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Psalms 119:118 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Thou hast set at nought all them that err from thy statutes; For their deceit is falsehood.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Thou hast trodden down all them that err from thy statutes: for their deceit [is] falsehood.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— You have rejected all those who wander from Your statutes, For their deceitfulness is useless.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Thou hast trodden down all them that err from thy statutes: for their deceit is falsehood.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Thou hast set at nought all them that wander from thy statutes; for their deceit is falsehood.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Thou hast made light of all who stray from thy statutes, for their fraud is, falsehood.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Thou hast trodden down All going astray from Thy statutes, For falsehood [is] their deceit.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Thou hast despised all them that fall off from thy judgments; for their thought is unjust.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Thou hast troden downe all them that erre from thy Statutes: for their deceit is falshood.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— Thou hast brought to nought all that depart from thine ordinances; for their inward thought is unrighteous.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Thou hast trodden down all them that err from thy statutes: for their deceit [is] falsehood.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Thou hast trodden down 5541
{5541} Prime
A primitive root; to hang up, that is, weigh, or (figuratively) contemn.
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
all x3605
(3605) Complement
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
them that err 7686
{7686} Prime
A primitive root; to stray (causatively mislead), usually (figuratively) to mistake, especially (morally) to transgress; by extension (through the idea of intoxication) to reel, (figuratively) be enraptured.
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
from thy statutes: 2706
{2706} Prime
From H2710; an enactment; hence an appointment (of time, space, quantity, labor or usage).
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
for x3588
(3588) Complement
A primitive particle (the full form of the prepositional prefix) indicating causal relations of all kinds, antecedent or consequent; (by implication) very widely used as a relative conjugation or adverb; often largely modified by other particles annexed.
their deceit 8649
{8649} Prime
From H7411; fraud.
[is] falsehood. 8267
{8267} Prime
From H8266; an untruth; by implication a sham (often adverbially).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 119:118-120

_ _ But the disobedient and rebellious will be visited by God’s wrath, which impresses the pious with wholesome fear and awe.

_ _ their deceit is falsehood — that is, all their cunning deceit, wherewith they seek to entrap the godly, is in vain.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 119:118-120

_ _ Here is, I. God's judgment on wicked people, on those that wander from his statutes, that take their measures from other rules and will not have God to reign over them. All departure from God's statutes is certainly an error, and will prove a fatal one. These are the wicked of the earth; they mind earthly things, lay up their treasures in the earth, live in pleasure on the earth, and are strangers and enemies to heaven and heavenly things. Now see how God deals with them, that you may neither fear them nor envy them. 1. He treads them all down. He brings them to ruin, to utter ruin, to shameful ruin; he makes them his footstool. Though they are ever so high, he can bring them low (Amos 2:9); he has done it many a time, and he will do it, for he resists the proud and will triumph over those that oppose his kingdom. Proud persecutors trample upon his people, but, sooner or later, he will trample upon them. 2. He puts them all away like dross. Wicked people are as dross, which, though it be mingled with the good metal in the ore, and seems to be of the same substance with it, must be separated from it. And in God's account they are worthless things, the scum and refuse of the earth, and no more to be compared with the righteous than dross with fine gold. There is a day coming which will put them away from among the righteous (Matthew 13:49), so that they shall have no place in their congregation (Psalms 1:5), which will put them away into everlasting fire, the fittest place for the dross. Sometimes, in this world, the wicked are, by the censures of the church, or the sword of the magistrate, or the judgments of God, put away as dross, Proverbs 25:4, Proverbs 25:5.

_ _ II. The reasons of these judgments. God casts them off because they err from his statutes (those that will not submit to the commands of the word shall feel the curses of it) and because their deceit is falsehood, that is, because they deceive themselves by setting up false rules, in opposition to God's statutes, which they err from, and because they go about to deceive others with their hypocritical pretences of good and their crafty projects of mischief. Their cunning is falsehood, so Dr. Hammond. The utmost of their policy is treachery and perfidiousness; this the God of truth hates and will punish.

_ _ III. The improvement David made of these judgments. He took notice of them and received instruction from them. The ruin of the wicked helped to increase, 1. His love to the word of God. “I see what comes of sin; therefore I love thy testimonies, which warn me to take heed of those dangerous courses and keep me from the paths of the destroyer.” We see the word of Go fulfilled in his judgments on sin and sinners, and therefore we should love it. 2. His fear of the wrath of God: My flesh trembles for fear of thee. Instead of insulting over those who fell under God's displeasure, he humbled himself. What we read and hear of the judgments of God upon wicked people would make us, (1.) To reverence his terrible majesty, and to stand in awe of him: Who is able to stand before this holy Lord God? 1 Samuel 6:20. (2.) To fear lest we offend him and become obnoxious to his wrath. Good men have need to be restrained from sin by the terrors of the Lord, especially when judgment begins at the house of God and hypocrites are discovered and put away as dross.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 119:118

Deceit — Their deceitful devices, shall bring that destruction upon themselves which they design for others.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 119:118

Thou hast trodden down all them that err from thy statutes: for their (d) deceit [is] falsehood.

(d) The crafty practises of them who contemn your law will be brought to nothing.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance

Isaiah 25:10 For in this mountain shall the hand of the LORD rest, and Moab shall be trodden down under him, even as straw is trodden down for the dunghill.
Isaiah 63:3 I have trodden the winepress alone; and of the people [there was] none with me: for I will tread them in mine anger, and trample them in my fury; and their blood shall be sprinkled upon my garments, and I will stain all my raiment.
Malachi 4:3 And ye shall tread down the wicked; for they shall be ashes under the soles of your feet in the day that I shall do [this], saith the LORD of hosts.
Luke 21:24 And they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations: and Jerusalem shall be trodden down of the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles be fulfilled.
Revelation 14:20 And the winepress was trodden without the city, and blood came out of the winepress, even unto the horse bridles, by the space of a thousand [and] six hundred furlongs.


Psalms 119:10 With my whole heart have I sought thee: O let me not wander from thy commandments.
Psalms 119:21 Thou hast rebuked the proud [that are] cursed, which do err from thy commandments.
Psalms 95:10 Forty years long was I grieved with [this] generation, and said, It [is] a people that do err in their heart, and they have not known my ways:

their deceit:

Psalms 119:29 Remove from me the way of lying: and grant me thy law graciously.
Psalms 78:36-37 Nevertheless they did flatter him with their mouth, and they lied unto him with their tongues. ... For their heart was not right with him, neither were they stedfast in his covenant.
Psalms 78:57 But turned back, and dealt unfaithfully like their fathers: they were turned aside like a deceitful bow.
Isaiah 44:20 He feedeth on ashes: a deceived heart hath turned him aside, that he cannot deliver his soul, nor say, [Is there] not a lie in my right hand?
Ephesians 4:22 That ye put off concerning the former conversation the old man, which is corrupt according to the deceitful lusts;
Ephesians 5:6 Let no man deceive you with vain words: for because of these things cometh the wrath of God upon the children of disobedience.
2 Thessalonians 2:9-11 [Even him], whose coming is after the working of Satan with all power and signs and lying wonders, ... And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie:
2 Timothy 3:13 But evil men and seducers shall wax worse and worse, deceiving, and being deceived.
1 John 2:21 I have not written unto you because ye know not the truth, but because ye know it, and that no lie is of the truth.
Revelation 18:23 And the light of a candle shall shine no more at all in thee; and the voice of the bridegroom and of the bride shall be heard no more at all in thee: for thy merchants were the great men of the earth; for by thy sorceries were all nations deceived.
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Ps 78:36, 57; 95:10; 119:10, 21, 29. Is 25:10; 44:20; 63:3. Mal 4:3. Lk 21:24. Ep 4:22; 5:6. 2Th 2:9. 2Ti 3:13. 1Jn 2:21. Rv 14:20; 18:23.

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