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Psalms 110:2 [study!]

American Standard Version (ASV 1901) [2]
— Jehovah will send forth the rod of thy strength out of Zion: Rule thou in the midst of thine enemies.
King James Version (KJV 1769)
— The LORD shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion: rule thou in the midst of thine enemies.
New American Standard Bible (NASB ©1995)
— The LORD will stretch forth Your strong scepter from Zion, [saying], “Rule in the midst of Your enemies.”
Webster's Revision of the KJB (WEB 1833)
— The LORD will send the rod of thy strength out of Zion: rule thou in the midst of thy enemies.
Darby's Translation (DBY 1890)
— Jehovah shall send the sceptre of thy might out of Zion: rule in the midst of thine enemies.
Rotherham's Emphasized Bible (EBR 1902)
— Thy sceptre of strength, will Yahweh extend out of Zion, Tread thou down, in the midst of thy foes.
Young's Literal Translation (YLT 1898)
— The rod of thy strength doth Jehovah send from Zion, Rule in the midst of thine enemies.
Douay-Rheims Challoner Revision (DR 1750)
— The Lord will send forth the sceptre of thy power out of Sion: rule thou in the midst of thy enemies.
Original King James Bible (AV 1611) [2]
— The LORD shall send the rod of thy strength out of Zion: rule thou in the midst of thine enemies.
Brenton Greek Septuagint (LXX, Restored Names)
— The Lord shall send out a rod of power for thee out of Zion{gr.Sion}: rule thou in the midst of thine enemies.
Full Hebrew Names / Holy Name KJV (2008) [2] [3]
— Yahweh shall send the rod of thy strength out of Tziyyon: rule thou in the midst of thine enemies.

Strong's Numbers & Hebrew NamesHebrew Old TestamentColor-Code/Key Word Studies
Yhw יָהוֶה 3068
{3068} Prime
יְהֹוָה
Y@hovah
{yeh-ho-vaw'}
From H1961; (the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God.
shall send 7971
{7971} Prime
שָׁלַח
shalach
{shaw-lakh'}
A primitive root; to send away, for, or out (in a great variety of applications).
z8799
<8799> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperfect (See H8811)
Count - 19885
the rod 4294
{4294} Prime
מַטֶּה
matteh
{mat-teh'}
From H5186; a branch (as extending); figuratively a tribe; also a rod, whether for chastising (figuratively correction), ruling (a sceptre), throwing (a lance), or walking (a staff; figuratively a support of life, for example bread).
of thy strength 5797
{5797} Prime
עֹז
`oz
{oze}
From H5810; strength in various applications (force, security, majesty, praise).
out of Xiyyn צִיּוֹן: 6726
{6726} Prime
צִיּוֹן
Tsiyown
{tsee-yone'}
The same (regular) as H6725; Tsijon (as a permanent capital), a mountain of Jerusalem.
x4480
(4480) Complement
מִן
min
{min}
For H4482; properly a part of; hence (prepositionally), from or out of in many senses.
rule 7287
{7287} Prime
רָדָה
radah
{raw-daw'}
A primitive root; to tread down, that is, subjugate; specifically to crumble off.
z8798
<8798> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Imperative (See H8810)
Count - 2847
thou in the midst 7130
{7130} Prime
קֶרֶב
qereb
{keh'-reb}
From H7126; properly the nearest part, that is, the centre, whether literally, figuratively or adverbially (especially with preposition).
of thine enemies. 341
{0341} Prime
אֹיֵב
'oyeb
{o-yabe'}
Active participle of H0340; hating; an adversary.
z8802
<8802> Grammar
Stem - Qal (See H8851)
Mood - Participle Active (See H8814)
Count - 5386
Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Commentary

Psalms 110:2

_ _ the rod of thy strength — the rod of correction (Isaiah 9:4; Isaiah 10:15; Jeremiah 48:12), by which Thy strength will be known. This is His Word of truth (Isaiah 2:3; Isaiah 11:4), converting some and confounding others (compare 2 Thessalonians 2:8).

_ _ out of Zion — or, the Church, in which God dwells by His Spirit, as once by a visible symbol in the tabernacle on Zion (compare Psalms 2:6).

_ _ rule thou, etc. — over enemies now conquered.

_ _ in the midst — once set upon, as by ferocious beasts (Psalms 22:16), now humbly, though reluctantly, confessed as Lord (Philippians 2:10, Philippians 2:11).

Matthew Henry's Commentary

See commentary on Psalms 110:1-4.

John Wesley's Explanatory Notes

Psalms 110:2

The rod — Thy strong or powerful rod, and the rod is put for his scepter, or kingly power: but as the kingdom of Christ is not carnal, but spiritual, so this scepter is nothing else but his word. Zion — From Jerusalem.

Geneva Bible Translation Notes

Psalms 110:2

The LORD shall send the rod of thy strength out of (b) Zion: rule thou in the midst of thine enemies.

(b) And then it will stretch through all the world: and this power chiefly stands in the preaching of his word.

Cross-Reference Topical ResearchStrong's Concordance
the rod:

Exodus 7:19 And the LORD spake unto Moses, Say unto Aaron, Take thy rod, and stretch out thine hand upon the waters of Egypt, upon their streams, upon their rivers, and upon their ponds, and upon all their pools of water, that they may become blood; and [that] there may be blood throughout all the land of Egypt, both in [vessels of] wood, and in [vessels of] stone.
Exodus 8:5 And the LORD spake unto Moses, Say unto Aaron, Stretch forth thine hand with thy rod over the streams, over the rivers, and over the ponds, and cause frogs to come up upon the land of Egypt.
Micah 7:14 Feed thy people with thy rod, the flock of thine heritage, which dwell solitarily [in] the wood, in the midst of Carmel: let them feed [in] Bashan and Gilead, as in the days of old.
Matthew 28:18-20 And Jesus came and spake unto them, saying, All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth. ... Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and, lo, I am with you alway, [even] unto the end of the world. Amen.
Acts 2:34-37 For David is not ascended into the heavens: but he saith himself, The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, ... Now when they heard [this], they were pricked in their heart, and said unto Peter and to the rest of the apostles, Men [and] brethren, what shall we do?
Romans 1:16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.
1 Corinthians 1:23-24 But we preach Christ crucified, unto the Jews a stumblingblock, and unto the Greeks foolishness; ... But unto them which are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God.
2 Corinthians 10:4-5 (For the weapons of our warfare [are] not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds;) ... Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ;
1 Thessalonians 2:13 For this cause also thank we God without ceasing, because, when ye received the word of God which ye heard of us, ye received [it] not [as] the word of men, but as it is in truth, the word of God, which effectually worketh also in you that believe.
1 Peter 1:12 Unto whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves, but unto us they did minister the things, which are now reported unto you by them that have preached the gospel unto you with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven; which things the angels desire to look into.

out:

Isaiah 2:3 And many people shall go and say, Come ye, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.
Ezekiel 47:1 Afterward he brought me again unto the door of the house; and, behold, waters issued out from under the threshold of the house eastward: for the forefront of the house [stood toward] the east, and the waters came down from under from the right side of the house, at the south [side] of the altar.
Micah 4:2 And many nations shall come, and say, Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, and to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for the law shall go forth of Zion, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.

rule:

Psalms 2:8-9 Ask of me, and I shall give [thee] the heathen [for] thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth [for] thy possession. ... Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel.
Psalms 22:28-29 For the kingdom [is] the LORD'S: and he [is] the governor among the nations. ... All [they that be] fat upon earth shall eat and worship: all they that go down to the dust shall bow before him: and none can keep alive his own soul.
Psalms 45:5 Thine arrows [are] sharp in the heart of the king's enemies; [whereby] the people fall under thee.
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Chain-Reference Bible Search

Ex 7:19; 8:5. Ps 2:8; 22:28; 45:5. Is 2:3. Ezk 47:1. Mi 4:2; 7:14. Mt 28:18. Ac 2:34. Ro 1:16. 1Co 1:23. 2Co 10:4. 1Th 2:13. 1P 1:12.

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