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Psalms 117:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— O praise Jehovah, all ye nations; Laud him, all ye peoples.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— O praise the LORD, all ye nations: praise him, all ye people.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Praise the LORD, all nations; Laud Him, all peoples!
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— O praise the LORD, all ye nations: praise him, all ye people.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Praise Jehovah, all ye nations; laud him, all ye peoples;
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Praise Yahweh, all ye nations, Laud him, all ye tribes of men;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Praise Jehovah, all ye nations, Glorify Him, all ye peoples.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— O Praise the Lord, all ye nations: praise him, all ye people.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— O praise the LORD, all ye nations: praise him all ye people.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [[Hallelujah{gr.Alleluia}.]] Praise the Lord, all ye nations: praise him, all ye peoples.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— O praise Yahweh, all ye nations: praise him, all ye people.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
O praise 1984
{1984} Prime
A primitive root; to be clear (originally of sound, but usually of color); to shine; hence to make a show; to boast; and thus to be (clamorously) foolish; to rave; causatively to celebrate; also to stultify.
<8761> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 446
(0853) Complement
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
all x3605
(3605) Complement
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
ye nations: 1471
{1471} Prime
Apparently from the same root as H1465 (in the sense of massing); a foreign nation; hence a Gentile; also (figuratively) a troop of animals, or a flight of locusts.
praise 7623
{7623} Prime
A primitive root; properly to address in a loud tone, that is, (specifically) loud; figuratively to pacify (as if by words).
<8761> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 446
him, all x3605
(3605) Complement
From H3634; properly the whole; hence all, any or every (in the singular only, but often in a plural sense).
ye people. 523
{0523} Prime
From the same as H0517; a collection, that is, community of persons.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 117:1

_ _ Psalms 117:1, Psalms 117:2. This may be regarded as a doxology, suitable to be appended to any Psalm of similar character, and prophetical of the prevalence of God’s grace in the world, in which aspect Paul quotes it (Romans 15:11; compare Psalms 47:2; Psalms 66:8).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 117:1-2

_ _ There is a great deal of gospel in this psalm. The apostle has furnished us with a key to it (Romans 15:11), where he quotes it as a proof that the gospel was to be preached to, and would be entertained by, the Gentile nations, which yet was so great a stumbling-block to the Jews. Why should that offend them when it is said, and they themselves had often sung it, Praise the Lord, all you Gentiles, and laud him, all you people. Some of the Jewish writers confess that this psalm refers to the kingdom of the Messiah; nay, one of them has a fancy that it consists of two verses to signify that in the days of the Messiah God should be glorified by two sorts of people, by the Jews, according to the law of Moses, and by the Gentiles, according to the seven precepts of the sons of Noah, which yet should make one church, as these two verses make one psalm. We have here,

_ _ I. The vast extent of the gospel church, Psalms 117:1. For many ages in Judah only was God known and his name praised. The sons of Levi and the seed of Israel praised him, but the rest of the nations praised gods of wood and stone (Daniel 5:4), while there was no devotion at all paid, at least none openly, that we know of, to the living and true God. But here all nations are called to praise the Lord, which could not be applied to the Old Testament times, both because this call was not then given to any of the Gentile nations, much less to all, in a language they understood, and because, unless the people of the land became Jews and were circumcised, they were not admitted to praise God with them. But the gospel of Christ is ordered to be preached to all nations, and by him the partition-wall is taken down, and those that were afar off are made nigh. This was the mystery which was hidden in prophecy for many ages, but was at length revealed in the accomplishment, That the Gentiles should be fellow-heirs, Ephesians 3:3, Ephesians 3:6. Observe here, 1. Who should be admitted into the church — all nations and all people. The original words are the same that are used for the heathen that rage and the people that imagine against Christ (Psalms 2:1); those that had been enemies to his kingdom should become his willing subjects. The gospel of the kingdom was to be preached to all the world, for a witness to all nations, Matthew 24:14; Mark 16:15. All nations shall be called, and to some of all nations the call shall be effectual, and they shall be discipled. 2. How their admission into the church is foretold — by a repeated call to praise him. The tidings of the gospel, being sent to all nations, should give them cause to praise God; the institution of gospel-ordinances would give them leave and opportunity to praise God; and the power of gospel-grace would give them hearts to praise him. Those are highly favoured whom God invites by his word and inclines by his Spirit to praise him, and so makes to be to him for a name and a praise, Jeremiah 13:11. See Revelation 7:9, Revelation 7:10.

_ _ II. The unsearchable riches of gospel-grace, which are to be the matter or our praise, Psalms 117:2. In the gospel, those celebrated attributes of God, his mercy and his truth, shine most brightly in themselves and most comfortably to us; and the apostle, where he quotes this psalm, takes notice of these as the two great things for which the Gentiles should glorify God (Romans 15:8, Romans 15:9), for the truth of God and for his mercy. We that enjoy the gospel have reason to praise the Lord, 1. For the power of his mercy: His merciful kindness is great towards us; it is strong (so the word signifies); it is mighty for the pardon of mighty sins (Amos 5:12) and for the working out of a mighty salvation. 2. For the perpetuity of his truth: The truth of the Lord endures for ever. It was mercy, mere mercy, to the Gentiles, that the gospel was sent among them. It was merciful kindness prevailing towards them above their deserts; and in it the truth of the Lord, of his promise made unto the fathers, endures for ever; for, though the Jews were hardened and expelled, yet the promise took its effect in the believing Gentiles, the spiritual seed of Abraham. God's mercy is the fountain of all our comforts and his truth the foundation of all our hopes, and therefore for both we must praise the Lord.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
(Title), This Psalm, the shortest in the whole collection, is written as a part of the preceding in thirty-two manuscripts. It celebrates the deliverance from the Babylonian captivity, the grand type of the redemption of the world by the Messiah.

O praise:

Psalms 66:1 [[To the chief Musician, A Song [or] Psalm.]] Make a joyful noise unto God, all ye lands:
Psalms 66:4 All the earth shall worship thee, and shall sing unto thee; they shall sing [to] thy name. Selah.
Psalms 67:3 Let the people praise thee, O God; let all the people praise thee.
Psalms 86:9 All nations whom thou hast made shall come and worship before thee, O Lord; and shall glorify thy name.
Isaiah 24:15-16 Wherefore glorify ye the LORD in the fires, [even] the name of the LORD God of Israel in the isles of the sea. ... From the uttermost part of the earth have we heard songs, [even] glory to the righteous. But I said, My leanness, my leanness, woe unto me! the treacherous dealers have dealt treacherously; yea, the treacherous dealers have dealt very treacherously.
Isaiah 42:10-12 Sing unto the LORD a new song, [and] his praise from the end of the earth, ye that go down to the sea, and all that is therein; the isles, and the inhabitants thereof. ... Let them give glory unto the LORD, and declare his praise in the islands.
Romans 15:11 And again, Praise the Lord, all ye Gentiles; and laud him, all ye people.
Revelation 15:4 Who shall not fear thee, O Lord, and glorify thy name? for [thou] only [art] holy: for all nations shall come and worship before thee; for thy judgments are made manifest.

praise him:

Psalms 148:11-14 Kings of the earth, and all people; princes, and all judges of the earth: ... He also exalteth the horn of his people, the praise of all his saints; [even] of the children of Israel, a people near unto him. Praise ye the LORD.
Psalms 150:6 Let every thing that hath breath praise the LORD. Praise ye the LORD.
Revelation 5:9 And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation;
Revelation 7:9-10 After this I beheld, and, lo, a great multitude, which no man could number, of all nations, and kindreds, and people, and tongues, stood before the throne, and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, and palms in their hands; ... And cried with a loud voice, saying, Salvation to our God which sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb.
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Ps 66:1, 4; 67:3; 86:9; 148:11; 150:6. Is 24:15; 42:10. Ro 15:11. Rv 5:9; 7:9; 15:4.

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