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Psalms 118:22 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The stone which the builders rejected Is become the head of the corner.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The stone [which] the builders refused is become the head [stone] of the corner.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The stone which the builders rejected Has become the chief corner [stone].
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The stone [which] the builders refused is become the head [stone] of the corner.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— [The] stone which the builders rejected hath become the head of the corner:
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— A stone the builders refused, hath become the head of the corner:
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— A stone the builders refused Hath become head of a corner.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The stone which the builders rejected; the same is become the head of the corner.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The stone [which] the builders refused: is become the head [stone] of the corner.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— The stone [which] the builders refused is become the head [stone] of the corner.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
The stone 68
{0068} Prime
אֶבֶן
'eben
{eh'-ben}
From the root of H1129 through the meaning, to build; a stone.
[which] the builders 1129
{1129} Prime
בָּנָה
banah
{baw-naw'}
A primitive root; to build (literally and figuratively).
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
refused 3988
{3988} Prime
מָאַס
ma'ac
{maw-as'}
A primitive root; to spurn; also (intransitively) to disappear.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
is become x1961
(1961) Complement
הָיָה
hayah
{haw-yaw'}
A primitive root (compare H1933); to exist, that is, be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary).
the head 7218
{7218} Prime
רֹאשׁ
ro'sh
{roshe}
From an unused root apparently meaning to shake; the head (as most easily shaken), whether literally or figuratively (in many applications, of place, time, rank, etc.).
[stone] of the corner. 6438
{6438} Prime
פִּנָּה
pinnah
{pin-naw'}
Feminine of H6434; an angle; by implication a pinnacle; figuratively a chieftain.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 118:22-23

_ _ These words are applied by Christ (Matthew 21:42) to Himself, as the foundation of the Church (compare Acts 4:11; Ephesians 2:20; 1 Peter 2:4, 1 Peter 2:7). It may here denote God’s wondrous exaltation to power and influence of him whom the rulers of the nation despised. Whether (see on Psalms 118:1) David or Zerubbabel (compare Haggai 2:2; Zechariah 4:7-10) be primarily meant, there is here typically represented God’s more wonderful doings in exalting Christ, crucified as an impostor, to be the Prince and Savior and Head of His Church.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 118:19-29.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 118:22

The builders — The commonwealth of Israel and the church of God are here and elsewhere compared to a building, wherein, as the people are the stones, so the princes and rulers are the builders. And as these master — builders rejected David, so their successors rejected Christ. Head stone — The chief stone in the whole building, by which the several parts of the building are upheld and firmly united together. Thus David united all the tribes and families of Israel: and thus Christ united Jews and Gentiles together. And therefore this place is justly expounded of Christ, Mark 12:10; Acts 4:11; Romans 9:32; Ephesians 2:20. And to him the words agree more properly than to David.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 118:22

The stone [which] the builders (k) refused is become the head [stone] of the corner.

(k) Though Saul and the chief powers refused me to be king, yet God has preferred me above them all.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
The stone:

Matthew 21:42 Jesus saith unto them, Did ye never read in the scriptures, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner: this is the Lord's doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes?
Mark 12:10-11 And have ye not read this scripture; The stone which the builders rejected is become the head of the corner: ... This was the Lord's doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes?
Luke 20:17 And he beheld them, and said, What is this then that is written, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner?
Acts 4:11 This is the stone which was set at nought of you builders, which is become the head of the corner.
Ephesians 2:20-22 And are built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Jesus Christ himself being the chief corner [stone]; ... In whom ye also are builded together for an habitation of God through the Spirit.
1 Peter 2:4-8 To whom coming, [as unto] a living stone, disallowed indeed of men, but chosen of God, [and] precious, ... And a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, [even to them] which stumble at the word, being disobedient: whereunto also they were appointed.

the head:

Zechariah 4:7 Who [art] thou, O great mountain? before Zerubbabel [thou shalt become] a plain: and he shall bring forth the headstone [thereof with] shoutings, [crying], Grace, grace unto it.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Zc 4:7. Mt 21:42. Mk 12:10. Lk 20:17. Ac 4:11. Ep 2:20. 1P 2:4.

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