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Psalms 110:5 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— The Lord at thy right hand Will strike through kings in the day of his wrath.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The Lord at thy right hand shall strike through kings in the day of his wrath.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The Lord is at Your right hand; He will shatter kings in the day of His wrath.
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The Lord at thy right hand will strike through kings in the day of his wrath.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— The Lord at thy right hand will smite through kings in the day of his anger.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— My Lord, on thy right hand,—hath shattered—in the day of his anger—kings;
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The Lord on thy right hand smote kings In the day of His anger.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The Lord at thy right hand hath broken kings in the day of his wrath.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The Lord at thy right hand shall strike through kings in the day of his wrath.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The Lord at thy right hand has dashed in pieces kings in the day of his wrath.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Yahweh at thy right hand shall strike through kings in the day of his wrath.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Yhw יָהוֶה 136
{0136} Prime
אֲדֹנָי
'Adonay
{ad-o-noy'}
An emphatic form of H0113; the Lord (used as a proper name of God only).
at x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
thy right hand 3225
{3225} Prime
יָמִין
yamiyn
{yaw-meen'}
From H3231; the right hand or side (leg, eye) of a person or other object (as the stronger and more dexterous); locally, the south.
shall strike y4272
[4272] Standard
מחץ
machats
{maw-khats'}
A primitive root; to dash asunder; by implication to crush, smash or violently plunge; figuratively to subdue or destroy.
z8804
<8804> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 12562
through x4272
(4272) Complement
מחץ
machats
{maw-khats'}
A primitive root; to dash asunder; by implication to crush, smash or violently plunge; figuratively to subdue or destroy.
kings 4428
{4428} Prime
מֶּלֶךְ
melek
{meh'-lek}
From H4427; a king.
in the day 3117
{3117} Prime
יוֹם
yowm
{yome}
From an unused root meaning to be hot; a day (as the warm hours), whether literally (from sunrise to sunset, or from one sunset to the next), or figuratively (a space of time defined by an associated term), (often used adverbially).
of his wrath. 639
{0639} Prime
אַף
'aph
{af}
From H0599; properly the nose or nostril; hence the face, and occasionally a person; also (from the rapid breathing in passion) ire.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 110:5

_ _ at thy right hand — as Psalms 109:31, upholding and aiding, which is not inconsistent with Psalms 110:1, where the figure denotes participation of power, for here He is presented in another aspect, as a warrior going against enemies, and sustained by God.

_ _ strike through — smite or crush.

_ _ kings — not common men, but their rulers, and so all under them (Psalms 2:2, Psalms 2:10).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

Psalms 110:5-7

_ _ Here we have our great Redeemer,

_ _ I. Conquering his enemies (Psalms 110:5, Psalms 110:6) in order to the making of them his footstool, Psalms 110:1. Our Lord Jesus will certainly bring to nought all the opposition made to his kingdom, and bring to ruin all those who make that opposition and persist in it. He will be too hard for those, whoever they may be, that fight against him, against his subjects and the interest of his kingdom among men, either by persecutions or by perverse disputings. Observe here,

_ _ 1. The conqueror: The LordAdonai, the Lord Jesus, he to whom all judgment is committed, he shall make his own part good against his enemies. The Lord at thy right hand, O church! so some; that is, the Lord that is nigh unto his people, and a very present help to them, that is at their right hand, to strengthen and succour them, shall appear for them against his and their enemies. See Psalms 109:31. He shall stand at the right hand of the poor, Psalms 16:8. Some observe that when Christ is said to do his work at the right hand of his church it intimates that, if we would have Christ to appear for us, we must bestir ourselves, 2 Samuel 5:24. Or, rather, At thy right hand, O God! referring to 2 Samuel 5:1, in the dignity and dominion to which he is advanced. Note, Christ's sitting at the right hand of God speaks as much terror to his enemies as happiness to his people.

_ _ 2. The time fixed for this victory: In the day of his wrath, that is, the time appointed for it, when the measure of their iniquities is full and they are ripe for ruin. When the day of his patience has expired, when the day of his wrath comes. Note, (1.) Christ has wrath of his own, as well as grace. It concerns us to kiss the Son, for he can be angry (Psalms 2:12) and we read of the wrath of the Lamb, Revelation 6:16. (2.) There is a day of wrath set, a year of recompences for the controversy of Zion, the year of the redeemed. The time is set for the destruction of particular enemies, and when that time shall come it shall be done, how unlikely soever it may seem; but the great day of his wrath will be at the end of time, Revelation 6:17.

_ _ 3. The extent of this victory. (1.) It shall reach very high: He shall strike through kings. The greatest of men, that set themselves against Christ, shall be made to fall before him. Though they be kings of the earth, and rulers, accustomed to carry their point, they cannot carry it against Christ, they do but make themselves ridiculous by the attempt, Psalms 2:2-5. Be their power among men ever so despotic, Christ will call them to an account; be their strength ever so great, their policies ever so deep, Christ will be too hard for them, and wherein they deal proudly he will be above them. Satan is the prince of this world, Death the king of terrors, and we read of kings that make war with the Lamb; but they shall all be brought down and broken. (2.) It shall reach very far. The trophies of Christ's victories will be set up among the heathen, and in many countries, wherever any of his enemies are, not his eye only, but his hand, shall find them out (Psalms 21:8) and his wrath shall follow them. He will plead with all nations, Joel 3:2.

_ _ 4. The equity of this victory: He shall judge among them. It is not a military execution, which is done in fury, but a judicial one. Before he condemns and slays, he will judge; he will make it appear that they have brought this ruin upon themselves, and have themselves rolled the stone which returns upon them, that he may be justified when he speaks and the heavens may declare his righteousness. See Revelation 19:1, Revelation 19:2.

_ _ 5. The effect of this victory; it shall be the complete and utter ruin of all his enemies. He shall strike them through, for he strikes home and gives an incurable wound: He shall wound the heads, which seems to refer to the first promise of the Messiah (Genesis 3:15), that he should bruise the serpent's head. He shall wound the head of his enemies, Psalms 68:21. Some read it, He shall wound him that is the head over many countries, either Satan or Antichrist, whom the Lord shall consume with the breath of his mouth. He shall make such destruction of his enemies that he shall fill the places with the dead bodies. The slain of the Lord shall be many. See Isaiah 34:3, etc.; Ezekiel 39:12, Ezekiel 39:14; Revelation 14:20; Revelation 19:17, Revelation 19:18. The filling of the valleys (for so some read it) with dead bodies, perhaps denotes the filling of hell (which is sometimes compared to the valley of Hinnom, Isaiah 30:33; Jeremiah 7:32) with damned souls, for that will be the portion of those that persist in their enmity to Christ.

_ _ II. We have here the Redeemer saving his friends and comforting them (Psalms 110:7); for their benefit, 1. He shall be humbled: He shall drink of the brook in the way, that bitter cup which the Father put into his hand. He shall be so abased and impoverished, and withal so intent upon his work, that he shall drink puddle-water out of the lakes in the highway; so some. The wrath of God, running in the channel of the curse of the law, was the brook in the way, in the way of his undertaking, which must go through, or which ran in the way of our salvation and obstructed it, which lay between us and heaven. Christ drank of this brook when he was made a curse for us, and therefore, when he entered upon his suffering, he went over the brook Kidron, John 18:1. He drank deeply of this black brook (so Kidron signifies), this bloody brook, so drank of the brook in the way as to take it out of the way of our redemption and salvation. 2. He shall be exalted: Therefore shall he lift up the head. When he died he bowed the head (John 19:30), but he soon lifted up the head by his own power in his resurrection. He lifted up the head as a conqueror, yea, more than a conqueror. This denotes not only his exaltation, but his exultation; not only his elevation, but his triumph in it. Colossians 2:15, Having spoiled principalities and powers, he made a show of them. David spoke as a type of him in this (Psalms 27:6), Now shall my head be lifted up above my enemies. His exaltation was the reward of his humiliation; because he humbled himself, therefore God also highly exalted him, Philippians 2:9. Because he drank of the brook in the way therefore he lifted up his own head, and so lifted up the heads of all his faithful followers, who, if they suffer with him, shall also reign with him.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 110:5

The Lord — God the son; the Lord, who is at thy right — hand. Strike — Shall destroy all those kings who are obstinate enemies to him.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

[[no comment]]

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
at thy:

Psalms 110:1 [[A Psalm of David.]] The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool.
Psalms 16:8 I have set the LORD always before me: because [he is] at my right hand, I shall not be moved.
Mark 16:19 So then after the Lord had spoken unto them, he was received up into heaven, and sat on the right hand of God.
Acts 2:34-36 For David is not ascended into the heavens: but he saith himself, The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, ... Therefore let all the house of Israel know assuredly, that God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye have crucified, both Lord and Christ.
Acts 7:55-56 But he, being full of the Holy Ghost, looked up stedfastly into heaven, and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing on the right hand of God, ... And said, Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the Son of man standing on the right hand of God.

strike:

Psalms 2:2-6 The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD, and against his anointed, [saying], ... Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion.
Psalms 2:9-12 Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel. ... Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish [from] the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed [are] all they that put their trust in him.
Psalms 45:4-5 And in thy majesty ride prosperously because of truth and meekness [and] righteousness; and thy right hand shall teach thee terrible things. ... Thine arrows [are] sharp in the heart of the king's enemies; [whereby] the people fall under thee.
Psalms 68:14 When the Almighty scattered kings in it, it was [white] as snow in Salmon.
Psalms 68:30 Rebuke the company of spearmen, the multitude of the bulls, with the calves of the people, [till every one] submit himself with pieces of silver: scatter thou the people [that] delight in war.
Psalms 149:7-9 To execute vengeance upon the heathen, [and] punishments upon the people; ... To execute upon them the judgment written: this honour have all his saints. Praise ye the LORD.
Zechariah 9:9-10 Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold, thy King cometh unto thee: he [is] just, and having salvation; lowly, and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass. ... And I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim, and the horse from Jerusalem, and the battle bow shall be cut off: and he shall speak peace unto the heathen: and his dominion [shall be] from sea [even] to sea, and from the river [even] to the ends of the earth.
Zechariah 9:13-15 When I have bent Judah for me, filled the bow with Ephraim, and raised up thy sons, O Zion, against thy sons, O Greece, and made thee as the sword of a mighty man. ... The LORD of hosts shall defend them; and they shall devour, and subdue with sling stones; and they shall drink, [and] make a noise as through wine; and they shall be filled like bowls, [and] as the corners of the altar.
Revelation 17:12-14 And the ten horns which thou sawest are ten kings, which have received no kingdom as yet; but receive power as kings one hour with the beast. ... These shall make war with the Lamb, and the Lamb shall overcome them: for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings: and they that are with him [are] called, and chosen, and faithful.
Revelation 19:11-21 And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him [was] called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war. ... And the remnant were slain with the sword of him that sat upon the horse, which [sword] proceeded out of his mouth: and all the fowls were filled with their flesh.
Revelation 20:8-9 And shall go out to deceive the nations which are in the four quarters of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to battle: the number of whom [is] as the sand of the sea. ... And they went up on the breadth of the earth, and compassed the camp of the saints about, and the beloved city: and fire came down from God out of heaven, and devoured them.

in the day:

Psalms 21:8-9 Thine hand shall find out all thine enemies: thy right hand shall find out those that hate thee. ... Thou shalt make them as a fiery oven in the time of thine anger: the LORD shall swallow them up in his wrath, and the fire shall devour them.
Ezekiel 38:18-19 And it shall come to pass at the same time when Gog shall come against the land of Israel, saith the Lord GOD, [that] my fury shall come up in my face. ... For in my jealousy [and] in the fire of my wrath have I spoken, Surely in that day there shall be a great shaking in the land of Israel;
Romans 2:5 But after thy hardness and impenitent heart treasurest up unto thyself wrath against the day of wrath and revelation of the righteous judgment of God;
Revelation 6:15-17 And the kings of the earth, and the great men, and the rich men, and the chief captains, and the mighty men, and every bondman, and every free man, hid themselves in the dens and in the rocks of the mountains; ... For the great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand?
Revelation 11:18 And the nations were angry, and thy wrath is come, and the time of the dead, that they should be judged, and that thou shouldest give reward unto thy servants the prophets, and to the saints, and them that fear thy name, small and great; and shouldest destroy them which destroy the earth.
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Ps 2:2, 9; 16:8; 21:8; 45:4; 68:14, 30; 110:1; 149:7. Ezk 38:18. Zc 9:9, 13. Mk 16:19. Ac 2:34; 7:55. Ro 2:5. Rv 6:15; 11:18; 17:12; 19:11; 20:8.

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