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Psalms 114:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— When Israel went forth out of Egypt, The house of Jacob from a people of strange language;
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— When Israel went out of Egypt, the house of Jacob from a people of strange language;
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— When Israel went forth from Egypt, The house of Jacob from a people of strange language,
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— When Israel went out of Egypt, the house of Jacob from a people of a foreign language;
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— When Israel went out of Egypt, the house of Jacob from a people of strange language,
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— When Israel came forth out of Egypt, The house of Jacob from among a people of strange tongue,
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— In the going out of Israel from Egypt, The house of Jacob from a strange people,
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— When Israel went out of Egypt, the house of Jacob from a barbarous people:
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— When Israel went out of Egypt, the house of Iacob from a people of strange language:
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [[Hallelujah{gr.Alleluia}.]] At the going forth of Israel from Mizraim{gr.Egypt}, of the house of Jacob from a barbarous people,
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— When Yisrael went out of Mitzrayim, the house of Yaaqov from a people of strange language;

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
When Yi$rl יִשׂרָאֵל 3478
{3478} Prime
From H8280 and H0410; he will rule as God; Jisrael, a symbolical name of Jacob; also (typically) of his posterity.
went out 3318
{3318} Prime
A primitive root; to go (causatively bring) out, in a great variety of applications, literally and figuratively, direct and proximate.
<8800> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Infinitive (See H8812)
Count - 4888
of Mixrayim מִצרַיִם, 4714
{4714} Prime
Dual of H4693; Mitsrajim, that is, Upper and Lower Egypt.
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
the house 1004
{1004} Prime
Probably from H1129 abbreviated; a house (in the greatest variation of applications, especially family, etc.).
of Ya`kv יַעֲקֹב 3290
{3290} Prime
From H6117; heel catcher (that is, supplanter); Jaakob, the Israelitish patriarch.
from a people 5971
{5971} Prime
From H6004; a people (as a congregated unit); specifically a tribe (as those of Israel); hence (collectively) troops or attendants; figuratively a flock.
(4480) Complement
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
of strange language; 3937
{3937} Prime
A primitive root; to speak in a foreign tongue.
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 114:1-4

_ _ Psalms 114:1-8. The writer briefly and beautifully celebrates God’s former care of His people, to whose benefit nature was miraculously made to contribute.

_ _ of strange language — (compare Psalms 81:5).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 114:1-8

_ _ The psalmist is here remembering the days of old, the years of the right hand of the Most High, and the wonders which their fathers told them of (Judges 6:13), for time, as it does not wear out the guilt of sin, so it should not wear out the sense of mercy. Let it never be forgotten,

_ _ I. That God brought Israel out of the house of bondage with a high hand and a stretched-out arm: Israel went out of Egypt, Psalms 114:1. They did not steal out clandestinely, nor were they driven out, but fairly went out, marched out with all the marks of honour; they went out from a barbarous people, that had used them barbarously, from a people of a strange language, Psalms 81:5. The Israelites, it seems, preserved their own language pure among them, and cared not for learning the language of their oppressors. By this distinction from them they kept up an earnest of their deliverance.

_ _ II. That he himself framed their civil and sacred constitution (Psalms 114:2): Judah and Israel were his sanctuary, his dominion. When he delivered them out of the hand of their oppressors it was that they might serve him both in holiness and in righteousness, in the duties of religious worship and in obedience to the moral law, in their whole conversation. Let my people go, that they may serve me. In order to this, 1. He set up his sanctuary among them, in which he gave them the special tokens of his presence with them and promised to receive their homage and tribute. Happy are the people that have God's sanctuary among them (see Exodus 25:8, Ezekiel 37:26), much more those that, like Judah here, are his sanctuaries, his living temples, on whom Holiness to the Lord is written. 2. He set up his dominion among them, was himself their lawgiver and their judge, and their government was a theocracy: The Lord was their King. All the world is God's dominion, but Israel was so in a peculiar manner. What is God's sanctuary must be his dominion. Those only have the privileges of his house that submit to the laws of it; and for this end Christ has redeemed us that he might bring us into God's service and engage us for ever in it.

_ _ III. That the Red Sea was divided before them at their coming out of Egypt, both for their rescue and the ruin of their enemies; and the river Jordan, when they entered into Canaan, for their honour, and the confusion and terror of their enemies (Psalms 114:3): The sea saw it, saw there that Judah was God's sanctuary, and Israel his dominion, and therefore fled; for nothing could be more awful. It was this that drove Jordan back, and was an invincible dam to his streams; God was at the head of that people, and therefore they must give way to them, must make room for them, they must retire, contrary to their nature, when God speaks the word. To illustrate this the psalmist asks, in a poetical strain (Psalms 114:5), What ailed thee, O thou sea! that thou fleddest? And furnishes the sea with an answer (Psalms 114:7); it was at the presence of the Lord. This is designed to express, 1. The reality of the miracle, that it was not by any power of nature, or from any natural cause, but it was at the presence of the Lord, who gave the word. 2. The mercy of the miracle: What ailed thee? Was it in a frolic? Was it only to amuse men? No; it was at the presence of the God of Jacob; it was in kindness to the Israel of God, for the salvation of that chosen people, that God was thus displeased against the rivers, and his wrath was against the sea, as the prophet speaks, Habakkuk 3:8-13; Isaiah 51:10; Isaiah 63:11, etc. 3. The wonder and surprise of the miracle. Who would have thought of such a thing? Shall the course of nature be changed, and its fundamental laws dispensed with, to serve a turn for God's Israel? Well may the dukes of Edom be amazed and the mighty men of Moab tremble, Exodus 15:15. 4. The honour hereby put upon Israel, who are taught to triumph over the sea, and Jordan, as unable to stand before them. Note, There is no sea, no Jordan, so deep, so broad, but, when God's time shall come for the redemption of his people, it shall be divided and driven back if it stand in their way. Apply this, (1.) To the planting of the Christian church in the world. What ailed Satan and the powers of darkness, that they trembled and truckled as they did? Mark 1:34. What ailed the heathen oracles, that they were silenced, struck dumb, struck dead? What ailed their idolatries and witchcrafts, that they died away before the gospel, and melted like snow before the sun? What ailed the persecutors and opposers of the gospel, that they gave up their cause, hid their guilty heads, and called to rocks and mountains for shelter? Revelation 6:15. It was at the presence of the Lord, and that power which went along with the gospel. (2.) To the work of grace in the heart. What turns the stream in a regenerate soul? What ails the lusts and corruptions, that they fly back, that the prejudices are removed and the whole man has become new? It is at the presence of God's Spirit that imaginations are cast down, 2 Corinthians 10:5.

_ _ IV. That the earth shook and trembled when God came down on Mount Sinai to give the law (Psalms 114:4): The mountains skipped like rams, and then the little hills might well be excused if they skipped like lambs, either when they are frightened or when they sport themselves. The same power that fixed the fluid waters and made them stand still shook the stable mountains and made them tremble for all the powers of nature are under the check of the God of nature. Mountains and hills are, before God, but like rams and lambs; even the bulkiest and the most rocky are as manageable by him as they are by the shepherd. The trembling of the mountains before the Lord may shame the stupidity and obduracy of the children of men, who are not moved at the discoveries of his glory. The psalmist asks the mountains and hills what ailed them to skip thus; and he answers for them, as for the seas, it was at the presence of the Lord, before whom, not only those mountains, but the earth itself, may well tremble (Psalms 114:7), since it has lain under a curse for man's sin. See Psalms 104:32; Isaiah 64:3, Isaiah 64:4. He that made the hills and mountains to skip thus can, when he pleases, dissipate the strength and spirit of the proudest of his enemies and make them tremble.

_ _ V. That God supplied them with water out of the rock, which followed them through the dry and sandy deserts. Well may the earth and all its inhabitants tremble before that God who turned the rock into a standing water (Psalms 114:8), and what cannot he do who did that? The same almighty power that turned waters into a rock to be a wall to Israel (Exodus 14:22) turned the rock into waters to be a well to Israel: as they were protected, so they were provided for, by miracles, standing miracles; for such was the standing water, that fountain of waters into which the rock, the flinty rock, was turned, and that rock was Christ, 1 Corinthians 10:4. For he is a fountain of living waters to his Israel, from whom they receive grace for grace.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 114:1

When Israel went out of Egypt, the house of Jacob from a people of (a) strange language;

(a) Or, barbarous.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
(Title), This short, and apparently imperfect Psalm, for elegance and sublimity, yields to few in the whole book. The composition of it is inexpressibly beautiful, and in the highest style of poetry.


Exodus 12:41-42 And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt. ... It [is] a night to be much observed unto the LORD for bringing them out from the land of Egypt: this [is] that night of the LORD to be observed of all the children of Israel in their generations.
Exodus 13:3 And Moses said unto the people, Remember this day, in which ye came out from Egypt, out of the house of bondage; for by strength of hand the LORD brought you out from this [place]: there shall no leavened bread be eaten.
Exodus 20:2 I [am] the LORD thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.
Deuteronomy 16:1 Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover unto the LORD thy God: for in the month of Abib the LORD thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by night.
Deuteronomy 26:8 And the LORD brought us forth out of Egypt with a mighty hand, and with an outstretched arm, and with great terribleness, and with signs, and with wonders:
Isaiah 11:16 And there shall be an highway for the remnant of his people, which shall be left, from Assyria; like as it was to Israel in the day that he came up out of the land of Egypt.

a people:

Psalms 81:5 This he ordained in Joseph [for] a testimony, when he went out through the land of Egypt: [where] I heard a language [that] I understood not.
Genesis 42:23 And they knew not that Joseph understood [them]; for he spake unto them by an interpreter.
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Gn 42:23. Ex 12:41; 13:3; 20:2. Dt 16:1; 26:8. Ps 81:5. Is 11:16.

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