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Psalms 119:161 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— SHIN. Princes have persecuted me without a cause; But my heart standeth in awe of thy words.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— SCHIN. Princes have persecuted me without a cause: but my heart standeth in awe of thy word.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Shin. Princes persecute me without cause, But my heart stands in awe of Your words.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— SCHIN. Princes have persecuted me without a cause; but my heart standeth in awe of thy word.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— SHIN. Princes have persecuted me without a cause; but my heart standeth in awe of thy word.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [SHIN.] Rulers, have persecuted me, without cause, But, of thy word, hath my heart stood in awe.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— [Shin.] Princes have pursued me without cause, And because of Thy words was my heart afraid.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Princes have persecuted me without cause: and my heart hath been in awe of thy words.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— [[SCHIN.]] Princes haue persecuted mee without a cause: but my heart standeth in awe of thy word.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Princes persecuted me without a cause, but my heart feared because of thy words.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— SCHIN. Princes have persecuted me without a cause: but my heart standeth in awe of thy word.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
SCHIN. Princes 8269
{8269} Prime
שַׂר
sar
{sar}
From H8323; a head person (of any rank or class).
have persecuted 7291
{7291} Prime
רָדַף
radaph
{raw-daf'}
A primitive root; to run after (usually with hostile intent; figuratively (of time) gone by).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
me without a cause: 2600
{2600} Prime
חִנָּם
chinnam
{khin-nawm'}
From H2580; gratis, that is, devoid of cost, reason or advantage.
but my heart 3820
{3820} Prime
לֵב
leb
{labe}
A form of H3824; the heart; also used (figuratively) very widely for the feelings, the will and even the intellect; likewise for the centre of anything.
standeth in awe 6342
{6342} Prime
פָּחַד
pachad
{paw-kkad'}
A primitive root; to be startled (by a sudden alarm); hence to fear in general.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
of thy word. 1697
{1697} Prime
דָּבָר
dabar
{daw-baw'}
From H1696; a word; by implication a matter (as spoken of) or thing; adverbially a cause.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 119:161-165

Schin. (Psalm 119:161-168).

_ _ (Compare Psalms 119:46, Psalms 119:86).

_ _ awe — reverential, not slavish fear, which could not coexist with love (Psalms 119:163; 1 John 4:8). Instead of fearing his persecutors, he fears God’s Word alone (Luke 12:4, Luke 12:5). The Jews inscribe in the first page of the great Bible (Genesis 28:17), “How dreadful is this place! This is none other but the house of God, and this is the gate of heaven!”

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 119:161

_ _ David here lets us know, 1. How he was discouraged in his duty by the fear of man: Princes persecuted him. They looked upon him as a traitor and an enemy to the government, and under that notion sought his life, and bade him go serve other gods, 1 Samuel 26:19. It has been the common lot of the best men to be persecuted; and the case is the worse if princes be the persecutors, for they have not only the sword in their hand, and therefore can do the more hurt, but they have the law on their side, and can do it with reputation and a colour of justice. It is sad that the power which magistrates have from God, and should use for him, should ever be employed against him. But marvel not at the matter, Ecclesiastes 5:8. It was a comfort to David that when princes persecuted him he could truly say it was without cause, he never gave them any provocation. 2. How he was kept to his duty, notwithstanding, by the fear of God: “They would make me stand in awe of them and their word, and do as they bid me; but my heart stands in awe of thy word, and I am resolved to please God, and keep in with him, whoever is displeased and falls out with me.” Every gracious soul stands in awe of the word of God, of the authority of its precepts and the terror of its threatenings; and to those that do so nothing appears, in the power and wrath of man, at all formidable. We ought to obey God rather than men, and to make sure of God's favour, though we throw ourselves under the frowns of all the world, Luke 12:4, Luke 12:5. The heart that stands in awe of God's word is armed against the temptations that arise from persecution.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 119:161

But — But I feared thine offence and displeasure more than their wrath.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 119:161

SCHIN. Princes have (a) persecuted me without a cause: but my heart standeth in awe of thy word.

(a) The threatenings and persecutions of princes could not cause me to cease to confess you whom I fear more than men.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Princes:

Psalms 119:23 Princes also did sit [and] speak against me: [but] thy servant did meditate in thy statutes.
Psalms 119:157 Many [are] my persecutors and mine enemies; [yet] do I not decline from thy testimonies.
1 Samuel 21:15 Have I need of mad men, that ye have brought this [fellow] to play the mad man in my presence? shall this [fellow] come into my house?
1 Samuel 24:9-15 And David said to Saul, Wherefore hearest thou men's words, saying, Behold, David seeketh thy hurt? ... The LORD therefore be judge, and judge between me and thee, and see, and plead my cause, and deliver me out of thine hand.
1 Samuel 26:18 And he said, Wherefore doth my lord thus pursue after his servant? for what have I done? or what evil [is] in mine hand?
John 15:25 But [this cometh to pass], that the word might be fulfilled that is written in their law, They hated me without a cause.

my heart:

Psalms 4:4 Stand in awe, and sin not: commune with your own heart upon your bed, and be still. Selah.
Genesis 39:9 [There is] none greater in this house than I; neither hath he kept back any thing from me but thee, because thou [art] his wife: how then can I do this great wickedness, and sin against God?
Genesis 42:18 And Joseph said unto them the third day, This do, and live; [for] I fear God:
2 Kings 22:19 Because thine heart was tender, and thou hast humbled thyself before the LORD, when thou heardest what I spake against this place, and against the inhabitants thereof, that they should become a desolation and a curse, and hast rent thy clothes, and wept before me; I also have heard [thee], saith the LORD.
Nehemiah 5:15 But the former governors that [had been] before me were chargeable unto the people, and had taken of them bread and wine, beside forty shekels of silver; yea, even their servants bare rule over the people: but so did not I, because of the fear of God.
Job 31:23 For destruction [from] God [was] a terror to me, and by reason of his highness I could not endure.
Isaiah 66:2 For all those [things] hath mine hand made, and all those [things] have been, saith the LORD: but to this [man] will I look, [even] to [him that is] poor and of a contrite spirit, and trembleth at my word.
Jeremiah 36:23-25 And it came to pass, [that] when Jehudi had read three or four leaves, he cut it with the penknife, and cast [it] into the fire that [was] on the hearth, until all the roll was consumed in the fire that [was] on the hearth. ... Nevertheless Elnathan and Delaiah and Gemariah had made intercession to the king that he would not burn the roll: but he would not hear them.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 39:9; 42:18. 1S 21:15; 24:9; 26:18. 2K 22:19. Ne 5:15. Jb 31:23. Ps 4:4; 119:23, 157. Is 66:2. Jr 36:23. Jn 15:25.

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