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Psalms 119:53 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Hot indignation hath taken hold upon me, Because of the wicked that forsake thy law.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Horror hath taken hold upon me because of the wicked that forsake thy law.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Burning indignation has seized me because of the wicked, Who forsake Your law.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Horror hath taken hold upon me because of the wicked that forsake thy law.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Burning indignation hath taken hold upon me because of the wicked who forsake thy law.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— A raging heat, hath seized me, by reason of the lawless, who forsake thy law.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Horror hath seized me, Because of the wicked forsaking Thy law.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— A fainting hath taken hold of me, because of the wicked that forsake thy law.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Horrour hath taken holde vpon me, because of the wicked that forsake thy Law.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Despair took hold upon me, because of the sinners who forsake thy law.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Horror hath taken hold upon me because of the wicked that forsake thy law.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Horror 2152
{2152} Prime
From H2196; a glow (of wind or anger); also a famine (as consuming).
hath taken hold y270
[0270] Standard
A primitive root; to seize (often with the accessory idea of holding in possession).
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
upon x270
(0270) Complement
A primitive root; to seize (often with the accessory idea of holding in possession).
me because of the wicked 7563
{7563} Prime
From H7561; morally wrong; concretely an (actively) bad person.
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
that forsake 5800
{5800} Prime
A primitive root; to loosen, that is, relinquish, permit, etc.
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
thy law. 8451
{8451} Prime
From H3384; a precept or statute, especially the Decalogue or Pentateuch.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 119:52-56.

Psalms 119:53

_ _ Horror — rather, “vehement wrath” [Hengstenberg].

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 119:53

_ _ Here is, 1. The character of wicked people; he means those that are openly and grossly wicked: They forsake thy law. Every sin is a transgression of the law, but a course and way of wilful and avowed sin is downright forsaking it and throwing it off. 2. The impression which the wickedness of the wicked made upon David; it frightened him, it put him into an amazement. He trembled to think of the dishonour thereby done to God, the gratification thereby given to Satan, and the mischiefs thereby done to the souls of men. He dreaded the consequences of it both to the sinners themselves (and cried out, O gather not my soul with sinners! let my enemy be as the wicked) and to the interests of God's kingdom among men, which he was afraid would be thereby sunk and ruined. He does not say, “Horror has taken hold on me because of their cruel designs against me,” but “because of the contempt they put on God and his law.” Sin is a monstrous horrible thing in the eyes of all that are sanctified, Jeremiah 5:30; Jeremiah 23:14; Hosea 6:10; Jeremiah 2:12.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 119:53

Horror — A mixed passion, made up of abhorrence of their sins, and dread and sorrow at the consideration of the judgments of God coming upon them.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 119:53

(d) Horror hath taken hold upon me because of the wicked that forsake thy law.

(d) That is, a vehement zeal to your glory and indignation against the wicked.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Zilaphah properly signifies the pestilential burning wind called by the Arabs Simoom (see
Psalms 11:6 Upon the wicked he shall rain snares, fire and brimstone, and an horrible tempest: [this shall be] the portion of their cup.
). It is here used in a figurative sense for the most horrid mental distress; and strongly marks the idea the Psalmist had of the corrupting, pestilential, and destructive nature of sin.
Psalms 119:136 Rivers of waters run down mine eyes, because they keep not thy law.
Psalms 119:158 I beheld the transgressors, and was grieved; because they kept not thy word.
Ezra 9:3 And when I heard this thing, I rent my garment and my mantle, and plucked off the hair of my head and of my beard, and sat down astonied.
Ezra 9:14 Should we again break thy commandments, and join in affinity with the people of these abominations? wouldest not thou be angry with us till thou hadst consumed [us], so that [there should be] no remnant nor escaping?
Ezra 10:6 Then Ezra rose up from before the house of God, and went into the chamber of Johanan the son of Eliashib: and [when] he came thither, he did eat no bread, nor drink water: for he mourned because of the transgression of them that had been carried away.
Jeremiah 13:17 But if ye will not hear it, my soul shall weep in secret places for [your] pride; and mine eye shall weep sore, and run down with tears, because the LORD'S flock is carried away captive.
Daniel 4:19 Then Daniel, whose name [was] Belteshazzar, was astonied for one hour, and his thoughts troubled him. The king spake, and said, Belteshazzar, let not the dream, or the interpretation thereof, trouble thee. Belteshazzar answered and said, My lord, the dream [be] to them that hate thee, and the interpretation thereof to thine enemies.
Habakkuk 3:16 When I heard, my belly trembled; my lips quivered at the voice: rottenness entered into my bones, and I trembled in myself, that I might rest in the day of trouble: when he cometh up unto the people, he will invade them with his troops.
Luke 19:41-42 And when he was come near, he beheld the city, and wept over it, ... Saying, If thou hadst known, even thou, at least in this thy day, the things [which belong] unto thy peace! but now they are hid from thine eyes.
Romans 9:1-3 I say the truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience also bearing me witness in the Holy Ghost, ... For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my kinsmen according to the flesh:
2 Corinthians 12:21 [And] lest, when I come again, my God will humble me among you, and [that] I shall bewail many which have sinned already, and have not repented of the uncleanness and fornication and lasciviousness which they have committed.
Philippians 3:18 (For many walk, of whom I have told you often, and now tell you even weeping, [that they are] the enemies of the cross of Christ:
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Ezr 9:3, 14; 10:6. Ps 11:6; 119:136, 158. Jr 13:17. Dn 4:19. Hab 3:16. Lk 19:41. Ro 9:1. 2Co 12:21. Php 3:18.

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