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Psalms 110:4 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Jehovah hath sworn, and will not repent: Thou art a priest for ever After the order of Melchizedek.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The LORD hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou [art] a priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The LORD has sworn and will not change His mind, “You are a priest forever According to the order of Melchizedek.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The LORD hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou [art] a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedek.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Jehovah hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou art priest for ever after the order of Melchisedek.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Yahweh, hath sworn—and will not repent, Thou, [shalt be] a priest unto times age-abiding, after the manner of Melchizedek.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— Jehovah hath sworn, and doth not repent, 'Thou [art] a priest to the age, According to the order of Melchizedek.'
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The Lord hath sworn, and he will not repent: Thou art a priest for ever according to the order of Melchisedech.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The LORD hath sworne, and will not repent, thou [art] a Priest for euer: after the order of Melchizedek.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The Lord sware, and will not repent, Thou art a priest for ever, after the order of Melchisedec.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Yahweh hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou [art] a priest for ever after the order of Malki Tzedeq.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
hath sworn, 7650
{7650} Prime
שָׁבַע
shaba`
{shaw-bah'}
A primitive root; properly to be complete, but used only as a denominative from H7651; to seven oneself, that is, swear (as if by repeating a declaration seven times).
z8738
<8738> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Perfect (See H8816)
Count - 1429
and will not x3808
(3808) Complement
לֹא
lo'
{lo}
lo; a primitive particle; not (the simple or abstract negation); by implication no; often used with other particles.
repent, 5162
{5162} Prime
נָחַם
nacham
{naw-kham'}
A primitive root; properly to sigh, that is, breathe strongly; by implication to be sorry, that is, (in a favorable sense) to pity, console or (reflexively) rue; or (unfavorably) to avenge (oneself).
z8735
<8735> Grammar
Stem - Niphal (See H8833)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 1602
Thou x859
(0859) Complement
אַתָּה
'attah
{at-taw'}
A primitive pronoun of the second person; thou and thee, or (plural) ye and you.
[art] a priest 3548
{3548} Prime
כֹּהֵן
kohen
{ko-hane'}
Active participle of H3547; literally one officiating, a priest; also (by courtesy) an acting priest (although a layman).
for ever 5769
{5769} Prime
עוֹלָם
`owlam
{o-lawm'}
From H5956; properly concealed, that is, the vanishing point; generally time out of mind (past or future), that is, (practically) eternity; frequentative adverbially (especially with prepositional prefix) always.
after x5921
(5921) Complement
עַל
`al
{al}
Properly the same as H5920 used as a preposition (in the singular or plural, often with prefix, or as conjugation with a particle following); above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications.
the order 1700
{1700} Prime
דִּבְרָה
dibrah
{dib-raw'}
Feminine of H1697; a reason, suit or style.
of Malc Xeek מַלכִּי־צֶדֶק. 4442
{4442} Prime
מַלְכִּי־צֶדֶק
Malkiy-Tsedeq
{mal-kee-tseh'-dek}
From H4428 and H6664; king of right; Malki-Tsedek, an early king in Palestine.
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 110:4

_ _ The perpetuity of the priesthood, here asserted on God’s oath, corresponds with that of the kingly office just explained.

_ _ after the order — (Hebrews 7:15) after the similitude of Melchisedek, is fully expounded by Paul, to denote not only perpetuity, appointment of God, and a royal priesthood, but also the absence of priestly descent and succession, and superiority to the Aaronic order.

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 110:1-4.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 110:4

Sworn — That this priesthood might be made sure and irrevocable.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 110:4

The LORD hath sworn, and will not repent, Thou [art] a priest for ever after the order of (d) Melchizedek.

(d) As Melchizedek the figure of Christ was both a King and Priest, so this effect cannot be accomplished on any king save only Christ.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
LORD[YHWH]:

Psalms 89:34-36 My covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing that is gone out of my lips. ... His seed shall endure for ever, and his throne as the sun before me.
Hebrews 5:6 As he saith also in another [place], Thou [art] a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.
Hebrews 6:13-18 For when God made promise to Abraham, because he could swear by no greater, he sware by himself, ... That by two immutable things, in which [it was] impossible for God to lie, we might have a strong consolation, who have fled for refuge to lay hold upon the hope set before us:
Hebrews 7:28 For the law maketh men high priests which have infirmity; but the word of the oath, which was since the law, [maketh] the Son, who is consecrated for evermore.

will not:

Numbers 23:19 God [is] not a man, that he should lie; neither the son of man, that he should repent: hath he said, and shall he not do [it]? or hath he spoken, and shall he not make it good?

Thou:

Genesis 14:18 And Melchizedek king of Salem brought forth bread and wine: and he [was] the priest of the most high God.
Zechariah 6:13 Even he shall build the temple of the LORD; and he shall bear the glory, and shall sit and rule upon his throne; and he shall be a priest upon his throne: and the counsel of peace shall be between them both.
Hebrews 6:20 Whither the forerunner is for us entered, [even] Jesus, made an high priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.
Hebrews 7:1-3 For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him; ... Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually.
Hebrews 7:11 If therefore perfection were by the Levitical priesthood, (for under it the people received the law,) what further need [was there] that another priest should rise after the order of Melchisedec, and not be called after the order of Aaron?
Hebrews 7:17 For he testifieth, Thou [art] a priest for ever after the order of Melchisedec.
Revelation 1:6 And hath made us kings and priests unto God and his Father; to him [be] glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Gn 14:18. Nu 23:19. Ps 89:34. Zc 6:13. He 5:6; 6:13, 20; 7:1, 11, 17, 28. Rv 1:6.

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