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Psalms 112:1 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Praise ye Jehovah. Blessed is the man that feareth Jehovah, That delighteth greatly in his commandments.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— Praise ye the LORD. Blessed [is] the man [that] feareth the LORD, [that] delighteth greatly in his commandments.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— Praise the LORD! How blessed is the man who fears the LORD, Who greatly delights in His commandments.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— Praise ye the LORD. Blessed [is] the man [that] feareth the LORD, [that] delighteth greatly in his commandments.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Hallelujah! Blessed is the man that feareth Jehovah, that delighteth greatly in his commandments.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Praise ye Yah! How happy is the man who revereth Yahweh, In his commandments, delighteth he greatly;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Praise ye Jah! O the happiness of one fearing Jehovah, In His commands he hath delighted greatly.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— Blessed is the man that feareth the Lord: he shall delight exceedingly in his commandments.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— Praise ye the Lord. Blessed [is] the man [that] feareth the LORD, that delighteth greatly in his Commaundements.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— [[Hallelujah{gr.Alleluia}.]] Blessed is the man that fears the Lord: he will delight greatly in his commandments.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Praise ye Yah. Blessed [is] the man [that] feareth Yahweh, [that] delighteth greatly in his commandments.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Praise 1984
{1984} Prime
הָלַל
halal
{haw-lal'}
A primitive root; to be clear (originally of sound, but usually of color); to shine; hence to make a show; to boast; and thus to be (clamorously) foolish; to rave; causatively to celebrate; also to stultify.
z8761
<8761> Grammar
Stem - Piel (See H8840)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 446
ye Yh יָה. 3050
{3050} Prime
יָהּ
Yahh
{yaw}
Contracted for H3068, and meaning the same; Jah, the sacred name.
Blessed 835
{0835} Prime
אֶשֶׁר
'esher
{eh'-sher}
From H0833; happiness; only in masculine plural construction as interjection, how happy!.
[is] the man 376
{0376} Prime
אִישׁ
'iysh
{eesh}
Contracted for H0582 (or perhaps rather from an unused root meaning to be extant); a man as an individual or a male person; often used as an adjunct to a more definite term (and in such cases frequently not expressed in translation.).
[that] feareth 3372
{3372} Prime
יָרֵא
yare'
{yaw-ray'}
A primitive root; to fear; morally to revere; causatively to frighten.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
x853
(0853) Complement
אֵת
'eth
{ayth}
Apparently contracted from H0226 in the demonstrative sense of entity; properly self (but generally used to point out more definitely the object of a verb or preposition, even or namely).
Yhw יָהוֶה, 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
[that] delighteth 2654
{2654} Prime
חָפֵץ
chaphets
{khaw-fates'}
A primitive root; properly to incline to; by implication (literally but rarely) to bend; figuratively to be pleased with, desire.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
greatly 3966
{3966} Prime
מְאֹד
m@`od
{meh-ode'}
From the same as H0181; properly vehemence, that is, (with or without preposition) vehemently; by implication wholly, speedily, etc. (often with other words as an intensive or superlative; especially when repeated).
in his commandments. 4687
{4687} Prime
מִצְוָה
mitsvah
{mits-vaw'}
From H6680; a command, whether human or divine (collectively the Law).
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 112:1

_ _ Psalms 112:1-10. This Psalm may be regarded as an exposition of Psalms 111:10, presenting the happiness of those who fear and obey God, and contrasting the fate of the ungodly.

_ _ True fear produces obedience and this happiness.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 112:1-5

_ _ The psalmist begins with a call to us to praise God, but immediately applies himself to praise the people of God; for whatever glory is acknowledged to be on them it comes from God, and must return to him; as he is their praise, so they are his. We have reason to praise the Lord that there are a people in the world who fear him and serve him, and that they are a happy people, both which are owing entirely to the grace of God. Now here we have,

_ _ I. A description of those who are here pronounced blessed, and to whom these promises are made.

_ _ 1. They are well-principled with pious and devout affections. Those have the privileges of God's subjects, not who cry, Lord, Lord, but who are indeed well affected to his government. (1.) They are such as stand in awe of God and have a constant reverence for his majesty and deference to his will. The happy man is he that fears the Lord, Psalms 112:1. (2.) They are such as take a pleasure in their duty. He that fears the Lord, as a Father, with the disposition of a child, not of a slave, delights greatly in his commandments, is well pleased with them and with the equity and goodness of them; they are written in his heart; it is his choice to be under them, and he calls them an easy, a pleasant, yoke; it is his delight to be searching into and conversing with God's commandments, by reading, hearing, and meditation, Psalms 1:2. He delights not only in God's promises, but in his precepts, and thinks himself happy under God's government as well as in his favour. It is a pleasure to him to be found in the way of his duty, and he is in his element when he is in the service of God. Herein he delights greatly, more than in any of the employments and enjoyments of this world. And what he does in religion is done from principle, because he sees amiableness in religion and advantage by it.

_ _ 2. They are honest and sincere in their professions and intentions. They are called the upright (Psalms 112:2, Psalms 112:4), who are really as good as they seem to be, and deal faithfully both with God and man. There is no true religion without sincerity; that is gospel-perfection.

_ _ 3. They are both just and kind in all their dealings: He is gracious, full of compassion, and righteous (Psalms 112:4), dares not do any wrong to any man, but does to every man all the good he can, and that from a principle of compassion and kindness. It was said of God, in the foregoing psalm (Psalms 112:4), He is gracious, and full of compassion; and here it is said of the good man that he is so; for herein we must be followers of God as dear children; be merciful as he is. He is full of compassion, and yet righteous; what he does good with is what he came honestly by. God hates robbery for burnt-offerings, and so does he. One instance is given of his beneficence (Psalms 112:5): He shows favour and lends. Sometimes there is as much charity in lending as in giving, as it obliges the borrower both to industry and honesty. He is gracious and lends (Psalms 37:26); he does it from a right principle, not as the usurer lends for his own advantage, nor merely out of generosity, but out of pure charity; he does it in a right manner, not grudgingly, but pleasantly, and with a cheerful countenance.

_ _ II. The blessedness that is here entailed upon those that answer to these characters. Happiness, all happiness, to the man that feareth the Lord. Whatever men think or say of them, God says that they are blessed; and his saying so makes them so.

_ _ 1. The posterity of good men shall fare the better for his goodness (Psalms 112:2): His seed shall be mighty on earth. Perhaps he himself shall not be so great in the world, nor make such a figure, as his seed after him shall for his sake. Religion has been the raising of many a family, if not so as to advance it high, yet so as to fix it firmly. When good men themselves are happy in heaven their seed perhaps are considerable on earth, and will themselves own that it is by virtue of a blessing descending from them. The generation of the upright shall be blessed; if they tread in their steps, they shall be the more blessed for their relation to them, beloved for the Father's sake (Romans 11:28), for so runs the covenant — I will be a God to thee, and to thy seed; while the seed of evil-doers shall never be renowned. Let the children of godly parents value themselves upon it, and take heed of doing any thing to forfeit the blessing entailed upon the generation of the upright.

_ _ 2. They shall prosper in the world, and especially their souls shall prosper, Psalms 112:3. (1.) They shall be blessed with outward prosperity as far as is good for them: Wealth and riches shall be in the upright man's house, not in his heart (for he is none of those in whom the love of money reigns), perhaps not so much in his hand (for he only begins to raise the estate), but in his house; his family shall grow rich when he is gone. But, (2.) That which is much better is that they shall be blessed with spiritual blessings, which are the true riches. His wealth shall be in his house, for he must leave that to others; but his righteousness he himself shall have the comfort of to himself, it endures for ever. Grace is better than gold, for it will outlast it. He shall have wealth and riches, and yet shall keep up his religion, and in a prosperous condition shall still hold fast his integrity, which many, who kept it in the storm, throw off and let go in the sunshine. Then worldly prosperity is a blessing when it does not make men cool in their piety, but they still persevere in that; and when this endures in the family, and goes along with the wealth and riches, and the heirs of the father's estate inherit his virtues too, that is a happy family indeed. However, the good man's righteousness endures for ever in the crown of righteousness which fades not away.

_ _ 3. They shall have comfort in affliction (Psalms 112:4): Unto the upright there arises light in the darkness. It is here implied that good men may be in affliction; the promise does not exempt them from that. They shall have their share in the common calamities of human life; but, when they sit in darkness, the Lord shall be a light to them, Micah 7:8. They shall be supported and comforted under their troubles; their spirits shall be lightsome when their outward condition is clouded. Sat lucis intusThere is light enough within. During the Egyptian darkness the Israelites had light in their dwellings. They shall be in due time, and perhaps when they least expect it, delivered out of their troubles; when the night is darkest the day dawns; nay, at evening-time, when night was looked for, it shall be light.

_ _ 4. They shall have wisdom for the management of all their concerns, Psalms 112:5. He that does good with his estate shall, through the providence of God, increase it, not by miracle, but by his prudence: He shall guide his affairs with discretion, and his God instructs him to discretion and teaches him, Isaiah 28:26. It is part of the character of a good man that he will use his discretion in managing his affairs, in getting and saving, that he may have to give. It may be understood of the affairs of his charity: He shows favour and lends; but then it is with discretion, that his charity may not be misplaced, that he may give to proper objects what is proper to be given and in due time and proportion. And it is part of the promise to him who thus uses discretion that God will give him more. Those who most use their wisdom see most of their need of it, and ask it of God, who has promised to give it liberally, James 1:5. He will guide his words with judgment (so it is in the original); and there is nothing in which we have more occasion for wisdom than in the government of the tongue; blessed is he to whom God gives that wisdom.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

[[no comment]]

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 112:1

Praise ye the LORD. Blessed [is] the man [that] (a) feareth the LORD, [that] delighteth greatly in his commandments.

(a) He means that reverent fear which is in the children of God, which causes them to delight only in the word of God.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
Praise ye the LORD[YaH]:
Heb. Hallelujah,
Psalms 111:1 Praise ye the LORD. I will praise the LORD with [my] whole heart, in the assembly of the upright, and [in] the congregation.
Psalms 147:1 Praise ye the LORD: for [it is] good to sing praises unto our God; for [it is] pleasant; [and] praise is comely.
Psalms 148:11-14 Kings of the earth, and all people; princes, and all judges of the earth: ... He also exalteth the horn of his people, the praise of all his saints; [even] of the children of Israel, a people near unto him. Praise ye the LORD.
Psalms 150:1 Praise ye the LORD. Praise God in his sanctuary: praise him in the firmament of his power.
; This is another of the alphabetical Psalms, being formed exactly as the preceding in the division of its verses; and, like it, was probably composed for the use of the Jews, after their return from captivity.

Blessed:

Psalms 111:10 The fear of the LORD [is] the beginning of wisdom: a good understanding have all they that do [his commandments]: his praise endureth for ever.
Psalms 115:7-13 They have hands, but they handle not: feet have they, but they walk not: neither speak they through their throat. ... He will bless them that fear the LORD, [both] small and great.
Psalms 128:1 [[A Song of degrees.]] Blessed [is] every one that feareth the LORD; that walketh in his ways.
Psalms 145:19 He will fulfil the desire of them that fear him: he also will hear their cry, and will save them.
Isaiah 50:10 Who [is] among you that feareth the LORD, that obeyeth the voice of his servant, that walketh [in] darkness, and hath no light? let him trust in the name of the LORD, and stay upon his God.
Luke 1:50 And his mercy [is] on them that fear him from generation to generation.

delighteth:

Psalms 1:1-2 Blessed [is] the man that walketh not in the counsel of the ungodly, nor standeth in the way of sinners, nor sitteth in the seat of the scornful. ... But his delight [is] in the law of the LORD; and in his law doth he meditate day and night.
Psalms 40:8 I delight to do thy will, O my God: yea, thy law [is] within my heart.
Psalms 119:16 I will delight myself in thy statutes: I will not forget thy word.
Psalms 119:35 Make me to go in the path of thy commandments; for therein do I delight.
Psalms 119:47-48 And I will delight myself in thy commandments, which I have loved. ... My hands also will I lift up unto thy commandments, which I have loved; and I will meditate in thy statutes.
Psalms 119:70-72 Their heart is as fat as grease; [but] I delight in thy law. ... The law of thy mouth [is] better unto me than thousands of gold and silver.
Psalms 119:97 MEM. O how love I thy law! it [is] my meditation all the day.
Psalms 119:143 Trouble and anguish have taken hold on me: [yet] thy commandments [are] my delights.
Romans 7:22 For I delight in the law of God after the inward man:
Romans 8:6 For to be carnally minded [is] death; but to be spiritually minded [is] life and peace.
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