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Psalms 119:158 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— I beheld the treacherous, and was grieved, Because they observe not thy word.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— I beheld the transgressors, and was grieved; because they kept not thy word.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— I behold the treacherous and loathe [them], Because they do not keep Your word.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— I beheld the transgressors, and was grieved; because they kept not thy word.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— I beheld them that deal treacherously, and was grieved; because they kept not thy *word.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— I have seen traitors, and felt loathing, Because, thy word, they kept not.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— I have seen treacherous ones, And grieve myself, Because Thy saying they have not kept.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I beheld the transgressors, and pined away; because they kept not thy word.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— I beheld the transgressours, and was grieued: because they kept not thy word.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— I beheld men acting foolishly, and I pined away; for they kept not thine oracles.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— I beheld the transgressors, and was grieved; because they kept not thy word.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
I beheld 7200
{7200} Prime
רָאָה
ra'ah
{raw-aw'}
A primitive root; to see, literally or figuratively (in numerous applications, direct and implied, transitively, intransitively and causatively).
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
the transgressors, 898
{0898} Prime
בּגד
bagad
{baw-gad'}
A primitive root; to cover (with a garment); figuratively to act covertly; by implication to pillage.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
and was grieved; 6962
{6962} Prime
קוּט
quwt
{koot}
A primitive root; properly to cut off, that is, (figuratively) detest.
z8709
<8709> Grammar
Stem - Hithpolel (See H8824)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 45
because x834
(0834) Complement
אֲשֶׁר
'asher
{ash-er'}
A primitive relative pronoun (of every gender and number); who, which, what, that; also (as adverb and conjunction) when, where, how, because, in order that, etc.
they kept 8104
{8104} Prime
שָׁמַר
shamar
{shaw-mar'}
A primitive root; properly to hedge about (as with thorns), that is, guard; generally to protect, attend to, etc.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
thy word. 565
{0565} Prime
אִמְרָה
'imrah
{im-raw'}
The second form is the feminine of H0561, and meaning the same.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 119:158

_ _ (Compare Psalms 119:136).

_ _ transgressors — or, literally, “traitors,” who are faithless to a righteous sovereign and side with His enemies (compare Psalms 25:3, Psalms 25:8).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 119:158

_ _ Here is, 1. David's sorrow for the wickedness of the wicked. Though he conversed much at home, yet sometimes he looked abroad, and could not but see the wicked walking on every side. He beheld the transgressors, those whose sins were open before all men, and it grieved him to see them dishonour God, serve Satan, debauch the world, and ruin their own souls, to see the transgressors so numerous, so daring, so very impudent, and so industrious to draw unstable souls into their snares. All this cannot but be a grief to those who have any regard to the glory of God and the welfare of mankind. 2. The reason of that sorrow. He was grieved, not because they were vexatious to him, but because they were provoking to God: They kept not thy word. Those that hate sin truly hate it as sin, as a transgression of the law of God and a violation of his word.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 119:158

I beheld the transgressors, and was (c) grieved; because they kept not thy word.

(c) My zeal consumed me when I saw their malice and contempt for your glory.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Psalms 119:53 Horror hath taken hold upon me because of the wicked that forsake thy law.
Psalms 119:136 Rivers of waters run down mine eyes, because they keep not thy law.
Ezekiel 9:4 And the LORD said unto him, Go through the midst of the city, through the midst of Jerusalem, and set a mark upon the foreheads of the men that sigh and that cry for all the abominations that be done in the midst thereof.
Mark 3:5 And when he had looked round about on them with anger, being grieved for the hardness of their hearts, he saith unto the man, Stretch forth thine hand. And he stretched [it] out: and his hand was restored whole as the other.
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Ps 119:53, 136. Ezk 9:4. Mk 3:5.

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