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Psalms 119:121 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— AYIN. I have done justice and righteousness: Leave me not to mine oppressors.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— AIN. I have done judgment and justice: leave me not to mine oppressors.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Ayin. I have done justice and righteousness; Do not leave me to my oppressors.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— AIN. I have done judgment and justice; leave me not to my oppressors.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— AIN. I have done judgment and justice: leave me not to mine oppressors.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— [AYIN.] I have done justice and righteousness,—Do not leave me to mine oppressors.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— [Ain.] I have done judgment and righteousness, Leave me not to mine oppressors.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— I have done judgment and justice: give me not up to them that slander me.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— [[AIN.]] I Haue done Iudgement and iustice: leaue mee not to mine oppressours.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— I have done judgment and justice; deliver me not up to them that injure me.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— AIN. I have done judgment and justice: leave me not to mine oppressors.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
AIN. I have done 6213
{6213} Prime
A primitive root; to do or make, in the broadest sense and widest application.
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
judgment 4941
{4941} Prime
From H8199; properly a verdict (favorable or unfavorable) pronounced judicially, especially a sentence or formal decree (human or (particularly) divine law, individual or collectively), including the act, the place, the suit, the crime, and the penalty; abstractly justice, including a particular right, or privilege (statutory or customary), or even a style.
and justice: 6664
{6664} Prime
From H6663; the right (natural, moral or legal); also (abstractly) equity or (figuratively) prosperity.
leave y3240
[3240] Standard
A primitive root; to deposit; by implication to allow to stay. (The Hiphil forms with the dagesh are here referred to, in accordance with the older grammarians; but if any distinction of the kind is to be made, these should rather be referred to H5117, and the others here).
<8686> Grammar
Stem - Hiphil (See H8818)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 4046
(5117) Complement
A primitive root; to rest, that is, settle down; used in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, intransitively, transitively and causatively (to dwell, stay, let fall, place, let alone, withdraw, give comfort, etc.).
me not x1077
(1077) Complement
From H1086; properly a failure; by implication nothing; usually (adverbially) not at all; also lest.
to mine oppressors. 6231
{6231} Prime
A primitive root (compare H6229); to press upon, that is, oopress, defraud, violate, overflow.
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 119:121-126

Ain. (Psalm 119:121-128).

_ _ On the grounds of his integrity, desire for God’s word, and covenant relation to Him, the servant of God may plead for His protecting care against the wicked, gracious guidance to the knowledge of truth, and His effective vindication of the righteous and their cause, which is also His own.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 119:121-122

_ _ David here appeals to God, 1. As his witness that he had not done wrong; he could truly say, “I have done judgment and justice, that is, I have made conscience of rendering to all their due, and have not by force or fraud hindered any of their right.” Take him as a king, he executed judgment and justice to all his people, 2 Samuel 8:15. Take him in a private capacity, he could appeal to Saul himself that there was no evil or transgression in his hand, 1 Samuel 24:11. Note, Honesty is the best policy and will be our rejoicing in the day of evil. 2. As his Judge, that he might not be wronged. Having done justice for others that were oppressed, he begs that God would do him justice and avenge him of his adversaries: “Be surety for thy servant, for good; undertake for me against those that would run me down and ruin me.” He is sensible that he cannot make his part good himself, and therefore begs that God would appear for him. Christ is our surety with God; and, if he be so, Providence shall be our surety against all the world. Who or what shall harm us if God's power and goodness be engaged for our protection and rescue? He does not prescribe to God what he should do for him; only let it be for good, in such way and manner as Infinite Wisdom sees best; “only let me not be left to my oppressors.” Though David had done judgment and justice, yet he had many enemies; but, having God for his friend, he hoped they should not have their will against him; and in that hope he prayed again, Let not the proud oppress me. David, one of the best of men, was oppressed by the proud, whom God beholds afar off; the condition therefore of the persecuted is better than that of the persecutors, and will appear so at last.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 119:121

Judgment, &c. — Just judgment.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

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Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
I have:

Psalms 7:3-5 O LORD my God, if I have done this; if there be iniquity in my hands; ... Let the enemy persecute my soul, and take [it]; yea, let him tread down my life upon the earth, and lay mine honour in the dust. Selah.
Psalms 18:20-24 The LORD rewarded me according to my righteousness; according to the cleanness of my hands hath he recompensed me. ... Therefore hath the LORD recompensed me according to my righteousness, according to the cleanness of my hands in his eyesight.
Psalms 75:2 When I shall receive the congregation I will judge uprightly.
1 Samuel 24:11-15 Moreover, my father, see, yea, see the skirt of thy robe in my hand: for in that I cut off the skirt of thy robe, and killed thee not, know thou and see that [there is] neither evil nor transgression in mine hand, and I have not sinned against thee; yet thou huntest my soul to take it. ... The LORD therefore be judge, and judge between me and thee, and see, and plead my cause, and deliver me out of thine hand.
1 Samuel 25:28 I pray thee, forgive the trespass of thine handmaid: for the LORD will certainly make my lord a sure house; because my lord fighteth the battles of the LORD, and evil hath not been found in thee [all] thy days.
2 Samuel 8:15 And David reigned over all Israel; and David executed judgment and justice unto all his people.
Acts 21:16 There went with us also [certain] of the disciples of Caesarea, and brought with them one Mnason of Cyprus, an old disciple, with whom we should lodge.
Acts 25:10-11 Then said Paul, I stand at Caesar's judgment seat, where I ought to be judged: to the Jews have I done no wrong, as thou very well knowest. ... For if I be an offender, or have committed any thing worthy of death, I refuse not to die: but if there be none of these things whereof these accuse me, no man may deliver me unto them. I appeal unto Caesar.
2 Corinthians 1:12 For our rejoicing is this, the testimony of our conscience, that in simplicity and godly sincerity, not with fleshly wisdom, but by the grace of God, we have had our conversation in the world, and more abundantly to you-ward.

leave me:

Psalms 37:33 The LORD will not leave him in his hand, nor condemn him when he is judged.
Psalms 57:3-4 He shall send from heaven, and save me [from] the reproach of him that would swallow me up. Selah. God shall send forth his mercy and his truth. ... My soul [is] among lions: [and] I lie [even among] them that are set on fire, [even] the sons of men, whose teeth [are] spears and arrows, and their tongue a sharp sword.
2 Peter 2:9 The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly out of temptations, and to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be punished:
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1S 24:11; 25:28. 2S 8:15. Ps 7:3; 18:20; 37:33; 57:3; 75:2. Ac 21:16; 25:10. 2Co 1:12. 2P 2:9.

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