein showed their enmity to God himself. The pits they dug for him were not after God's law; he means they were very much against his law, which forbids to devise evil to our neighbour, and has particularly said, Touch not my anointed. The law appointed that, if a man dug a pit which occasioned any mischief, he should answer for the mischief (Exodus 21:33, Exodus 21:34), much more when it was dug with a mischievous design. 5. They carried on their designs against him so far that they had almost consumed him upon earth; they went near to ruin him and all his interests. It is possible that those who shall shortly be consummate in heaven may be, for the present, almost consumed on earth; and it is of the Lord's mercies (and, considering the malice of their enemies, it is a miracle of mercy) that they are not quite consumed. But the bush in which God is, though it burns, shall not be burnt up.

_ _ II. His application to God in his persecuted state. 1. He acknowledges the truth and goodness of his religion, though he suffered: “However it be, all thy commandments are faithful, and therefore, whatever I lose for my observance of them, I know I shall not lose by it.” True religion, if it be worth any thing, is worth every thing, and therefore worth suffering for. “Men are false; I find them do; men of low degree, men of high degree, are so, there is no trusting them. But all thy commandments are faithful; on them I may rely.” 2. He begs that God would stand by him, and succour him: “They persecute me; help thou me; help me under my troubles, that I may bear them patiently, and as becomes me, and may still hold fast my integrity, and in due time help me out of my troubles.” God help me is an excellent comprehensive prayer; it is a pity that it should ever be used lightly and as a by-word.

_ _ III. His adherence to his duty notwithstanding all the malice of his persecutors (Psalms 119:87): But I forsook not thy precepts. That which they aimed at was to frighten him from the ways of God, but they could not prevail; he would sooner forsake all that was dear to him in this world than forsake the word of God, would sooner lose his life than lose the comfort of doing his duty.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 119:85

Who — Who have no respect to thy law.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 119:85

The proud have (d) digged pits for me, which [are] not after thy law.

(d) They have not only oppressed me violently but also craftily conspired against me.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
The proud:
This metaphor is taken from the mode in which wild beasts are caught in the East. Deep pits are dug in the earth, and slightly covered over with reeds, turf, etc., so as not to be discerned from the solid ground; and the animals attempting to walk over them, the surface breaks, they fall in, and are taken alive. Thus the Psalmist's enemies employed craft as well as power in order to effect his ruin.
Psalms 119:78 Let the proud be ashamed; for they dealt perversely with me without a cause: [but] I will meditate in thy precepts.
Psalms 7:15 He made a pit, and digged it, and is fallen into the ditch [which] he made.
Psalms 35:7 For without cause have they hid for me their net [in] a pit, [which] without cause they have digged for my soul.
Psalms 36:11 Let not the foot of pride come against me, and let not the hand of the wicked remove me.
Proverbs 16:27 An ungodly man diggeth up evil: and in his lips [there is] as a burning fire.
Jeremiah 18:20 Shall evil be recompensed for good? for they have digged a pit for my soul. Remember that I stood before thee to speak good for them, [and] to turn away thy wrath from them.

which:

Psalms 58:1-2 [[To the chief Musician, Altaschith, Michtam of David.]] Do ye indeed speak righteousness, O congregation? do ye judge uprightly, O ye sons of men? ... Yea, in heart ye work wickedness; ye weigh the violence of your hands in the earth.
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Ps 7:15; 35:7; 36:11; 58:1; 119:78. Pv 16:27. Jr 18:20.

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